Administrative machinery
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ADMINISTRATIVE MACHINERY. CABINET SYSTEM Definition:A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. It can also sometimes be referred to as the Council of Ministers, an Executive Council or Executive Committee. THE CONCEPT OF THE CABINET.

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ADMINISTRATIVE MACHINERY

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Administrative machinery

ADMINISTRATIVE MACHINERY

CABINET SYSTEM

Definition:A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. It can also sometimes be referred to as the Council of Ministers, an Executive Council or Executive Committee.


The concept of the cabinet

THE CONCEPT OF THE CABINET

  • Actually existed in the period of the Malacca Malay Sultanate.

  • In the pre-independence era, it was known as the Federal Government Executive Council..

  • Headed by a Prime Minister with ministers appointed by the YDPA.

  • Made up of those who represent the party with a majority in Parliament.

  • Decided by a general election process.


Prime minister

PRIME MINISTER

  • Appointment of the Prime Minister (PM) is performed by the YDPA.

  • Chosen from among the members of the House of Representatives and is believed to have the support of the majority of the members.

  • Other ministers can be from both the House of Representatives and the Senate.

  • A PM can lead the Cabinet only if he has the confidence of a substantial number of the House of Representatives.

  • The term of office of the Cabinet members depends on how long it is approved by the YDPA.


Ministers

MINISTERS

  • Normally all ministers are members of the Cabinet.

  • The members of the Cabinet form the ruling government body – responsible for carrying out the highest executive powers.

  • PM determines the ministers’ portfolios based on suitability, and the appointment is made by the YDPA.

  • Deputy Prime Minister is also appointed by the YDPA.

  • Those appointed as Deputy Ministers from the House of Representatives and the Senate are not the members of the Cabinet.


The role of the cabinet

THE ROLE OF THE CABINET

  • The role of the Cabinet including:

  • to determine the government policies;

  • to issue directives for their implementation by the government administrative machinery at the federal and state levels;

  • acting as an advisory body to the YDPA.

  • To carry out this important role, the members of the Cabinet have meetings from time to time.

  • Cabinet meetings are important discussions and they are closed.

  • Normally they are held every Wednesday and this is the practice to date.

  • Even though the meetings are conducted informally there are rules to be observed.


Collective principle and spirit

COLLECTIVE PRINCIPLE AND SPIRIT

  • In principle and in practice, the actions and decisions taken by the Cabinet are collective or joint.

  • Every Cabinet member can be frank when giving his views on matters discussed.

  • When a decision is taken, a Cabinet member should accept or agree with the policy decided.

  • In the practice, a person regardless of his position, shall accept the decision of the majority.

  • He has to defend the decision because Cabinet members are jointly responsible for the government’s policies.

  • If he fails to accept the decision of the majority, the simplest alternative is for him to leave the Cabinet or resign from the government.


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