Social Influence Obedience to Authority . Lesson Objectives: 1 ) To look at variations of the obedience experiment 2 ) To evaluate the key study of obedience Stanley Milgram (1963) Methodological considerations Ethical Considerations. Evaluation of Stanley Milgram’s Experiment.
1) To look at variations of the obedience experiment
2) To evaluate the key study of obedience
Stanley Milgram (1963)
Evaluation of Stanley Milgram’s Experiment
Read through the statements and sort them.
They will either be ‘conformity’ or ‘obedience’
Create two columns
Working around the room, each say one piece of information about the aim, procedure, findings, conclusions of the study.
Why did Milgram want to research this?
How was the sample selected?
Who were involved? (confederates)
Where did it take place?
Who had the authority?
What equipment was used?
In the original study
100% of participants went to 300 volts
65% went to the full 450 volts
The experiment has been carried out with variations to test different factors on obeying authority.
You will find out about one variation (pages 157-158) and report the impact that it had to the rest of the group.
Location moved to a run down office (48%)
Experimenter gives orders over the phone (21%)
Holfing et al. (1966)
Nurses – obeying a doctor
These studies are in a real environment
1) Why was the sample used unrepresentative?
2) What are the problems with using a lab exp?
Orne and Holland claim that participants were ‘role playing’
Unique context & not a real environment
On the sheet consider the ethical issues and write down why these were a problem in Milgram’s research.
Complete a cost-benefit analysis of this research
We have considered many of the criticisms of this study.
On a post-it note, write down one thing:
What can we learn about people from this experiment?
What does it tell us about obedience?
How has psychology benefitted from this study?
What factors make people obey?
Practice exam paper (Social Psychology)
Complete questions 5 (a), (b), 6 and 7
For question 7 – you will need to use pg 155 to help you