Social influence obedience to authority
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Social Influence Obedience to Authority . Lesson Objectives: 1 ) To look at variations of the obedience experiment 2 ) To evaluate the key study of obedience Stanley Milgram (1963) Methodological considerations Ethical Considerations. Evaluation of Stanley Milgram’s Experiment.

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Social influence obedience to authority

Social Influence Obedience to Authority

Lesson Objectives:

1) To look at variations of the obedience experiment

2) To evaluate the key study of obedience

Stanley Milgram (1963)

Methodological considerations

Ethical Considerations

Evaluation of Stanley Milgram’s Experiment


Conformity vs obedience
Conformity Vs Obedience

Conformity

Obedience

Starter

Read through the statements and sort them.

They will either be ‘conformity’ or ‘obedience’

Create two columns


Recap stanley milgram 1963 obedience to authority
RecapStanley Milgram (1963)Obedience to Authority

Working around the room, each say one piece of information about the aim, procedure, findings, conclusions of the study.

Why did Milgram want to research this?

How was the sample selected?

Who were involved? (confederates)

Where did it take place?

Who had the authority?

What equipment was used?


Variations to test different factors
Variations (to test different factors)

In the original study

100% of participants went to 300 volts

65% went to the full 450 volts

The experiment has been carried out with variations to test different factors on obeying authority.

You will find out about one variation (pages 157-158) and report the impact that it had to the rest of the group.


Variations feedback
Variations - feedback

Location moved to a run down office (48%)

Experimenter gives orders over the phone (21%)


Evaluation methodological issues
EvaluationMethodological Issues

  • Bickman (1974)

  • Pedestrians in New York

  • Asked to pick up a bag from the floor

  • Guard/milkman/ wearing a sports jacket

Holfing et al. (1966)

Nurses – obeying a doctor

These studies are in a real environment

1) Why was the sample used unrepresentative?

2) What are the problems with using a lab exp?

Validity

Experimental Realism

Demand characteristics

Orne and Holland claim that participants were ‘role playing’

Mundane Realism

Unique context & not a real environment


Evaluation ethical issues
EvaluationEthical Issues

On the sheet consider the ethical issues and write down why these were a problem in Milgram’s research.

Extension:

Complete a cost-benefit analysis of this research


Plenary
Plenary

We have considered many of the criticisms of this study.

On a post-it note, write down one thing:

What can we learn about people from this experiment?

What does it tell us about obedience?

How has psychology benefitted from this study?

What factors make people obey?


Homework due wed 24 th feb
HOMEWORK – due Wed 24th Feb

Practice exam paper (Social Psychology)

Complete questions 5 (a), (b), 6 and 7

For question 7 – you will need to use pg 155 to help you


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