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Poetry - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Poetry. Types and Devices. Types of Poetry. Types of Poetry. Ballads Short, narrative poem (Tells a story) Two or four lines with a refrain (resolution or summary of the poem) Epic Long narrative poem Celebrates the adventures and achievements of a hero. Types of Poetry. Free verse

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Types and Devices

Types of poetry1
Types of Poetry

  • Ballads

    • Short, narrative poem (Tells a story)

    • Two or four lines with a refrain (resolution or summary of the poem)

  • Epic

    • Long narrative poem

    • Celebrates the adventures and achievements of a hero

Types of poetry2
Types of Poetry

  • Free verse

    • Content is usually free of traditional rules of writing poetry (no fixed meter or rhyme scheme present)

  • Sonnet

    • A poem consisting of 14 lines with Iambic Pentameter with a specific rhyme scheme (ababcdcdefefgg)

Types of poetry3
Types of Poetry

  • Haiku (or Natural Haiku)

    • Originated as a Japanese style of poetry

    • 3 unrhymed lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables

    • Usually written in present tense and focused on nature

  • Senryu (or Human Haiku)

    • Also originated as a Japanese style of poetry

    • 3 unrhymed lines of 5,7, and 5 syllables

    • Usually written in present tense but instead of focusing on nature, the senryu focuses on human nature and emotion

  • Ode

    • A poem praising a person, place, or thing

Types of poetry concluded
Types of Poetry (Concluded)

  • Narrative Poetry

    • Tells a story

    • Examples: “The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe

      “Love Story” by Taylor Swift

  • Emotive Poetry

    • Heavy emphasis on the writer’s emotions, or trying to play upon the readers’ or listeners’ emotions

    • Examples: “My Mistress’ Eyes are Nothing Like the Sun”

      by William Shakespeare

      “Missing You” by P. Diddy featuring Faith Evans

      “Someone Like You” by Adele

Poetic devices1
Poetic Devices

  • Alliteration – the repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words

    • Example: “I said a hip hop,Hippie to the hippie, The hip, hip a hop,

      and you don't stop, a rock it”

      (excerpt from “Rapper’s Delight” by The Sugarhill Gang)

  • Assonance

    • The repetition of vowel sounds but not consonant sounds

  • Consonance

    • The repetition of consonant sounds but not vowel sounds

    • Note: Alliteration only occurs at the beginning of neighboring words, whereas Assonance and Consonance can occur anywhere in the word

Poetic devices2
Poetic Devices

  • Allusion

    • Brief reference to a person, event, or place which can be either real or made up, or to a work of art.

    • Example: “Labor day parade, rest in peace Bob Marley, Statue of Liberty, long live the World Trade, Long live the king yo,”

      (excerpt from “Empire State of Mind” by Jay-Z)

  • Oxymoron

    • Two contradictory words together

    • Examples: Jumbo Shrimp, Icy Hot

Poetic devices3
Poetic Devices

  • Connotation

    • When you get the meaning of a word from what was read before and after the word.

    • Sometimes the connotation of a word can be affected by what was written around it.

  • Denotation

    • The literal meaning of a word; the dictionary meaning.

Poetic devices4
Poetic Devices

  • Hyperbole

    • An exaggeration or overstatement

    • Example: I must’ve spent about a million dollars to get my car repaired.

  • Understatement

    • a belittlement (making light of something)

    • Example: (While standing out in a snowstorm) Gosh! It’s a bit chilly today, isn’t it?

Poetic devices5
Poetic Devices

  • Metaphor and Simile

    • Metaphor – comparison of two unlike things

    • Simile – comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as”

    • Examples: “On a stormy sea of moving emotion (Metaphor) Tossed about I'm like a ship on the ocean (Simile)”

      (excerpt from “Carry On Wayward Son” by Kansas)

Poetic devices6
Poetic Devices

  • Imagery

    • Language that evokes one or all of the five senses

    • Example: The red apple was crisp and sweet.

  • Onomatopoeia

    • A word that imitates the sound it represents

    • Examples: Bang! Boom! Zap! Splat!

Poetic devices7
Poetic Devices

  • Meter

    • Rhythm established by a poem.

    • Dependent on the number of syllables in a line as well as the way those syllables are accented. (stressed or unstressed)

  • Rhythm

    • In poetry, it is a recognizable pulse which gives a distinct beat to a line and also gives it shape.

Poetic devices8
Poetic Devices

  • Rhyme Scheme

    • The way in which the words which rhyme at the end of lines in a poem are organized.

    • Examples: (aabb, abab, ababcdcd)

  • Internal Rhyme

    • When two words on the same line rhyme with each other

    • Example: “Ah, distinctly I remember, it was in the bleak December”

      (excerpt from “The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe)

Poetic devices9
Poetic Devices

  • Personification

    • To give human qualities to animals or objects

    • Example: My car decided to stall yesterday.

  • Mood

    • The emotional attitude the writer takes towards the subject

    • Examples: Sarcastic, Happy, Humorous, Sad, etc.