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The Relationship between Church and State in the United States. Elizabeth McLain Senior Capstone Presentation. The First Amendment.

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the relationship between church and state in the united states

The Relationship between Church and State in the United States

Elizabeth McLain

Senior Capstone Presentation

the first amendment
The First Amendment

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances

religion clauses
Religion Clauses
  • Establishment of religion
  • Free exercise
the founders
The Founders

Intentions of separation between

church and state?

colonists
Colonists
  • Roger Williams
  • William Penn
the founding fathers
The Founding Fathers
  • Benjamin Franklin
  • George Washington
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Patrick Henry
  • James Madison
thomas jefferson s wall of separation letter to the danbury baptist association of connecticut
Thomas Jefferson’s “Wall of Separation”Letter to the Danbury Baptist Association of Connecticut
the fourteenth amendment
The Fourteenth Amendment
  • No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States
  • Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
the mormon cases
The Mormon Cases
  • Reynolds v. United States (1879)
  • Davis v. Beason (1890)
  • The Late Corporation of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints v. United States (1890)
slide11
"Laws are made for the government of actions, and while they cannot interfere with mere religious beliefs and opinions, they may with practices."

Chief Justice Warren

everson v board of education 1947
Everson v. Board of Education (1947)

Jefferson’s “wall of separation” used by Justice Hugo Black

flag salute cases
Flag Salute Cases
  • Minersville School District v. Gobitis (1940)
  • West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnett (1943)
prayer and bible reading in public schools
Prayer

Engel v. Vitale (1962)

Bible Readings

School District of Abington v. Schempp (1963)

Murray v. Curlett (1963)

Prayer and Bible Reading in Public Schools
the lemon test
The Lemon Test
  • Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
  • The statute must have a secular legislative purpose
  • Its principal or primary effect must be one that neither advances nor inhibits religion
  • The statute must not foster an excessive government entanglement with religion
today s arguments
Today’s Arguments
  • Separationists
  • Accommodationists
  • Non-Preferentialists
separationists
Separationists
  • American Civil Liberties Union
  • People for the American Way
  • Americans United for the Separation of Church and State
  • American Atheists
accommodationists
Accommodationists
  • Christian Coalition
  • Christian Voice
  • Family First
  • Roy Moore
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