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The Black Death. 1347 - 1351. The Black Death. A devastating worldwide pandemic that first struck Europe, killing about a third of Europe's population. Question:. Does the Black Plague have any affect on your life Or our society?. The Famine of 1315-1317.

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The Black Death

1347 - 1351


The black death
The Black Death

A devastating worldwide pandemic that first struck Europe, killing about a third of Europe's population


Question
Question:

Does the Black Plague have any affect on your life

Or

our society?


The Famine of 1315-1317

  • By 1300 farmed as much land as possible

  • Climate changes yielded 3 yrs of crop failure

  • As many as 15% of the peasants died.

  • One consequence of starvation & poverty was susceptibility to disease.


The black death1
The Black Death

  • Originated in Asia

  • Came to Europe along seal and land trade routes

    • On stow-away rats




The Disease Cycle

Flea drinks rat blood that carries the bacteria.

Bacteria

multiply in

flea’s gut.

Human is infected!

Flea bites human and regurgitates blood into human wound.

Flea’s gut cloggedwith bacteria.


Why is it called the black death
Why is it called the “Black Death”?

  • Because of a striking symptom of the disease, in which sufferers' skin would blacken due to hemorrhages under the skin

  • Bubonic

  • Pneumonic

  • Septicemic


Bubonic plague
Bubonic plague

  • Painful lymph node swellings called buboes

  • Buboes in the groin and armpits, which ooze pus and blood.

  • Damage to the skin and underlying tissue until they were covered in dark blotches.

  • Most victims died within four to seven days after infection


The Symptoms

Bulbous

Septicemic Form:almost 100% mortality rate.


From the Toggenburg Bible, 1411


Ring around the rosie
Ring Around the Rosie

Ring a-round the rosie

Pocket full of posies

Ashes, ashes!

We all fall down!



Medieval art the plague
Medieval Art & the Plague

The victims ate lunch with their friends and dinner with their ancestors.


Death Triumphant !A Major Artistic Theme




The Mortality Rate

35% - 70%

25,000,000 dead !!!


Church schism
Church Schism

  • People questioned God and the Church

  • Church did not have strong leaders to help people

  • Lost power


A Little Macabre Ditty

“A sickly season,” the merchant said,“The town I left was filled with dead,and everywhere these queer red fliescrawled upon the corpses’ eyes,eating them away.”“Fair make you sick,” the merchant said,“They crawled upon the wine and bread.Pale priests with oil and books,bulging eyes and crazy looks,dropping like the flies.”


A Little Macabre Ditty

“I had to laugh,” the merchant said,“The doctors purged, and dosed, and bled;“And proved through solemn disputation“The cause lay in some constellation.“Then they began to die.”“First they sneezed,” the merchant said,“And then they turned the brightest red,Begged for water, then fell back.With bulging eyes and face turned black,they waited for the flies.”


A Little Macabre Ditty

“I came away,” the merchant said,“You can’t do business with the dead.“So I’ve come here to ply my trade.“You’ll find this to be a fine brocade…”

And then he sneezed……….!


Hundred years war

Hundred Years War

1337 - 1453


The cause of conflict
The Cause of Conflict

  • French and English feuding

  • Fought for land and the English Channel


The war itself
The War Itself

  • Short raids

  • A few major battles

  • Weapons made the difference

  • What is more important: weapons or numbers?


French advantage
French Advantage

  • Far richer and more populous

  • At one point, the French fielded an army of over 50,000  at most, Britain mustered only 32,000.


British advantage
British Advantage

  • Weapons Technologies.

  • Britain’s most successful strategies:

    • Avoid pitched battles.

    • Engage in quick, profitable raids

      • Steal what you can.

      • Destroy everything else.

      • Capture enemy knights to hold for ransom.


The Longbow as a Weapon


Joan of arc 1412 1432
Joan of Arc (1412-1432)

  • The daughter of prosperous peasants from Burgundy

  • Dressed like a man

  • Fearless

  • Charasmatic


Joan of arc
Joan of Arc

  • Had visions of divine revelation.

    • Her “voices” told her to go to the king and assist him in driving out the English.

  • Because of her “unnatural dress” and claim to divine guidance, she was condemned and burned as a heretic in 1432.

  • She instantly became a symbol of French resistance.


Guilty
Guilty

Deuteronomy 22:5

The woman shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man put on a woman's garment: for all that do so are abomination unto the LORD thy God.


Joan of arc1
Joan of Arc

  • Why aren’t there many historical women heroines?

  • Would the world be a better place if their were?


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