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n arcotic a nalgesics

Narcotic Analgesics

Jenna Washuleski

target audience
Target Audience

You may be suffering from an addiction, or maybe you are an occasional user. You could be a family member or friend of an addict, or you could just be a curious individual. No matter who you are, you are welcome to view this power point on Narcotic Analgesics, health related symptoms, withdrawal symptoms, treatment, and more. Addiction is a serious issue. Become aware of what Narcotic Analgesicsare and how they effect our bodies in this 20 minute presentation. Enjoy!

what are narcotic analgesics
What are Narcotic Analgesics?
  • Prescribed by doctors to relieve pain
    • Often underprescribed for the fear of narcotic abuse
  • Narcotic
    • Origins from Greek word for “stupor” which is used to reference to pain relievers
    • Today, narcotic is refers to opium, opium derivatives, and opium semi-synthetic substitutes.
      • Opium comes from the Opium poppy plant
  • Analgesics
    • Medicine for pain, pain reliever

"Narcotics." Drugs Fact Sheet. Drug Enforcement Administration, n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.

did you know
Did you know…

Dr. AnandVeeravagu, MD,Robert M. Lober, MD, PhD. "Heroin: American\'s Silence Assassin." The Daily Beast. Newsweek/Daily Beast, 03 Feb. 2014. Web. 19 Apr. 2014.

narcotic abuse
Narcotic Abuse
  • Vary from Schedule I to Schedule V
    • Schedule I narcotics (like heroin) have no medical use or benefits in the US
  • Individuals get ahold of narcotics from
    • Friends
    • Family members
    • Nursing homes
    • Hospices
    • Pharmacies
    • Medicine cabinets
    • Doctors
  • In the US narcotics are illegal to sell, buy, or use outside of medical research
  • Hanson, Glen R., Peter, Venturelli J., and Fleckenstein, Annette E. "Chapter 9: Narcotics (Opioids)."Drugs and Society. 11th ed. Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett, 2012. 285-321. Print.
  • .
types of narcotics
Types of Narcotics

"Narcotics List." Narcotics. National Institute on Drug Abuse, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2014.

street slang terms
Street Slang Terms

"Narcotics Street Names."Narcotics. National Institute on Drug Abuse, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2014.

forms of narcotics
Forms of Narcotics

"Narcotics." Drugs Fact Sheet. Drug Enforcement Administration, n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.

method of administration
Method of Administration

"Narcotics." Drugs Fact Sheet. Drug Enforcement Administration, n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.

narcotic opioid negative effects
Narcotic/Opioid Negative Effects

“Effects depend heavily on the dose, how it’s taken, and previous exposure to the drug. dose is increased, both the pain relief and the harmful effects become more pronounced. Some of these preparations are so potent that a single dose can be lethal to an inexperienced user.”

"Narcotics." Drugs Fact Sheet. Drug Enforcement Administration, n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.

pharmacological effects of opioids
Pharmacological Effects of Opioids

Note: Although the movie is directed at heroin,

it applies to all narcotics as well.

heroin
Heroin
  • One of the most widely abused drugs around the world.
  • Naturally derives from the seed pod of the opium poppy plant.
heroin facts
Heroin facts
  • Afghanistan supplies more than 90% of world’s heroin
    • Also comes from South America, Southeast and Southwest Asia, and Mexico
  • May be 95% pure when enters the US, but when sold it may be 3% to 70%
  • Pure heroin is white powder
  • Often cut with sugar, powdered milk, starch, other drugs, and quinine, which can be deadly
  • Many times users are unaware of the purity of their heroin or what their heroin is cut with
  • Black tar heroin varies from dark brown to black and is sticky like roofing tar
  • Heroin is often mixed with alcohol
  • Speedballing is heroin mixed with cocaine
  • Hanson, Glen R., Peter, Venturelli J., and Fleckenstein, Annette E. "Chapter 9: Narcotics (Opioids)."Drugs and Society. 11th ed. Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett, 2012. 285-321. Print.
  • .
heroin facts1
Heroin FACTS

Gray, Eliza. "Heroin Gains Popularity as Cheap Doses Flood the U.S." U.S. Drugs. Time, 4 Feb. 2014. Web. 19 Apr. 2014.

method of administration1
Method of Administration

"DrugFacts: Heroin." National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). National Institute on Drug Abuse, Apr. 2013. Web. 16 Apr. 2014.

symptoms of heroin
Symptoms of Heroin
  • Immediate
    • “Rush” feeling
  • Short Term
    • Drowsiness
    • Hypothermia
    • Reduced breathing and heartbeat
    • Severe itching
    • Dry mouth
    • Vomiting
    • Coma or death due to overdose
    • Craving to do more (If not, the user will experience withdrawal symptoms)

“The intense high a user seeks only last a few minutes.”

"The Destructive Effects Of Heroin." The Truth About Heroin. Foundation for a Drug Free World, 2006. Web. 18 Apr. 2014.

symptoms of heroin continued
Symptoms of Heroin (Continued)

"The Destructive Effects Of Heroin." The Truth About Heroin. Foundation for a Drug Free World, 2006. Web. 18 Apr. 2014.

"Needle Dangers." Alcohol Rehab. Alcohol Rehab, 2008. Web. 19 Apr. 2014.

overdose
Overdose
  • Not uncommon
  • Can lead to death
  • Pinpoint pupils
  • Cold clammy skin
  • Confusion
  • Convulsions
  • Extreme Drowsiness
  • Slowed breathing

"Heroin Facts." Heroin Facts. Drug Policy And Alliance, 2014. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.

narcotics opioids and pregnancy
Narcotics/Opioids and Pregnancy
  • Hanson, Glen R., Peter, Venturelli J., and Fleckenstein, Annette E. "Chapter 9: Narcotics (Opioids)."Drugs and Society. 11th ed. Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett, 2012. 285-321. Print.
  • .
dependence
Dependence
  • Hanson, Glen R., Peter, Venturelli J., and Fleckenstein, Annette E. "Chapter 9: Narcotics (Opioids)."Drugs and Society. 11th ed. Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett, 2012. 285-321. Print.
  • .
withdrawals of narcotics
Withdrawals of narcotics
  • Happens when drug use has stopped
  • Intensity of these symptoms varies on particular drug use, how long the user has abused the drug for, total daily dose, interval between doses, and physical health and personality of the user. It does not take long (few hours) for withdrawal symptoms to occur

"Heroin Withdrawal Symptoms."Heroin Withdrawal Symptoms. Foundation for a Drug Free World, 2006. Web. 18 Apr. 2014.

treatment for withdrawals
Treatment for Withdrawals
  • Detox programs
  • AODA Counseling
  • Medicine can be taken to block withdrawal symptoms
    • Buprenorphine-Suboxone
    • Methadone – Dolophine

"Treatment Options for Prescription Drug Addiction." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2014.

treatment for narcotic analgesics addiction
Treatment for narcotic analgesics addiction
  • Narcotics Anonymous
  • AODA Counseling
  • Counseling
  • Changes in physical environment or behavioral motivators that caused the abuse in the first place
    • Relapse is common if these prompts are not changed

"Treatment Options for Prescription Drug Addiction." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2014.

slide24

In the appropriate box, write down the pros and cons based on your low risk choices towards CNS Stimulants. Then write down the pros and cons of continued high risk choices.

Low Risk Choices

High Risk Choices

PROS

Daughtery, R., & O\'Bryan, T. (2014). Prime for life. (8.0 ed.). Lexington, Kentucky, USA: Prevention Research Institute

CONS

This activity will help you match the benefits of making good choices, and the negatives of making bad choices.

conclusion
Conclusion
  • If you or someone you know has an addiction, take action today!
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