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Trends In Healthcare :. The Use Of Artificial Heart Devices To Treat Heart Disease Presented By: Justine Lighthall. Objectives. Describe different device types of devices Define the types of therapy the Artificial Heart Device is used for.

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Trends in healthcare

Trends In Healthcare:

The Use Of Artificial Heart Devices To Treat Heart Disease

Presented By:

Justine Lighthall


  • Describe different device types of devices

  • Define the types of therapy the Artificial Heart Device is used for.

  • Identify disease processes that rely on the use of the device.

  • State Statistics regarding the Artificial Heart Device

  • Explain how the device works

Objectives cont
Objectives cont.

  • Identify hardware and software parts of the artificial heart device.

  • Describe Information System

  • Describe advantages and disadvantages of the Artificial Heart Device

  • Identify Ethical Issues

Objectives cont1
Objectives Cont.

  • State Informatics Competencies

  • Describe the functions and responsibilities of Informatics nurse

  • Trend summary

Device types
Device Types

  • Thoratec

  • Ventra assist

  • Heart Mate 1

  • Heart Mate 2

  • Abiomed

Types of therapy
Types of Therapy

  • Destination Therapy: When one is not a candidate for transplant.

    • Non- Functional from CVA

    • Does not wish to be Transplanted

  • Bridge To Transplant: Temporary until listed and called for Transplantation.

    • Heart failure to severe to wait for heart transplant.

  • Recovery: Heart function is returned

    • Post-Partum

    • Viral Infections


  • Heart Failure is the leading cause of death

    • An estimated sixty-two million people are suffering from congestive heart failure

  • FDA: Food and Drug Administration

    • FDA has approved a partial artificial heart.

    • FDA approval in April 2008 as a bridge-to-transplantation (BTT) treatment option for patients

Lvad hardware
LVAD Hardware

  • Internal Components

    • Inflow Cannula from left ventricle

    • Pump

    • Outflow Cannula to the Aorta

  • External Components

    • Battery Pack

    • Systems Controller

    • Driveline

Ventra assist device
Ventra assist Device

The Basics of Heart Failure received February 20, 2009 from

Lvad hardware1
LVAD Hardware

Mechanical 'artificial hearts' can remove need for transplant by returning heart to normal. Retrieved February 20, 2009 from

Final Medicare Decision Provides Maximum Reimbursement to Hospitals for CardioWest™ temporary Total Artificial Heart. Retrieved February 20, 2009 from

Lvad software
LVAD Software Hospitals for

  • Each company has their own system software

    • Ventraview

  • Each software has similar components

    • Ability to record memory

    • Projects a constant flow of heart function

    • Stores a database of numbers pertaining to function of VAD

  • Components of software
    Components of Software Hospitals for

    • Flow

    • Speed

    • Pulsatile Index

    • Memory

    Usability of software
    Usability of Software Hospitals for

    • Efficient in maintaining patients lives

    • Provides satisfaction

    • Easy for patients to learn and control

    • Minimal error

    Information system
    Information System Hospitals for

    • The LVAD disseminates data to a control panel

    • Data is displayed on an LCD screen

    • The data describes the function of the heart and the device.

    Information system1
    Information System Hospitals for

    • The Information System provides data for health care personnel

      • Physicians

      • Nurses

      • Engineers

      • Patients

        • The Information System describes function of the heart and device setting

          • Pump output

          • Speed

          • Power

          • PI

          • OI

    Functions of information system
    Functions of Information System Hospitals for

    • Provide data that is used to treat the patient

    • Describes how the pump is working

    • Ability to record alarms

    Information system data standards
    Information System Data Standards Hospitals for

    • The FDA ( Food and Drug Administration)

    • JCAHO ( Joint Commission )

    • Intermacs

    • IRB ( Institutional Review Board )

    Advantages Hospitals for

    • Advantages for an Artificial Heart Device

      • Used for treatment of end-stage heart failure.

      • Used in assistance while waiting for heart transplant.

      • Used for temporary use while waiting for heart recovery.

    Disadvantages Hospitals for

    • Risk for major complications

      • Death

      • Stroke

      • Renal Failure

      • DVT/PE

      • Debilitation

    Ethical issues
    Ethical Issues Hospitals for

    • Criteria

      • Age

      • Socio- economic status

      • Social Support

      • Transplantation

    Informatics competencies
    Informatics Competencies Hospitals for

    • Specialized VAD classes must be completed by all health care professionals.

    • Written test must be completed

    • Clinical experience and orientation

    • Demonstration of ability to care for the patient a VAD

    Functions and responsibilities of informatics nurse
    Functions and Responsibilities of Informatics Nurse Hospitals for

    • Assessment of patient with VAD

    • Ability to identify complications of device

    • Utilizes knowledge on hardware and software of VAD

    Summary Hospitals for

    • State of the Art technology

    • Augmentation of ventricles

    • Dissemination of Knowledge

    • User friendly

      Hamby. 2007

    References Hospitals for

    • Meadows , Michelle (2005). Artificial Heart Helps People Awaiting Transplants. Retrieved April 19, 2009, from Food and Drug Administration Web site:

    • James, Bonnie (2009). Continuous flow heart pumps are wave of the future: expert. Retrieved April 19, 2009, from Thoratec Website:

    • 2009,feb 20). Left Ventricular Assist Device . Retrieved April 19, 2009, from American Heart Association Web site:

    • (1999-2007). LVAD Anatomy. Retrieved April 19, 2009, from Mechanical Circulatory Support System Web site:

    References cont
    References cont. Hospitals for

    • (2009). Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assist Circulatory Support. Retrieved April 19, 2009, from Intermacs Web site:

    • (2003). New Device Approval. . Retrieved April 19, 2009, from U.S Drug and Food Administration. Web site:

    • 2006 July 18). Artificial Hearts . Retrieved April 19, 2009, from CHF Patients Web site:

    • 2009 April 2). Artificial Hearts . Retrieved April 19, 2009, from Cardiowest Web site:

    References cont1
    References cont. Hospitals for

    • Ventricular Assist Device (VAD) Certification. Retrieved April 19, 2009, from Ventricular Assist Device Web site:

    • Institutional Review Board. Retrieved April 23, 2009, from Artificial Heart Device Web site:

    • Hamby, Robert (2007). Ventricular Assist Device