Introduction to design theories methods
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Architecture 130 Spring 2001. Introduction to Design Theories & Methods. Professor W. Mike Martin GSI’s Humberto Cavallin Elena Paparizou. General Information. 1. Course: ARCH 130 (3 units). 2. Title: Introduction to Design Theories and Methods. 3. Semester: Spring 2001.

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Introduction to Design Theories & Methods

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Architecture 130 Spring 2001

Introduction to Design Theories & Methods

Professor W. Mike Martin

GSI’s

Humberto Cavallin

Elena Paparizou


General Information

  • 1. Course: ARCH 130 (3 units).

  • 2. Title: Introduction to Design Theories and Methods.

  • 3. Semester: Spring 2001.

  • 4. Meetings: 10 weeks (Jan 17 — March 23) Three 1-hour lectures per week for the first four weeks, two 1-hour lectures per week thereafter. In addition there will be four 2-3 two-hour workshops, three exam reviews, and 3-4 major discussion sessions during the term.


  • 5. Prerequisites: Upper division standing, Arch100A and B, mathematics re­quirement.

  • 6. Examinations: Exam 1, Feb 2, Exam 2, Feb 31, Final Exam Mar 23

  • 7. Major Project: A major term paper 25-30 pages based on rigorous library research and fieldwork. Workshops will be provided to help develop the paper during the term. The topic of the major paper will be discussed in a future class session.

  • 8. Evaluation: Examinations 75%, Major Paper 25%


  • OBJECTIVES: Arch 130 is a survey course. The emphasis is on the foundations for systematic approaches to design and on providing an overview of these approaches, their ad­vantages and disadvantages. Some methods will be studied in detail, exemplifying some typical modes of reasoning. In particular, the course will:

  • —describe and discuss various philosophies and styles of design,

  • —identify particular difficulties of designing and investigate their nature,

  • —present and demonstrate various tools, techniques, and methods as they become

    relevant in the process of designing.


  • As a result, the student should become familiar with the theoretical and methodological issues of their work, and they should achieve some critical knowledge of the various approaches in design. In addition, they should be able to apply some concepts and procedures to their own design problems.


SUBJECT MATTER

  • What is design?

  • What is the nature of its problems?

  • What are the specific difficulties of designing?

  • How to cope with these difficulties?

    TEACHING METHOD

  • The series of lectures will develop the material. Weekly section meetings will serve to discuss, clarify, and elaborate the issues, as well as to assist in the development of the major paper.


Week

Date

Lectures

Assignments

1

Jan 17

19

Why study Design?

Designers' Self-images

Readings:

Cuff, Royal Institute ...

2

22

24

26

Definitions of Design

A Model of Design

Doctrines of creativity

Readings:

Cuff (continued), Jones (1),

Siegel

Proposal Workshop

3

29

31

Feb 2

Morphological Methods I

Topological Methods I

Examination 1

Readings:

Jones (2), Schön (1)

Paper Proposal Due

Course Calendar


4

6

5

7

9

19

21

Values in Design and Formation of Judgement

An Evaluation Method

Evaluations by Groups (Juries)

PRESIDENTS' DAY HOLIDAY

anticipating the context of design

The unknown user and the unknown context

Readings:

Dehlinger, Protzen

Paper Draft Workshop

Readings:

Archer, Simon (1 & 2)

5

12

14

Schemes of Evaluation

Cost-Benefit Analysis

Readings:

Bross, Haldane, Thompson

Assignment 3 due in section

Hand-out of Assignment 4: Self-Image


7

26

28

31

Orders of magnitude

Procedural vs Prescriptive Theories.

Examination 2

first generation theories

Technical Rationality

Design as a Staged-Process

(Asimow, Archer)

Readings:

Schön (3), Rittel/Webber, Rittel (1)

Paper Draft Due

8

Mar 5

7

Design as Information Processing (Simon)

Design as Decomposition

(Alexander)

Readings:

Rittel (2 & 3), Schön (3)

9

12

14

second generation theories

Paradoxes of Rationality

Design Problems are Wicked

Design as Argumentation

Final Paper Due


10

19

21

23

Design as

Reflection-in-Action

conclusion

final exam

Pin-up and Review of Assignment 6


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