Two faces one tear
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Elements of Poetry. Two Faces One Tear. How would you describe the painting? What is unusual about what you see?. Aim: What Are Elements of Poetry ?. Feature Menu: Notes Sections (5). Form Forms of Poetry Tone Imagery Figurative Language Your Turn. Form (Section 1).

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Two Faces One Tear

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Two faces one tear

Elements of Poetry

Two Faces One Tear

How would you describe the painting? What is unusual about what you see?


Two faces one tear

Aim: What Are Elements of Poetry?

Feature Menu: Notes Sections (5)

Form

Forms of Poetry

Tone

Imagery

Figurative Language

Your Turn


Two faces one tear

Form (Section 1)

A poet is like a sculptor.

A sculptor uses tools to shape wood, stone, or metal.

A poet uses words to shape a poem.


Two faces one tear

Form

Read this poem aloud. How do the lengths of the lines influence the sound of the poem?

Stay beautiful

but dont stay down underground too long

Dont turn into a mole

or a worm

or a root

or a stone

from “For Poets” by Al Young

The shortlines giveemphasis to words like worm and stone.

Short lines may also cue readers to speed up.


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Form

To help shape their writing, poets ask:

1. How long should the lines be?

2. Should I group the lines into stanzas?

3. Should I follow established forms or experiment with new forms?

The poet’s purpose is to give the words a pleasing shape on the page and to help convey meaning.


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1

2

Form

A stanza is a group of lines that forms a single unit in a poem.

This is my letter to the world,

That never wrote to me, --

The simple news that Nature told,

With tender majesty.

Her message is committed

To hands I cannot see;

For love of her, sweet countrymen,

Judge tenderly of me!

“Letter to the World”

by Emily Dickinson

(edited by Thomas Wentworth Higginson)

This poem has two stanzas.


Two faces one tear

Form

Established formsfollow a traditional pattern set by other poets who lived long ago.

  • This pattern may determine the poem’s

  • rhythm

  • rhyme scheme

  • number of lines

  • number of stanzas


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Forms of Poetry (Section 2)

Could you write a poem by listing four or five things found in your classroom?

You could if you were writing a catalog poem—

free verse that lists the poet’s thoughts or feelings on a subject.


Two faces one tear

Forms of Poetry

A catalog poem is a list:

On the first day of school, I see shoes. My classmates wear big shoes, small shoes, smelly shoes—shoes built for running and moving.

I see desks. . . .

Other kinds of poems

• honor someone or some event

• tell stories

• express feelings

• remember someone


Two faces one tear

Forms of Poetry

Express feelingsformally

Tell a story

Express thoughts and feelingsin free verse

Mourn the loss of someone or something

You will read many of these forms in this collection.


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Forms of Poetry

Quick Check

What is the form of this poem?

I hear America singing, the varied carols I hear,

Those of mechanics, each one singing his as it

should be blithe and strong,

The carpenter singing his as he measures his

plank or beam, . . .

The delicious singing of the mother, or of the

young wife at work, or of the girl sewing or

washing, . . .

from “I Hear America Singing”

by Walt Whitman

[End of Section]


Two faces one tear

Forms of Poetry

Quick Check

This is a catalog poem. The poet lists many different singers.

What is the form of this poem?

I hear America singing, the varied carols I hear,

Those of mechanics, each one singing his as it

should be blithe and strong,

The carpenter singing his as he measures his

plank or beam, . . .

The delicious singing of the mother, or of the

youngwife at work, or of the girl sewing or

washing, . . .

from “I Hear America Singing”

by Walt Whitman


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Tone (Section 3)

Tone reflects a poet’s attitude toward a subject.

Amazed at medicaltechnology?

Saddened by his loss?

In awe of his courage?

Inspired by his persistence?

Imagine you are writing a poem about the man in this picture. What would be your tone, or attitude?


Two faces one tear

Tone

To determine a poem’s tone, ask:

How do the

• words

• images

• sounds

make you feel?

cold?

adventurous?

spooked?

curious?

A poet carefully chooses every word and detail to help you understand and share his or her attitude.


Two faces one tear

Tone

Quick Check

What is the toneof this passage

from “The Highwayman”?

And still of a winter’s night, they say, when the wind is in the trees,

When the moon is a ghostly galleon tossed upon cloudy seas,

When the road is a ribbon of moonlight over the purple moor,

A highwayman comes riding—

Riding—riding—

A highwayman comes riding, up to the old inn door.

by Alfred Noyes

[End of Section]


Two faces one tear

Tone

Quick Check

And still of a winter’s night, they say, when the wind is in the trees,

When the moon is a ghostly galleon tossed upon cloudy seas,

When the road is a ribbon of moonlight over the purple moor,

A highwayman comes riding—

Riding—riding—

A highwayman comes riding, up to the old inn door.

by Alfred Noyes

The spooky,

mysterious, tone is created by words like ghostly anddetails like the dark, cold night.


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Imagery (Section 4)

You can think of a poet as an artist who uses words the way a painter uses paint.

clouds like tufts of wool

the rock’s wrinkled face . . . a carpet of red sand

The poet’s words create images, or pictures, in the reader’s mind.


Two faces one tear

Imagery

Listen to this excerpt from “The Highwayman.” What images do you see?

The wind was a torrent of darknessamong the gusty trees,The moon was a ghostly galleon,tossed upon cloudy seas,The road was a ribbon of moonlightover the purple moor,And the highwayman came riding. . . .

by Alfred Noyes


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Imagery

Is this how you imagined the scene?


Two faces one tear

Imagery

Images in poetry focus on all of the senses.

He rode with a jeweled twinkle. . . .

Over the cobbles he clattered and clashed in the dark inn yard.

They said no word to the landlord. They drank his ale instead.

He scarce could reach her hand. . . .

. . . his hair like moldy hay. . . .


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Imagery

Quick Check

Beclouded

The sky is low, the clouds are mean,

A traveling flake of snow

Across a barn or through a rut

Debates if it will go.

A narrow wind complains all day

How some one treated him;

Nature, like us, is sometimes caught

Without her diadem.

by Emily Dickinson

(edited by Thomas Wentworth Higginson)

Find examples ofimages in this poem that appeal to different senses.

[End of Section]


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Imagery

Quick Check

Beclouded

The sky is low, the clouds are mean,

A traveling flake of snow

Across a barn or through a rut

Debates if it will go.

A narrow wind complains all day

How some one treated him;

Nature, like us, is sometimes caught

Without her diadem.

by Emily Dickinson

(edited by Thomas Wentworth Higginson)

Images that appeal to the senses include

Sight: hanging clouds, a blowing snowflake, a barn, a crown

Sound: wind blowing


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Figurative Language (Section 5)

Poets also use figures of speech—languagethat helps make startling connections between dissimilar things.

What connections are made in the following lines from “The Railway Train”?

I like to see it lap the miles,

And lick the valleys up,

And stop to feed itself at tanks. . . .

by Emily Dickinson


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Figurative Language

A train is compared to a horse.


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Figurative Language

A simileis a comparison of two unlike things using the word like, as, or resembles.

There came a wind like a bugle. . . .

  • How are these very different things alike?

  • What meaning does the poet want us to make from this connection?


Two faces one tear

Figurative Language

A metaphorcompares two unlike things without using like, as, or resembles.

Stars are great drops

Of golden dew

from “Harlem Night Song”by Langston Hughes


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Figurative Language

An extended metaphor is a comparison that continues through many lines or the entire poem.

All the world's a stage,

And all the men and women merely players;

They have their exits and their entrances,

And one man in his time plays many parts,

His acts being seven ages.

by William Shakespeare


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Figurative Language

Quick Check

And we saw him, or thought we saw him, dim and gray,

Like a shadow against the curtain of

falling flakes.

from “The Runaway”

by Robert Frost

What figure(s)of speechare used in these lines from a poem about a young horse?

[End of Section]


Two faces one tear

Figurative Language

Quick Check

And we saw him, or thought we saw him, dim and gray,

Like a shadow against the curtain of

falling flakes.

from “The Runaway”

by Robert Frost

What figure(s)of speechare used in these lines from a poem about a young horse?

Like a shadow is a simile. It uses like to compare the colt and a shadow.

Curtain is a metaphor. It compares snow to a curtain, without using like, as, or resembles.


Two faces one tear

Analyze Elements of Poetry

Your Turn

  • What element of poetry would you like to understand better? Why?

[End of Section]


Two faces one tear

The End


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