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GMO in Thai Sugar Cane

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Thai – Queensland Dialogue #6 Renaissance Resort & Spa, Koh Samui 25 March 2010 Nutthapol Asadathorn, Ph.D. Thai Sugar Miller Co.,Ltd. GMO in Thai Sugar Cane. GMO in Thailand. Cabinet Resolution in 2001 Not allow GMOs testing in field level

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Thai – Queensland Dialogue #6

Renaissance Resort & Spa, Koh Samui

25 March 2010

Nutthapol Asadathorn, Ph.D.

Thai Sugar Miller Co.,Ltd.

GMO in Thai Sugar Cane
gmo in thailand
GMO in Thailand
  • Cabinet Resolution in 2001
    • Not allow GMOs testing in field level
  • Not allow imports, cultivate, commercial, possession
  • Except : Soy bean & Maize – Raw materials for human food, animal feed, industrial use
regulations
Regulations
  • Plant control act 1964 & 1999
  • GMO plants restriction - 40 types
  • Increase to 49 types in 2003
  • Restriction: Import, cultivate, commercial, possession
  • Exception: Research & trials
bio safety
Bio-Safety
  • Agricultural Biosafety Board, Department of agriculture
  • Institutional Biosafety Committee
    • Since 1993
    • Biosafety guidelines on researches & commercial
    • 33 units in universities, colleges, companies
  • Regulations : National Environment Board, Ministry of National Resources and Environment
bio safety1
Bio-safety
  • At least 1 crop cycle trial in lab or green house
  • At least 1 crop cycle trial in testing field
  • At least 2 crop cycles or locations in field
  • Special watch : rice, maize, soy bean, papaya
certification
Certification
  • Non-GMO certification by Department of Agriculture
  • Cane: Issue the certificate without testing

(1 in 155 products)

white leaf disease
White Leaf Disease
  • Cause: Phัytoplasma, 16 SrXI-B
  • Stay in Phloem
  • No variety that can tollerate
  • Insect: Leafhopper
    • M. hiroglyphicus
    • Y. flavovitatus
  • Sandy soil – Northeastern
white leaf disease1
White Leaf Disease
  • Symtoms:
    • Budding cane shows white-yellow narrow leaf
    • Chlorophyll is destroyed
    • Strong cane will not show symtom
  • Treatments:
    • Hot water (50ºC) 2 hours

for cane seed

    • Eliminate the infected cane
white leaf disease2
White Leaf Disease
  • Research stage
  • Study “Shiva-1 lytic peptide”
  • Control the Phytoplasma growing in phloem
  • National Center for Genetic Engineering
  • Funded : National Science and Technology Development Agency
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Food industry prefer GMO free
    • Export to Europe
  • Restriction from government policy
    • Food safety
  • Bio-fuel production
  • Production cost
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