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Japan - Land of the Rising Sun. Yukio Hatoyama – new PM Kuril Islands – source of dispute with Russia World’s second and Asia’s largest economy Oldest still ruling Royal House in the world Monarch sits on Chrysanthemum Throne No standing army

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japan land of the rising sun
Japan - Land of the Rising Sun
  • Yukio Hatoyama – new PM
  • Kuril Islands – source of dispute with Russia
  • World’s second and Asia’s largest economy
  • Oldest still ruling Royal House in the world
  • Monarch sits on Chrysanthemum Throne
  • No standing army
  • No manufacture, supply or storing of nuclear weapons
china 3 rd largest by area
China - 3rd Largest by Area
  • Hu Jintao – President; Wen Jiabao – PM
  • Is building GWADAR port in Pakistan, also Karakoram Highway to Pakistan
  • World’s largest FOREX reserves - more than $1 trillion
  • Built THREE GORGES DAM on Yangtze River, world’s largest hydro-electric dam
  • Built world’s highest railway – linking Lhasa in Tibet with Golmund; nicknamed Qing-1
  • Manufacturing hub of world
  • Third largest economy
  • King Bhumibol Adulyadej completes 60 years in power, world’s longest reigning monarch
  • Thaksin Shinawatra deposed as PM in a military coup
  • Abhisit Vejjajiva new PM
  • Bangkok – capital, Baht - currency
  • Never colonised
myanmar stratocracy
Myanmar - Stratocracy
  • General Than Shwe – Leader No.1, visited India in 2006
  • Aung San Suu Kyi – pro-democracy leader under house arrest since 1990
  • Capital moved from Yangon to Pyinmana (aka Naypyidaw)
  • 32.7% of BPL population
  • Ruled by army since 1948
sri lanka bhutan
Sri Lanka / Bhutan
  • Mahinda Rajapakse – Prez
  • Peace talks between SL government and the LTTE were brokered by NORWAY
  • Bhutan - world’s first no-smoking country
  • King Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck is the Chief of State since Dec., 2006
  • First democratic elections held in Bhutan in March 2008
  • Prime minister Jigme Thinley of Bhutan since April 2008
pakistan first islamic republic
Pakistan - First Islamic Republic
  • Asif Ali Zardari – Prez; Yusuf Raza Gilani – PM
  • Balochistan leader, Akbar Khan Bugti, killed by Pak military
  • Proposed Iran gas pipeline to India via Pakistan
  • NWFP – stronghold of al-Qaeda & Taliban
  • Sri Lankan cricket team attacked
  • Hamid Karzai – Prez elect
  • NATO forces battling resurgent Taliban in the south
  • Taliban headed by Mullah Omar
  • Durand Line – boundary line with Pak is source of dispute
  • Mahmoud Ahmedinejad – Prez
  • Ayotallah Khameini – Spiritual Head
  • Secret nuclear weapons program
  • World’s 2nd largest gas producer & 4th largest oil exporter
  • Has developed missiles like HOOT, a torpedo; Shahab, Fajr, and Shaegah series.
iraq mesopotamia
Iraq - Mesopotamia
  • Jalal Talabani – Prez; Nuri al-Maliki – PM
  • Saddam gets death penalty for Dujail Massacre (1982)
  • Abu Ayyub al-Masri, al-Qaeda chief in Iraq, successor to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
  • Moqtada al-Sadr – head of Mahdi Army, Shiite militia group
israel world s first jewish state
Israel - World’s first Jewish State
  • Tel Aviv – capital; Knesset – parliament
  • Benjiman Netanyahu– PM
  • Mossad – secret service
  • Owns Barak missile system, supplied to India
  • Is building a Barrier Wall to separate it from Palestinian areas
lebanon jordan
Nicknamed Switzerland of the Middle East

Emile Lahoud – Prez; Fuoad Siniora – PM

Beirut – Capital; Nicknamed Paris of the Middle East

Was a French Colony

Hashemite Kingdom

King Abdullah II – HoS

Lost West Bank to Israel in 1967 War

Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, slain al-Qaeda leader in Iraq, belonged to Jordan

Lebanon Jordan
syria turkey
Bashar al-Assad – Prez

Accused of interference in Lebanon & Iraq

Indicted by UN in killing of former Lebanese PM, Rafiq Hariri

Part of new “Axis of Evil”

Recep T Erdogan – PM

Nicknamed Sickman of Europe

Controversy over Armenian Genocide

Occupies part of Cyprus

Kamal Ataturk made Turkey a fiercely secular country

Sought membership of EU

Syria Turkey
sudan largest african nation
Sudan - Largest African Nation
  • Prez Omar al-Bashir
  • Darfur Genocide – 4 lakh dead over 4 years
  • Janjaweed, Govt-backed Arab Muslim militia against non-Arab Muslims
  • Civil war in the south between Arab Muslims & Christians – Africa’s oldest still running civil war
south africa rainbow nation
South Africa - Rainbow Nation
  • Jacob Zuma new President
  • Second largest HIV infected population after India
  • Desmond Tutu, recipient of Gandhi Peace Prize (’06)
  • Launched centenary of Gandhiji’s launching of Satyagraha Movement in that country
  • 3 capitals - Pretoria (administrative), Bloemfontein (judicial), and Cape Town (legislative)
  • Name of Pretoria changed to Tshwane
  • South Africa is venue for World Cup Soccer 2010
africa in a nutshell
Africain a nutshell
  • Africa Union – HQ at Addis Ababa, 53 members
  • Uganda – Prez is Yoweri Museveni, accused of genocide against Acholi Tribe
  • Operation Atlanta anti-piracy operation off the coast of Somalia
  • 15th NAM summit in Egypt in July 09
  • Libya Muammar Gadaffi’s marathon speech in UNO in September 2009.
brazil 5 th largest country by area
Brazil - 5th largest country by area
  • Luiz Inacio LULA da Silva is Brazil prez again
  • Largest ETHANOL producer
  • Member of BRIC & IBSA
  • Brasilia – Capital (named after a wood type)
  • Rio Di Janeiro to host 2016 Olympics
south america in a nutshell
South Americain a nutshell
  • Venezuela reelected Hugo Chavez as prez
  • Eva Morales is elected Bolivia prez
  • Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) – Marxist militant group in Peru
  • Peru’s prez is Alan Garcia
  • Michelle Bachelet is president of Chile
  • Alberto Fujimori, former President of Peru, sentenced to jail term on charges of corruption
usa 300 million pop
USA - 300 million pop
  • Democratswin control of H of R & Senate
  • Barack Obama first Afro-American to be President
  • Robert Gatesis new defence secretary
  • Hillary Clinton new Secretary of State
  • Largest exporter & importer – overall; biggest seller of military equipment
  • Ben Bernanke – new Federal Reserve chief
  • Refuses to sign Kyoto Protocol & shuns International Criminal Court
  • Sarbanes-Oxley Act – for corporate governance
  • Fence built on U.S. border with Mexico to curb illegal immigration & drugs trade
central america in a nutshell
Central America in a nutshell
  • Panama agrees to a new wider Panama Canal
  • Felipe Calderon is prez of Mexico
  • Daniel Ortega, former Marxist leader, prez of Nicaragua
  • Cuban prez Fidel Castro handed over power to Raul Castro (his brother)
  • Sugar Bowl of the World
europe in a nutshell
Europein a nutshell
  • Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany, is ranked World’s Most Powerful Woman by Forbes
  • Hungary PM Gordon Bajnai
  • Romania & Bulgaria join EU (EU membership - 27)
  • Silvio Berlusconi is the PM of Italy
  • Italy hosted G-8 summit in July 09
  • NATO’s 60 years observed
world trade organisation
World Trade Organisation
  • Successor to the GATT
  • Established on Jan 1, 1995
  • WTO HQ – Geneva, Switzerland
  • DG – Pascal Lamy (France)
  • WTO has 153 members
  • Vietnam is 150th member
international who s who
International - Who’s Who
  • Ban Ki Moon (S. Korea’s foreign minister)succeeds Kofi Annan (Ghana) as new Secretary General of the UN
  • Margaret Chan (China) is new DG of WHO
  • Barack Obama wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • Science fiction writer Arthur Clarke passes away
  • Deep Joshi wins Magsaysay Award
international who s who1
International - Who’s Who
  • Indra Nooyi – PepsiCo CEO, also ranked world’s most powerful business woman
  • Shashi Tharoor – former UN Under Secretary General for Communications & Public Information and now Union Minister of State for External Affairs
  • Tharoor – author of The Great Indian Novel, Riot – A Novel, India: From Midnight to the Millennium, Bookless in Baghdad, & Show Business
international who s who2
International - Who’s Who
  • World Bank – HO at Washington, Prez - Robert Zoellick (US)
  • IMF –HO at Washington, MD – Dominique Strauss Kahn (Germany)
  • ADB – HO at Manila, Prez – Haruhiko Kuroda (Japan)
  • European Commission – HO at Brussels
  • WEF - Founder Chairman Klaus Schwabb (Germany)
business facts figures
Business - Facts & Figures
  • IOC – India’s largest company by revenue
  • RIL –India’s largest company by market capitalisation
  • Toyota – largest auto company
  • Intel – largest chip-maker
  • Diageo – largest spirits company (owns Smirnoff, JW)
  • McDonald’s – largest fast food chain
  • Vodafone – largest mobile company by revenue
  • Bharti Airtel – crosses 11 crore subscribers in India
economy business
Economy / Business
  • HCL acquires Axon
  • 1.6 million employed in IT in India (2007)
  • Mobile number portability to be introduced
  • Provident fund companies can invest 15% of their corpus in shares
  • New Pension Scheme (NPS) launched in April 2009
  • Natco and strides Arcolab are permitted to manufacture generic version of Tamiflu
  • Roche holds patent on Tamiflu
  • G-20 accounts for 90% of global output
  • NCDEX largest agricultural commodity exchange by volume
  • International Finance Reporting Standards to be implemented by companies by April 2011
  • IMF projects GDP growth of 5.4% for India
  • India second largest producer of pepper
  • No.1 in milk production
  • Among the world top producer of Tea
  • Largest coconut producer in world is India
  • Second largest producer of fish
  • Green Revolution a success in rice and wheat
  • India lags behind in production of pulses, oil seeds
  • 11th plan aims at 4% GDP growth rate in agriculture
  • Nandan Nilekani Chairman of Unique Identification Authority (UIA)
  • C. Rangarajan Chairman of Prime Ministers Economic Advisory Council
  • Angela Markel re-elected Chancellor of Germany
  • Mohan Bhagwat new chief of RSS
  • Iran’s President Md. Ahmedinejad denies truth of Holocaust
  • Col. Gadaffi’s marathon speech in UNO
  • President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela wins referendum
  • Ramesh Pokhariyal new Chief Minister of Uttarakhand
  • R. K. Pachauri head of TERI and IGPCC
  • Nobel Prize - Chemistry for Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (Indian American)
  • Nobel Literature - Herta Muller (Romania)
  • Deep Joshi - Magsaysay Award, 2009
  • 2009 Man Booker Prize - Hilary Mantel, (UK)
  • 2009 Man Booker International Prize - Alice Munro (Canada)
  • Castrol 2009 Cricket of Year - Gautam Gambhir
  • 2016 Olympics - Rio De Janiero
  • 2010 FIFA World Cup - South Africa
  • 2014 FIFA World Cup - Brazil
  • 2012 Olympics - London
  • 2011 World Cup Cricket - India / Sri Lanka / Bangladesh
  • 2010 Delhi Commonwealth Games
  • 2010 Delhi World Cup Hockey
important government programmes
Important Government Programmes
  • National Highway Development Programme (NHDP), largest Highway Development Programme ever in India
  • National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (NREGP) target group the rural poor
  • Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA) proposed by former President Abdul Kalam
  • Swarna Jayanti Gramin Swarojgar Yojana (SJSY) replaces Integrated Rural Development Programme
  • Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) 1985 covers Diphteria, Pertusis, Tetanus, Polio,& Tuberculosis
  • Integrated Child Development Programme (ICDP)
  • Bharat Nirman - Rural infrastructure
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) - Urban infrastructure
  • Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP) big boost to power production