Government procurement
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Government Procurement

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Government procurement

(Government Procurement)

.

7


Government procurement

  • 10-15 GDP 20


Government procurement

  • :

  • :


Government procurement

  • : (Government Procurement Agreement)

  • : (Model Law on Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services

  • : (a) APEC Non-Binding Principles on Government Procurement relating to transparency, value for money, open and effective competition, fair dealing, accountability and due process, and non-discrimination; and (b) the APEC Transparency Standard for Government Procurement


Government procurement

  • .

    1. JTEPA

    2.

    - (TAFTA) . -

    (TNZFTA)

    3.

    . ( .

    )


Tafta tnzfta

. TAFTA TNZFTA

  • TAFTA : . TAFTA ( 2005)

  • TNZFTA : . TNZFTA ( 2005)


Government procurement


Government procurement

2.


Government procurement

  • (SMEs)


Government procurement

  • (procuring entity) ()


Government procurement


Government procurement

1.

- - ()

-

-

-

(United Nations

Conference on Trade and Development)


Government procurement

2.

3.

4.


Government procurement

  • (unconditional National Treatment) (Market Access) (Agreement on Government Procurement : GPA) (World Trade Organization : WTO) 5 4


Government procurement

A developing country may negotiate with other participants in negotiations under this Agreement mutually acceptable exclusions from the rules on national treatment with respect to certain entities, products or services that are included in its coverage lists, having regard to the particular circumstances of each case.


Government procurement

  • (offsets) GPA ( XVI:2)

    , a developing country may at the time of accession negotiate conditions for the use offsets, such as requirements for the incorporation of domestic content


Government procurement

GPA XVI:2

- (domestic content)

- (licensing of technology)

- (investment requirement)

- (counter-trade)

- (similar requirements)


Government procurement


Government procurement


Government procurement

GPA

-

-

WTO


Government procurement

-

-


Government procurement


Government procurement

..()

M.Sc. (University of Southampton, England)

-


Government procurement

FTA

- -

JTEPA

- 5 10


Government procurement


Why is liberalizing government procurement important for thailand

Why is liberalizing government procurement important for Thailand?()

Good governance

Good government

mitigate corruption

Ensure tax money spent most efficiently


Corruption an organized crime of the globalized world

Corruption, an organized crime of the globalized world

Corruption poses serious threat to the development of a country and its people.

Corruption causes reduced investment,

Corruption causes lack of respect for the rule of law and human rights,

Corruption leads to undemocratic practices

Corruption lead to diversion of funds intended for development and essential services, affects government's ability to provide basic services to its citizens

Corruption has the greatest impact on the most vulnerable part of a country's population, the poor.


Corruption perception index cpi

Corruption Perception Index(CPI)

RankCountryIndex

20072007

1 Finland 9.4

17 Japan 7.5

20 U.S.A.7.2

4 Singapore 9.3

43 Malaysia5.1

84Thailand3.3

131Philippines 2.5

143Indonesia2.3


Per capita income 2007

Per Capita Income 2007

USA USD45,845.00

Japan USD34,312.00

Singapore USD35,163.00

South Korea USD18,392.00

Malaysia USD6,948.00

Thailand USD3,737.00

IndonesiaUSD1,925.00

PhilippinesUSD1,625.00

VietnamUSD818.00

LaosUSD656.00

CambodiaUSD600.00

MyanmarUSD235.00


6 3 2551

6.3.2551

()


Government procurement

Suvarnabhumi Airport,, 4.62 billion US dollars, 563,000 square meters, 45 million passengers

Beijing airport, terminal 3, 3.8 billlion US dollars, 986,000 square meters, 76 million passengers a year

Hong Kong Check Lap Kok airport, 2.56 billion US dollars,570,000 square meters, 45 million passengers

Shanghai airport, 2 billion dollars, 40 million passengers

Singapore airport, 2.1 billion US dollars, 1.045 million square meters, 77 million passengers a year


Government procurement


Government procurement in fta countries

Government Procurement in FTA countries

USA USD420 billion (14.0)

Australia AUD17 billion (510,000 )

KoreaWon61 trillion (2.1 )

Japan 4.76 trillion yen (1.4)

EU 1,500 billion euro (75)


Wto plurilateral agreement on government procurement

WTO plurilateral agreement on Government Procurement

Parties to the agreement (committee members)

Canada, European Communities (including its 27 member States: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom), Hong Kong China, Iceland, Israel, Japan, Korea, Liechtenstein, Netherlands with respect to Aruba, Norway, Singapore, Switzerland, United States, Bulgaria

Negotiating accession

Albania, Georgia, Jordan, Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Oman, Panama, Chinese Taipei


Government procurement


Transparency

Transparency

(PQ)


Transparency1

Transparency


Accountability due process

Accountability & Due Process

Accountability

(due process)


Value for money

Value for Money

(operating cost) benefit/cost


Open effective competition

Open & Effective Competition

(fair dealing)

PQ (non-discrimination)


Debriefing

Debriefing


Government procurement

Transparency

Value for Money

Open and Effective Competition

Debriefing

Accountability

Due Process


Government procurement


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