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ENSURING SITUATIONAL AWARENESS. THROUGH NET CENTRIC OPERATIONS.

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THROUGH NET CENTRIC OPERATIONS

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Through net centric operations

ENSURING

SITUATIONAL AWARENESS

THROUGH

NET CENTRIC OPERATIONS


Through net centric operations

OVERVIEW1) Wartime Operations & Decision Making2) Imperatives of effective operations3) Situational Awareness: In Context to War4) Network Centric Operations & their Objectives5) A glimpse of Network Centric Operations6) Tenets of NCO7) How NCO Aids SA?8) Challenges in implementation of Net Centric Operations9) Bharat Electronics Limited and Net Centric Operations


Through net centric operations

  • WARTIME OPERATIONS &

  • DECISION MAKING PROCESS

Observe

Situation (al) awareness (SA) is critical to analyze, predict and perform tasks effectively in a dynamic environment.

Orient

Act

Decide


Through net centric operations

IMPERATIVES OF EFFECTIVE OPERATION

  • Seamless and common Situational Awareness for tactical actions by multiple users

  • High level of planning & coordination for Joint operations

  • Detailed information of the resources available at hand for disposal for effective operations along with insight into enemies capabilities

  • Faster response time

FUNDAMENTAL REQUIREMENT

The right information should be delivered to the right place at the right time.


Through net centric operations

Definition

Situational Awareness is “the perception of elements in the environment within a volume of time and space, the comprehension of their meaning and the projection of their status in the near future”. “Endsley”“

Objective

To provide Complete, Accurate, Updated and real time Environmental Perception to facilitate surveillance, planning for effective and efficient offence / defense.

SITUATIONAL AWARENESS: IN CONTEXT TO WAR


Through net centric operations

  • Joint Directors of Laboratories (JDL) Model

Object Refinement

LEVEL1

Situation

Assessment

LEVEL 2

Threat Assessment

LEVEL 3

HCI

Process Refinement

LEVEL 4

DBMS

Support Database

Fusion Database

Pre-processing of Source data

Level 0


Through net centric operations

  • Joint Directors of Laboratories (JDL) Model

SituationAwareness

Object Refinement

LEVEL1

Situation

Assessment

LEVEL 2

Threat Assessment

LEVEL 3

HCI

Process Refinement

LEVEL 4

DBMS

Support Database

Fusion Database

Pre-processing of Source data

Level 0


Through net centric operations

CLASSICAL MODEL

OF SA

SENSORS

FEEDBACK

EVALUATION OF ACTION

ACTION

DOMAIN EXPERTISE

DYNAMIC INFO REF. FOR

SA OVER NETWORK

SITUATIONAL AWARENESS

LEVEL 3

Projection of future

events/status using

applications and

Information database

Decision Making

LEVEL2

Comprehension of

current situation using

applications & persistent information

LEVEL1

Perception creation using sensor I/Ps


Through net centric operations

NETWORK CENTRIC OPERATIONS

Network Centric Operations

Network-centric warfare, also called network-centric operations or net-centric warfare, is a military doctrine or theory of war. These terms have been coined in late 1980s and early 1990s. It seeks to translate an information advantage, enabled by information technology, into a competitive advantage through the robust networking of well informed geographically dispersed forces/resources.

Objective

To enhance combat power by networking sensors, systems, system of systems, decision makers, and shooters to achieve shared situational awareness by effectively linking friendly forces within the battle-space thereby facilitating increase in speed of command, high tempo of operations, greater lethality, increased survivability, and a degree of self-synchronization.


Through net centric operations

Net Centric Operations:- Primary Focus

  • Robust and Quality “information sharing” through reliable networking

  • Enhance “Shared Situational Awareness” through “information sharing”

  • Increase “Mission Effectiveness” through “Shared Situational Awareness”


Through net centric operations

Net Centric Operations:- Primary Focus

  • NCO involves continued development of 2 key capabilities:

  • Net Centric Infrastructure

    • Framework for Reliable transport of Data / Information

    • Bandwidth Allocation

    • Remote Diagnostics

    • Security

    • Network Monitoring and Congestion Control System


Through net centric operations

Net Centric Operations (NCO)

  • NCO involves continued development of 2 key capabilities:

  • Net Centric Information Processing Technology and Exploitation

  • Air Defence System

  • Surveillance System

  • Decision Support System

  • Combat Management System

  • Tactical Data Link System


Through net centric operations

NETWORK CENTRIC OPERATIONS

SENSOR LAYER

COMMAND & CONTROL

ACTOR LAYER


Through net centric operations

TENETS OF NCO

• A robustly networked force improves information sharing.

• Information sharing enhances the quality of information and shared situational awareness.

• Shared situational awareness enables collaboration and self-synchronization, and enhances sustainability and speed of command.

• These, in turn, dramatically increase mission effectiveness


Through net centric operations

GENERAL MISCONCEPTION

The governing principles for a network-centric force have supplanted or are going to replace the time-tested principles of war—mass, objective, offensive, security, economy of force, manoeuvre, unity of command, surprise, simplicity.

FACT

The governing principles of NCO provide added direction for executing military operations in the Information Age.


Through net centric operations

Environment with provision for strike, protection and maneuver

PHYSICAL DOMAIN

Information gathering and processing

NCW

SOCIAL

DOMAIN

INFORMATION DOMAIN

COGNITIVE DOMAIN

Command to forces viz. Action

Decision making on basis of situational awareness


Through net centric operations

ADVANTAGES


Through net centric operations

  • Facilitates INFORMATION SUPERIORITY

  • Generates information advantage through better timeliness, accuracy, and relevance of information.

    • • Increase enemy’s information needs, reduce his ability to access information, and raise his uncertainty.

    • • Assure our own information access through a well networked and interoperable force and protection of our information systems, including sensor systems.

    • • Decrease our own information needs, especially in volume, by increasing our ability to exploit all of our collectors.


Through net centric operations

Facilitates SHARED AWARENESS


Through net centric operations

Fosters SPEED OF COMMAND & DECISION MAKING

Recognize an information advantage and convert it into a competitive advantage by creating processes and procedures otherwise impossible (within prudent risk). This is facilitated by AD missions packages such as Surveillance, Identification, Threat Evaluation followed by Weapon Assignment and Mission Engagement viz. Interception.

• Through battlefield innovation and adaptation, compress decision timelines to turn information advantage into decision superiority and decisive effects with fast communication and dissemination of information over the backbone “The network”

.

ROBUST NETWORK

Risk Management

Interoperable Infrastructure

Centralized Management

Packets

Cycle-time configuration

High Bandwidth

Real-time Collaboration

Dynamic Security


Through net centric operations

Fosters SELF SYNCHRONIZATION AND CO-ORDINATION

Increase the opportunity for low-level forces to operate nearly autonomously and to re-task themselves through exploitation of shared awareness and the commander’s intent.

SITUATIONAL AWARENESS

@

C&C CENTRE

WITH ISSUE OF COMMAND

COMMAND


Through net centric operations

Facilitates Deeper Insight

Expand use of deployable, distributed, and networked sensors, both distant and proximate, that detect actionable information on items of interest at operationally relevant ranges to achieve decisive effects.

  • • Leverage increasingly persistent intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR).

  • • Use sensors as a manoeuvre element to gain and maintain information superiority.

  • • Exploit sensors as a deterrent when employed visibly as part of an overt display of intent.

  • • Enable every weapon platform to be a sensor, from the individual soldier to a satellite.


Through net centric operations

Facilitates High level of Impact Assessment, Re-planning and Action

Exploit the principles of high-quality shared awareness, dynamic self-synchronization, dispersed and de-massed forces, deep sensor reach, compressed operations and levels of war, and rapid speed of command to enable the joint force to swiftly identify, adapt to, and change an opponent’s operating context to one’s advantage.


Through net centric operations

  • CHALLENGES

  • Technical Limitation (Need for seamless connectivity and bandwidth)

  • Operational Limitation (Interpretation of abundant data and information)

  • Strategic Limitation

  • Cultural Limitations

    • Training

    • Doctrine

    • Leadership

  • Intelligence

  • Networked Coalitions

  • Acquisition Reforms


Through net centric operations

BHARAT ELECTRONICS LIMITED

&

NETWORK CENTRIC SYSTEMS


Through net centric operations

BEL CAPABILITIES

GIS Based Advanced Displays & HMI

Tracking

&

Data Fusion

Sensor

Management

Surveillance

Scalability

Multi-tier Information Flow

Combat

Management

Threat Evaluation

Record & Replay

Operational Monitoring

Technical Monitoring with network management and remote diagnostics

Use of Open Standards & Technology

Online Composite Situation Picture Management & Calibration System

Interception

Enhanced Storage Capacity

Identification

Asset Planning

Decision Support System

State-of-art Hardware

Multi-Platform

Persistent Database with online replication

Persistent Database with online replication

Intelligence

Weapon Assignment

Disaster Management along with fault tolerance

Disaster Management along with fault tolerance

Domain Expertise

Domain Expertise

Integration With Legacy Systems

Error Logging

Intelligence

CRM and help desk support

Mission Report

Web based

Interoperability

Automated event archiving

Op Environment Sim

Centralized Authentication

Recovery


Through net centric operations

ADVANTAGES WITH BEL

  • Experienced in development & integration of variety of sensors (ground based to air-borne, mobile to static) with it’s Command & Control Systems due to the core strength in engineering capabilities

  • Knowledge of state-of-art COTS hardware, its evaluation and integration of hardware with in-house developed application software

  • BEL has a well established selection, evaluation & procurement procedure for purchase part (servers, workstations, LAN switches, communication cables, OFCs, rugged industrial computers, communication systems & other electronic devices)

Proven expertise in development of real-time NCO systems based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) & Domain knowledge

CONFIDENTIAL


Through net centric operations

  • In-depth understanding of mil-grade hardware & hardened software for mil-grade applications

  • Experience of commissioning a number of turn-key projects for our customers by providing requirement specific solutions involving customization and tailoring based upon our strength in field of mechanical, electronics and software engineering

  • Knowledge of handling confidential data and algorithms

  • Relatively low cost of development

  • Complete Product Life Cycle Support for intended life

Annual Press Conference 2009


Through net centric operations

THANK YOU

CONFIDENTIAL


Through net centric operations

  • Interoperability:

    • Inter-networking different platforms (systems) for the Same Service

    • Inter-networking and sharing noise-less relevant information across services

    • Identifying which Information possessed by one force is important to others

    • Team Protocol and Interface to sustain Common Situation Picture

  • Synchronization

    • Temporal Synchronization

    • Handling time-delayed data

    • Handling “out-of-sequence” data

  • Technical Challenges in Implementing NCO


Through net centric operations

  • Technical Challenges in Implementing NCO

  • Communication:

    • Communication Data Rate Requirements

    • Reduced need for explicit communication

    • Bandwidth Reduction by Reporting Responsibility assignment

    • Target Designation to another sensor/system

  • Shared SA Devices

    • Shared Display

    • Shared environment

    • Shared GIS, maps, charts

    • Shared Communicating Devices (verbal, non-verbal)

    • Shared Generation and processing of Quality Parameters

    • Resolution of Conflicting information / perception


Through net centric operations

  • Technical Challenges in Implementing NCO

  • Sensor Management:

    • Obtain complimentary, rather than duplicated data

    • Knowledge base creation and deployment related to Sensor limitation, such as blind zone

    • Cooperative Sensor report validation by use of Commercial Database to detect anomaly


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