knowledge issues the good the bad and the ugly
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Knowledge Issues The Good, the Bad and The Ugly. To what extent can human sciences use mathematical techniques to make accurate predictions?. How can we use models to predict crime waves?. Will police crime predictions turn out to be correct?. How can we prevent crime?. ?.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

To what extent can human sciences use mathematical techniques to make accurate predictions?

How can we use models to predict crime waves?

Will police crime predictions turn out to be correct?

How can we prevent crime?

slide3

?

Should we believe paranormal claims?

Does the paranormal exist?

The Sixth Sense

slide4

?

?

Why is Utilitarianism appealing?

Utilitarianism

slide5

?

?

Is swine flu likely to kill millions?

What do we mean by an‘epidemic’?

slide6

?

?

?

The credit crisis

good knowledge issues are
Good Knowledge Issues are:
  • Open questions explicitly about Knowledge per se and not about subject-specific claims
  • Couched in terms of relations between concepts from AoK, WoK and belief, certainty, culture, evidence, experience, explanation, interpretation, intuition, justification, truth, values.
slide9

Theory of Knowledge: Presentation Structure

Real-Life Situation

extraction

Knowledge Issue

(recognized)

slide10

Theory of Knowledge: Presentation Structure

Real-Life Situation

extraction

Knowledge Issue

(recognized)

Knowledge Issue(s)

(developed)

progression

slide11

Theory of Knowledge: Presentation Structure

Real-Life Situation

application

extraction

Knowledge Issue

(recognized)

Knowledge Issue(s)

(developed)

progression

slide12

Theory of Knowledge: Presentation Structure

Other Real-Life

Situation

Real-Life Situation

Other Real-Life

Situation

application

extraction

Knowledge Issue

(recognized)

Knowledge Issue(s)

(developed)

progression

example 1 conspiracy theories what are the strengths and weaknesses of this structure
Example 1

Conspiracy Theories

What are the strengths and weaknesses of this structure?

slide14

Conspiracy

Da Vinci

Code

Why do conspiracy

theories exist?

slide15

Conspiracy

Da Vinci

Code

Why do conspiracy

theories exist?

People believe

what’s

most appealing

Different

Interpretations of

the same facts

Biases affecting

conclusions

drawn

slide16

Conspiracy

Da Vinci

Code

Death of

JFK

Death of

Benazir Bhutto

Why do conspiracy

theories exist?

People believe

what’s

most appealing

Different

Interpretations of

the same facts

Biases affecting

conclusions

drawn

example 2
Example 2

Limits of Science

What are the strengths and weaknesses of this structure?

slide18

Limits of Science

Documentary on

the Large

Hadron Collider

How far is science

limited in finding

out the truth about

reality?

slide19

Limits of Science

Documentary on

the Large

Hadron Collider

Nature of

scientific

method

How far is science

limited in finding

out the truth about

reality?

Definitions of

science

Definition of

reality

slide20

Limits of Science

Documentary on

the Large

Hadron Collider

Colour

illusions

Astronomy

Limits of human

sensory perception

Situations not

amenable to experimentation

Nature of

scientific

method

How far is science

limited in finding

out the truth about

reality?

Problems of

inductive reasoning

Role of

technology in

science

Incompatibility

between scientific

and moral claims

Definitions of

science

Definition of

reality

Differences

between ‘how’ and ‘why’

questions

slide21

Limits of Science

Documentary on

the Large

Hadron Collider

Gödel’s

theorem

Colour

illusions

Astronomy

Limits of human

sensory perception

Situations not

amenable to experimentation

Nature of

scientific

method

Mathematics

Axioms must be

taken for granted

How far is science

limited in finding

out the truth about

reality?

Problems of

inductive reasoning

History

the past is

beyond our grasp

Role of

technology in

science

Human sciences

Human behaviour

is unpredictable

Incompatibility

between scientific

and moral claims

Definitions of

science

Definition of

reality

Differences

between ‘how’ and ‘why’

questions

slide22

Limits of Science

Documentary on

the Large

Hadron Collider

Medicine

HIV treatment

Gödel’s

theorem

Colour

illusions

Astronomy

Limits of human

sensory perception

Situations not

amenable to experimentation

Nature of

scientific

method

Mathematics

Axioms must be

taken for granted

How far is science

limited in finding

out the truth about

reality?

Problems of

inductive reasoning

History

the past is

beyond our grasp

Successes

of science?

Role of

technology in

science

Human sciences

Human behaviour

is unpredictable

Incompatibility

between scientific

and moral claims

Definitions of

science

Definition of

reality

Differences

between ‘how’ and ‘why’

questions

slide23

Limits of Science

Documentary on

the Large

Hadron Collider

Medicine

HIV treatment

Gödel’s

theorem

Colour

illusions

Astronomy

Limits of human

sensory perception

Situations not

amenable to experimentation

Nature of

scientific

method

Mathematics

Axioms must be

taken for granted

How far is science

limited in finding

out the truth about

reality?

Problems of

inductive reasoning

History

the past is

beyond our grasp

Successes

of science?

Role of

technology in

science

Human sciences

Human behaviour

is unpredictable

Incompatibility

between scientific

and moral claims

Definitions of

science

Definition of

reality

Differences

between ‘how’ and ‘why’

questions

example 3 claims in history what are the strengths and weaknesses of this structure
Example 3

Claims in History

What are the strengths and weaknesses of this structure?

slide25

Claims in History

President

Ahmedinejad’s

denial of the

Jewish Holocaust

Description

of Holocaust

Auschwitz

slide26

Claims in History

President

Ahmedinejad’s

denial of the

Jewish Holocaust

Description

of Holocaust

Auschwitz

Under what

circumstances can a

historical claim be

considered valid?

slide27

Claims in History

President

Ahmedinejad’s

denial of the

Jewish Holocaust

Description

of Holocaust

Auschwitz

Importance of history

Understanding the present

Predicting the future

Knowing identity

Other problems:

gaps, language issues,

past interpreted in terms

of present, etc.

Under what

circumstances can a

historical claim be

considered certain?

Why should we care

about historical truth?

Is there a

True history?

Role of bias and

Interpretation in history:

emotion, culture, etc.

Explanation of

the concept of

validity in relation

to historical evidence

slide28

Claims in History

President

Ahmedinejad’s

denial of the

Jewish Holocaust

Description

of Holocaust

Auschwitz

Wall Street crash

Phlogiston

“Witchhunt” of

communists in USA

Importance of history

Understanding the present

Predicting the future

Knowing identity

Other problems:

gaps, language issues,

past interpreted in terms

of present, etc.

Under what

circumstances can a

historical claim be

considered valid?

Why should we care

about historical truth?

Is there a

True history?

Role of bias and

Interpretation in history:

emotion, culture, etc.

Explanation of

the concept of

validity in relation

to historical evidence

slide29

Claims in History

President

Ahmedinejad’s

denial of the

Jewish Holocaust

Description

of Holocaust

Auschwitz

Wall Street crash

Phlogiston

“Witchhunt” of

communists in USA

Validity of claims in

Mathematics and

Science…

Importance of history

Understanding the present

Predicting the future

Knowing identity

Other problems:

gaps, language issues,

past interpreted in terms

of present, etc.

Under what

circumstances can a

historical claim be

considered valid?

Validity of claims

in Art…

Why should we care

about historical truth?

Is there a

True history?

Validity of claims

in Ethics…

Role of bias and

Interpretation in history:

emotion, culture, etc.

Explanation of

the concept of

validity in relation

to historical evidence

slide30

Claims in History

President

Ahmedinejad’s

denial of the

Jewish Holocaust

Description

of Holocaust

Auschwitz

???

Wall Street crash

Phlogiston

“Witchhunt” of

communists in USA

Validity of claims in

Mathematics and

Science…

Importance of history

Understanding the present

Predicting the future

Knowing identity

Other problems:

gaps, language issues,

past interpreted in terms

of present, etc.

Under what

circumstances can a

historical claim be

considered valid?

Validity of claims

in Art…

Why should we care

about historical truth?

Is there a

True history?

Validity of claims

in Ethics…

Role of bias and

Interpretation in history:

emotion, culture, etc.

Explanation of

the concept of

validity in relation

to historical evidence

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