Conjugating –ire Verbs. Conjugating –ire verbs. Now that you have learned the –ARE and -ERE verb families in Italian, you will learn the third verb family of –IRE verbs. The verbs that belong to this family have one thing in common, they have an –IRE ending on the infinitive of the verb.
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Aprire (la finestra)
Offrire (fiori) (bebita)
Seguire (la lezione)
Coprire (il libro)
Servire (il pranzo)
To depart/ to leave
To open (window)
To offer (flowers)(drink)
To sleep (well)
To follow (the lesson)
To cover (the book)
To serve (lunch)
To suffer (a lot)Regular –ire verbs
1. How are the endings of –IRE verbs in the present tense similar to regular –ERE verbs? In what ways are they different?
2. How are they similar to –ARE verbs? In what ways are they different?
Marco ed io dormiamo
Gli studenti seguonoPratica: Conjugate the correct form for each pronoun and translate into English:
1. Partono per Roma oggi i tuoi genitori?
2. Segui tu la lezione in italiano?
3. Offre fiori Michele a Cristina?
4. Soffrono molto i ragazzi?
5. Dormi tu nel letto dopo scuola?
6. Copre Antonio le risposte all’esame?
7. Servite la pizza per la cena tu e la tua familgia?
II. Irregular –IRE verbs:Rule:*Some –ire verbs are irregular and take an –isc before the –ire ending: identify these from other regular –ire verbs by counting back two letters from the –ire infinitive ending and if that letter is a vowel, then it is an irregular –isc verb and takes an –isc, making a new stem, before the regular –ire ending.
Capire (lo spagnolo)
Preferire (parlare inglese)
Punire (ai bambini)
Pulire (la casa)
Spedire (la lettera)
To finish (homework)
To understand (Span.)
To prefer (speak Eng.)
To punish (the kids)
To clean (house)
To send, to mail (letter)
To forbid, prohibitIrregular –ire verbs that take –isc spelling in stem: