Conjugating ire verbs
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Conjugating –ire Verbs. Conjugating –ire verbs. Now that you have learned the –ARE and -ERE verb families in Italian, you will learn the third verb family of –IRE verbs. The verbs that belong to this family have one thing in common, they have an –IRE ending on the infinitive of the verb.

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Conjugating –ire Verbs

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Conjugating ire verbs

Conjugating –ire Verbs


Conjugating ire verbs1

Conjugating –ire verbs

  • Now that you have learned the –ARE and -ERE verb families in Italian, you will learn the third verb family of –IRE verbs.

  • The verbs that belong to this family have one thing in common, they have an –IRE ending on the infinitive of the verb.


How to conjugate ire verbs

How to conjugate –ire verbs

  • To conjugate –ire verbs you must do the following:

    • Figure out if the verb is a regular –ire or an irregular –ire ( –isco) verb

    • Drop the –ire from the verb

    • Add the –ire endings


Regular ire verbs

Partire (per Roma)

Aprire (la finestra)

Offrire (fiori) (bebita)

Dormire (bene)

Seguire (la lezione)

Coprire (il libro)

Servire (il pranzo)

Soffrire (molto)

To depart/ to leave

To open (window)

To offer (flowers)(drink)

To sleep (well)

To follow (the lesson)

To cover (the book)

To serve (lunch)

To suffer (a lot)

Regular –ire verbs


Regular ire endings

Regular –ire endings


Regular conjugations

Regular conjugations


Conjugating ire verbs

1. How are the endings of –IRE verbs in the present tense similar to regular –ERE verbs? In what ways are they different?

2. How are they similar to –ARE verbs? In what ways are they different?


Regular conjugations1

Regular conjugations


Pratica conjugate the correct form for each pronoun and translate into english

Io dormo

Lui parte

Noi soffriamo

Voi servite

Loro aprono

Tu offri

Carlo segue

Maria serve

Marco ed io dormiamo

Gli studenti seguono

Pratica: Conjugate the correct form for each pronoun and translate into English:

  • Io (dormire)

  • Lui (partire)

  • Noi (soffrire)

  • Voi (servire)

  • Loro (aprire)

  • Tu (offrire)

  • Carlo (seguire)

  • Maria (servire)

  • Marco ed io (dormire)

  • Gli studenti (seguire)


Qual e la forma corretta what is the correct form

Qual’e` la forma corretta?What is the correct form

  • Tu__________

  • Tu dormi molte ore

  • You sleep many hrs.

Dormire


Qual e la forma corretta what is the correct form1

Qual’e` la forma corretta?What is the correct form

  • Anna __________

  • Anna apre la porta

  • She opens the door

Aprire


Qual e la forma corretta what is the correct form2

Qual’e` la forma corretta?What is the correct form

  • Marco ed io __________

  • Noi offriamo fiori.

  • We offer gifts.

Offrire


Qual e la forma corretta what is the correct form3

Qual’e` la forma corretta?What is the correct form

  • Le ragazze________

  • Loro partono domani per Napoli

  • They leave tomorrow for Naples.

Partire


Qual e la forma corretta what is the correct form4

Qual’e` la forma corretta?What is the correct form

  • Marco ________

  • Lui soffre molto.

  • He suffers a lot.

Soffrire


Qual e la forma corretta what is the correct form5

Qual’e` la forma corretta?What is the correct form

  • Io ________

  • Io servo il cibo (la cena).

  • I serve the food (dinner).

Servire


Qual e la forma corretta what is the correct form6

Qual’e` la forma corretta?What is the correct form

  • Tu e Luisa ____________

  • Voi coprite le finestre con le tende.

  • You all cover the window with curtains.

Coprire


Qual e la forma corretta what is the correct form7

Qual’e` la forma corretta?What is the correct form

  • Gli studenti________

  • Loro seguono la lezione in classe.

  • They follow the lesson in class.

Seguire


B pratica write out the sentence using the correct form of the verb in italian trans into eng

B. Pratica: Write out the sentence using the correct form of the verb in Italian. Trans. into Eng.

  • (to suffer) Io _________ molto oggi.

  • (to open) Marco ed Anna_______ le lettere dalla loro nonna.

  • (to cover) ______ tu i libri per le classi?

  • (to offer) La professoressa ______ l’auita agli studenti in classe.

  • (to leave) Il mio amico ed io ____ subito con il treno.

  • (to sleep) Mio padre ____ per otto ore ogni notte.


C pratica translate into italian

C. Pratica: Translate into Italian:

  • Signor Serano leaves at 8:00 am.

  • Gianni and Anna open the windows in the spring.

  • The teacher covers the board.

  • You all follow the teacher well.

  • My sister and I sleep a lot every night.

  • She is serving the coffee.

  • Lui parte alle otto di mattina.

  • Loro aprono le finestre nella primavera.

  • Il professore copre la lavagna.

  • Voi seguite il prof. bene.

  • Noi dormiamo molto ogni sera.

  • Lei serve il caffe’.


C pratica answer the following questions in ital

C. Pratica: Answer the following questions in Ital.:

1. Partono per Roma oggi i tuoi genitori?

2. Segui tu la lezione in italiano?

3. Offre fiori Michele a Cristina?

4. Soffrono molto i ragazzi?

5. Dormi tu nel letto dopo scuola?

6. Copre Antonio le risposte all’esame?

7. Servite la pizza per la cena tu e la tua familgia?


Conjugating ire verbs

II. Irregular –IRE verbs:Rule:*Some –ire verbs are irregular and take an –isc before the –ire ending: identify these from other regular –ire verbs by counting back two letters from the –ire infinitive ending and if that letter is a vowel, then it is an irregular –isc verb and takes an –isc, making a new stem, before the regular –ire ending.


Ii irregular ire verbs exs regular ire verbs vs isco verb stem verb stem

II. Irregular –IRE verbs:Exs: Regular –IRE verbs vs. –ISCO: Verb Stem Verb Stem


Irregular ire verbs that take isc spelling in stem

Finire (il compito)

Capire (lo spagnolo)

Preferire (parlare inglese)

Punire (ai bambini)

Suggerire

Obbedire

Pulire (la casa)

Spedire (la lettera)

Costruire

Proibire

To finish (homework)

To understand (Span.)

To prefer (speak Eng.)

To punish (the kids)

To suggest

To obey

To clean (house)

To send, to mail (letter)

To build

To forbid, prohibit

Irregular –ire verbs that take –isc spelling in stem:


Isc verb endings take isc before reg ire endings except noi and voi

-isc verb endings (take –isc before reg. –ire endings except *noi and *voi)


Isc verb conjugation

-isc verb conjugation


Complete the following isc verbs

Complete the following –isc verbs:

  • 1. La mamma _________(punire) ai bambini cattivi.

  • 2. Io ________ (preferire) leggere romanzi.

  • 3. _________ (finire) tu i compiti?

  • 4. Marco ed Anna _____ (capire) molto in italiano.

  • 5. Mia sorella ed io ______ (pulire) la casa per nostra mamma ogni sabato.


Complete the following

Complete the following:

  • 1. Io ____________(aprire) la porta.

  • 2. Tu_____________(finire) la torta.

  • 3. Noi______________(pulire) la camera.

  • 4. Lui ___________ (servire) il pranzo.

  • 5. Voi ________ (capire) bene l’italiano.

  • 6. Loro __________ (spedire) la carta.

  • 7. Maria ________ (partire) con il treno tutti i giorni.


C pratica translate into italian1

C. Pratica: Translate into Italian:

  • The train leaves at 10:00.

  • I obey my parents.

  • My brother sleeps for 8 hours every night.

  • They prefer to play soccer.

  • We mail the letters.

  • Are they serving coffee?

  • My mother cleans the kitchen after dinner.

  • Il treno parte alle dieci.

  • Obedisco ai miei genitori.

  • Mio fratello dorme per otto ore ogni sera.

  • Loro preferiscono giocare a calcio.

  • Spediamo le lettere.

  • Servono il caffe’?

  • Mia madre pulisce la cucina dopo la cena.


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