READER RESPONSE CRITICISM. Assumptions. You can ’ t know for sure what an author intended, and the text itself is meaningless without a reader: the reader ’ s response is what counts.
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Reader Response Criticism encompasses various approaches to literature that explore and seek to explain the diversity (and often divergence) of readers' responses to literary works.
Louise Rosenblatt: "A poem is what the reader lives through under the guidance of the text and experiences as relevant to the text."
"The idea that a poem presupposes a reader actively involved with a text is particularly shocking to those seeking to emphasize the objectivity of their interpretations."
"The reader is active": Rosenblatt.
Fish: "Reading is . . . something you do."
Iser: the reader as an active maker of meaning.
Wayne Booth uses the phrase the implied reader to mean the reader "created by the work."
Iser: the implied reader and the educated reader.
Since the mid-1970s, RRC has evolved into a variety of new forms.
Holland: when we read, we find our own "identity theme" in the text by using "the literary work to symbolize and finally replicate ourselves. We work out through the text our own characteristic patterns of desire."
Nearly every reader supplies personal meanings and observations, making each reader’s experience with a work unique and distinctive from every other reader’s experience with the same work.
The reader responds to the core fantasies and the symbolic groundwork of the text in a highly personal way; while the text contributes material for inner realization which can be shared across consciousnesses (as we share fundamental paradigms, symbols, etc), the real meaning of the text is the meaning created by the individual's psyche in response to the work, at the unconscious level and at a subsequent conscious level, as the material provided by the text opens a path between the two, occasioning richer self-knowledge and realization.