Tourism impact on the environment
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Tourism impact on the environment. Ecological point of view Ecoll-project meeting Estonia 26.09.2007 Sirkka-Liisa Peteri Finland. Landscaping and restoration in northern tourism areas.

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Tourism impact on the environment

Tourism impact on the environment

Ecological point of view

Ecoll-project meeting Estonia

26.09.2007 Sirkka-Liisa Peteri

Finland


Landscaping and restoration in northern tourism areas

Landscaping and restoration in northern tourism areas

Local tourist entrepreneurs still lack suitable plant material, growth substrate and knowledge for sustainable landscaping and restoration.

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Tourism impact on the environment1

Tourism impact on the environment

The surroundings of the built areas are often

disordered and areas of soil erosion are seen in

the natural environment.

Local tourist entrepreneurs have focused on

planning summer recreation activities in order to

attract more tourists.

Responsibility – to prevent the negative impacts of

tourism on nature and to improve the environment at tourist

destinations.

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Ecological point of view

Ecological point of view

  • Why so Important

    • Ecotourism

      • “purposeful travel to natural areas to understand the cultural and natural history of the environment, taking care not to alter the integrity of the ecosystem…

    • Nature as a “fountain” of experiences

      • One of the main reasons to buy a trip to Finland

      • 10 % of tourism income comes from activities

      • Northern nature is vulnerable

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Tourism impact on the environment

How we do it?

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Ecological point of view1

Ecological point of view

  • Legislation

    • Nature protection

    • Consumer protection, discharged environments

  • Sustainable development and green values

    • Strategies based on sustainable development

    • Green values

    • But how about environment protection?

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Tourism impact on the environment

Balance between nature and people?

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Tourism impact on the environment

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Climate is changing

Climate is changing

  • The Tornionjoki River ice break-up dates in 1693-2002

  • Tuomenvirta, H. 2004. Reliable estimation of climatic variations in Finland.Finnish Meteorological Institute, Contributions 43, 82 p.

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Ecological point of view2

Ecological point of view

  • The diversity of all living things at various levels,

  • from ecosystems and habitats, through species and species groups, to gene pools and genetic diversity.

www.ymparisto.fi

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Monitoring and assessment work is focusing only on limited and definable aspects of biodiversity

Monitoring and assessment work is focusing only on limited and definable aspects of biodiversity.  

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


How you know where you are

How you know where you are?

Bottom-

level

Empetrum

Bottom-

level

Mountain gras

Fieldlevel

Name for the area

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Tourism impact on the environment

Environment

analyses

Cut down 2007

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Natural environment

Natural environment

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


New plantations but what kind of plants

New plantations, but what kind of plants?

Trees

Bushes

Fieldplants

Bottom-level

“transition zone”

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Tourism impact on the environment

Landscapetype

Name of the

place

Written into the

environment

program

Friendly road to home

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Different places in tourism areas

Different places in tourism areas

  • 1) constructed, “urban” area, where traditional, ornamental plant material is used,

  • 2) “transition zone” between urban and natural landscape with mixed composition of ornamental and native plant species

  • 3) “natural” landscape where only native plants are growing wild in the area Propagation from local sources are used.

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Tourism impact on the environment

Botanical Gardens

University of Oulu:

Lapland Vocational College

Expertise:

Searching new hardy and

useful plant taxa and origins

Expertise:

Nature knowledge

Horticultural and

practical skills

Local knowledge

Scientific knowledge

Plant collections

Data base for

hardy plants

Tests and experiments

Propagation methods

Selection of hardy plants

Propagation methods

Handbook of northern hardy plants

Plant production

testing

LandscapeLABs

Experiment plots for presenting hardy and

sustainable plant species and methods

Commercial

nurseries

Genebank

activities

Landscape planning and restoration guiding

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


New plants for restoration

New plants for restoration

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


New guide book

New guide book

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Ecological sustainability inside

Ecological sustainabilityinside

  • Environment friendly inputs

  • Saving material, energi and water

  • Re-use ja recycling

  • Planned logistics, minimum pollution

  • Saftyness - handling dangerous things and storing them

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Tourism impact on the environment

Näkökulmia kestävään kehitykseen oppilaitok-sissa (Laininen, Manninen, Tenhunen, 2006)

Ecological sustainability

Arvot

Values

Economical sustainability

Social sustainability

Cultural sustainability

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Restoration in olos mountain

Restoration in Olos mountain

  • After new buildings

Year 1997

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Tourism impact on the environment

Year 2007

Planned and made with students

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Tourism impact on the environment

Plans for future

What is allowed to do?

Take away trees to have better

view to the river?

What kind of trees are suitable

there?

This is one part of cultural

sustainability.

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Cultural environment program

Cultural environment program

  • First you should imagine where you are.

  • What kind of environment this is?

  • Look arround and write down

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Cultural environment program1

Cultural environment program

  • Nature and cultural history of the place

  • the historical meanings

  • the build environment

  • the values of the places

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Cultural environment program2

Cultural environment program

  • Nature and culture today

  • Possibilities to live

  • Instructions for treatments in cultural environment

  • the view / landscape

  • buildings

  • the old places, conservation

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


Cultural environment program3

Cultural environment program

  • Deciding together - recommendations for treatments in one or two years

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


An old tree still smiles what is the story of this tree

An old tree still smiles!What is the story of this tree?

Sirkka Liisa Peteri Lapland Vocational College


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