Seawater desalination market. Problem. 1/3 of world population live in the countries with water shortage problems; according to the experts' forecast this figure will increase to 2/3 by 2025. Water availability and its sanitary state. Extreme risk (less than 50%). High risk.
(less than 50%)
Total water volume on Earth is about 1400 mlnkm3
- distillation(MSF MD MED MVC);
- reverse osmosis (RO);
- electrodialysis (ED);
- congelation (FR);
- ion exchange.
Reverse osmosis is a high-demand method in the market
Multistage Flash Distillation
Given technologies have essential drawbacks:
- high energy intensity;
- environmental hazards during operation of desalination plants;
- high skilled operating staff required.