STAARs Shine Bright On Social Studies Economics
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STAARs Shine Bright On Social Studies Economics. Laura Ewing President/CEO Texas Council on Economic Education www.economicstexas.org www.smartertexas.org [email protected] 713-655-1650. Today STAARs Shine Bright on Social Studies Economics.

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Laura ewing president ceo texas council on economic education www economicstexas org www smartertexas org laura economicstexas org 713 655 1650

STAARs Shine Bright On Social Studies Economics

Laura Ewing

President/CEO

Texas Council on Economic Education

www.economicstexas.org

www.smartertexas.org

[email protected]

713-655-1650


Today staars shine bright on social studies economics

TodaySTAARs Shine Bright onSocial Studies Economics

Yvonne Fernandez, El Paso Branch of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas: Monetary Policy and Entrepreneurship

Laura Ewing, TCEE: Virtual Economics Lessons


Laura ewing president ceo texas council on economic education www economicstexas org www smartertexas org laura economicstexas org 713 655 1650

TCEE

Teaches teachers who teach students who are the future of Texas

Provides interesting hands-on lessons that develop critical thinking skills for students in Economics, Social Studies, Math, and Career/Technical Education classes.


Laura ewing president ceo texas council on economic education www economicstexas org www smartertexas org laura economicstexas org 713 655 1650

This workshop and the accompanying materials are made available to teachers through the generous support of  State Farm and the Council for Economic Education.


Economics challenge

Economics Challenge

  • Fall and Spring Online Testing In Micro, Macro and International Economics

  • Adam Smith Division

    2nd place national champs Bellaire HS 2010/3rd 2012

  • David Ricardo Division 3rd place national champs Plano HS 2010/4th place 2012

  • State competition in Austin


Personal financial literacy challenge

Personal Financial Literacy Challenge

  • Middle and High School

  • Fall and spring online challenges will determine state finalist candidates

  • “State Play-Offs” in Austin with cash awards for two top teams

  • HS national finals at Fed in St. Louis

  • Bellaire HS Houston 2nd in nation 2012


Stock market game investwrite

Stock Market Game ™InvestWrite

Teams of 2 to 5 students

Grades 4 to 12

Cost: FirstLight CU

Legislative Challenge

10 week Student Session


Www economicstexas org

www/economicstexas/org

How Do You Get These Materials?

www.economicstexas.org


Laura ewing president ceo texas council on economic education www economicstexas org www smartertexas org laura economicstexas org 713 655 1650

Select either Browse Economics Concepts

Or

Browse Economics Lessons

Select Grade Band


Laura ewing president ceo texas council on economic education www economicstexas org www smartertexas org laura economicstexas org 713 655 1650

Selected

lesson


Laura ewing president ceo texas council on economic education www economicstexas org www smartertexas org laura economicstexas org 713 655 1650

To Receive VE4.0, Please Complete and Turn In-

1. A Registration form with the date, location and title of the workshop written in at the top of the form.

Your state council on economic education or local center for economic education director has indicated you as someone who has recently attended a training on the use of one of our materials. As such, we would like to know about your experience with both our training and our product. Please take the time to fill out the following survey.

1.Overall, how effective will this publicationbe in helping you plan instruction?

(1 = Useless, 3 = Somewhat Effective, 5 = Very Effective)

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2. 2 evaluation forms with the date, location and title of the workshop written in at the top of the form. The evaluation begins with…


Laura ewing president ceo texas council on economic education www economicstexas org www smartertexas org laura economicstexas org 713 655 1650

Smarter Texas Program

Learning, Earning, Investing and online Gen I Revolution

Hispanic Teacher and Parent Training in PFL

  • The staff development program will include specific English Language Learner strategies as well as lessons on financial literacy. Each teacher will receive for free the Financial Fitness for Life book which includes teacher and student guides for grades K to 12! TCEE will also provide PFL training for parents and students in a weekend or evening program. They will receive a book to take home for them to work through together on financial literacy lessons.

  • This program is made possible from the Council for Economic Education.


Founding leaders and founding documents

Founding Leaders and Founding Documents

Laura Ewing

President/CEO

Texas Council on Economic Education

www.economicstexas.org

www.smartertexas.org

[email protected]

713-655-1650


What role does geography play in

What Role Does Geography Play In…

1. how Texans make a living

2. where people settle


What are the factors of production

What are the factors of production?

1. Land

2. Labor

3. Capital

4. Entrepreneurship


What do you know about the economy of the 13 colonies

What do you know about the economy of the 13 colonies?

  • Write at least three things about the economy of the 13 colonies.

  • Share your answers with a partner.

  • Listen as three students share their answers with the class.


Visual 4 2 of distribution of total colonial trade 1768 to 1772

Visual 4.2: % of Distribution of Total Colonial Trade (1768 to 1772)


Role of property rights

Role of property rights

  • Use these concepts to explain the free enterprise system in colonial America:

  • Property rights

  • Incentives

  • Productive

  • Specialization

  • Trade

  • Global economy

  • Investments

  • profits


Goods and services

Goods and Services

What is the difference?

Good: Service:

Which of the items on the list are goods and which are services?

Rank order: which do you think most important to least important.


What do you know about the us articles of confederation and u s constitution

What do you know about the US Articles of Confederation and U.S. Constitution?

  • Years?

  • Purpose?

  • Authors?

  • Why?


U s constitution

U. S. Constitution

  • First Continental Congress met September 5, 1774 in Philadelphia in response to the Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) passed by Parliament which had punished Boston for the Boston Tea party

    • Agreed to petition King George for redress of grievances

    • 12/13 colonies attended with 56 people (only Georgia, the convict state not included)

  • First CC agreed to meet again next year

  • Shot heard ‘round the world in Lexington 1775


Second continental congress

Second Continental Congress

  • Began meeting in Philadelphia May 1775

  • Organized the war effort

  • Commissioned writing of Declaration of Independence

    When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of God’s Nature entitled them…should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.


Declaration of independence

Declaration of Independence

  • We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness-that to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever any Form of Government because destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government…Right to revolt…after a long train of abuses…

  • List of grievances

  • John Hancock’s signature

  • Written by Thomas Jefferson


Economic problems during the articles of confederation

Economic Problems During the Articles of Confederation

  • Debt

  • Taxation

  • Tariff Battles

  • Military Weakness


A new nation in 1781 one nation or thirteen

A New Nation in 1781: One Nation or Thirteen?

  • Guidelines for the activity:

  • 1. Individually read the problem and the predicting consequences.

  • 2. Succinctly state the problem in one sentence.

  • 3. What do you think the consequences will be?

  • 4. Work in a small group and compare your problem sentences. As a group restate the problem statement.

  • 5. As a group, restate what you predict the consequences will be.

  • 6. Share your answers with the class.


Processing activity on articles of confederation

Processing Activity on Articles of Confederation

  • How did the Articles reflect the wishes of a people vying for less centralized power?

  • What were issues with the Articles?

  • What will happen as a result of the issues?


The u s constitution the rules of the game

The U. S. Constitution: The Rules of the Game

  • What is the role of the government in the U.S. market economy?

  • Constitutional Convention

    • May to September 1787

    • September 17, 1787 is Constitution Day


The u s constitution the rules of the game1

The U. S. Constitution: The Rules of the Game

  • The new nation was in financial crisis.

  • The new states sent 55 leaders to amend the Articles of Confederation.

  • They met from May until September 1787.

  • They quickly learned that they needed to make substantial changes. They wrote a new Constitution based on Adam Smith’s concepts of economic freedom.

  • What were the new rules of the game?


The constitution rules for the economy

The Constitution: Rules for the Economy

  • As you participate in the activity, notice the new rules of the game, why they were established, and the expected outcomes.

  • Read Economic Freedom and the Founders


Rules of the game and you

Rules of the Game and YOU

  • What are three ways that the rules of the game affect you:

  • Economically?

  • Personally?


Texas boomtowns the impact of oil discovery on a community economic vocabulary

Texas Boomtowns: the Impact of Oil Discovery on A Community Economic Vocabulary

demand supply goods and services profit

priceboomtown entrepreneur production


What would life be like if

What would life be like if…

25 new families moved into your neighborhood and every neighborhood in your area?

there were so many more people…what would you need?


Laura ewing president ceo texas council on economic education www economicstexas org www smartertexas org laura economicstexas org 713 655 1650

What do you see in these photos from 1901?

What do you think these photos represent?

Where is Beaumont, Longview?


Spindletop changed rural areas to boomtowns

Spindletop Changed Rural Areas to Boomtowns

Beaumont population grew from 9,000 people to 50,000 in three months.

Breckinridge population went from 600 in 1918 to 30,000 in 1919

February 1931 Longview grew from 5,000 to 10,000 in 2 months

How would their lives have changed????


Goods and services1

Goods and Services

What is the difference?

Good: Service:

Which of the items on the list are goods and which are services?

Rank order: which do you think most important to least important.


Primary sources

Primary Sources

You are going to be in six different groups.

Your group will read one primary source together.

What goods and services are limited in supply?

What factors caused an increased demand for G & S?

What new occupations developed? Why?

Are your lists of important goods and services the same as those 100 years ago? Explain.

What examples of entrepreneurship are there? What are examples of profit motive?


Process

PROCESS

Pretend that you live in a community that will soon have a huge boom in population.

It is a fictional town in the panhandle of Texas in Floyd County. There are 125 people now. You are close to highway 70.

Oil has been discovered and 1000 population is expected within 2 months


Spindletop changed rural areas to boomtowns1

Spindletop Changed Rural Areas to Boomtowns

Share your answers with your expert group.

Switch groups and share what you learned about the new story


Process 2

PROCESS 2

Floyd County: 125 to 1000 population in 2 months

One gas station which sells groceries (mainly milk and bread)

Work in small groups to:

A. List problems

B. What goods and services will they need?

C. Make a list of actions needed to help people deal with population boom.


What is fracking

What is Fracking???

. Please read your section of the article:

http://stateimpact.npr.org/texas/tag/fracking/?gclid=CO7FraGdp7ACFWLktgodhx46Yw

Answer the following questions.

What is fracking?

Where is the fracking taking place?

What are three important points about what is happening

Using the map, what do you notice about locations?


What are the pros and cons of fracking

What are the Pros and Cons of Fracking?

Read your segment of the Eagle Ford Fracking Article and provide pro and con arguments concerning fracking.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-12-20/eagle-ford-drilling-rush-may-boost-texas-tax-revenue-15-fold.html

You will meet with several other students. Each person will explain pros and cons of fracking. Make a list of the pros and cons discussed. Next, choose one pro and one con. Make a list of what you think the next steps should be for these?


Compare beaumont with small towns in texas today with fracking

Compare Beaumont with Small Towns in Texas Today With Fracking?


What in the world is happening economically

What in the World is happening economically?

Texas Council on Economic Education

Laura Ewing

713.655.1650

[email protected]

1801 Allen Parkway, Houston,TX 77019

www.economicstexas.org

www.Smartertexas.org


World cultures economics

World Cultures Economics

(8) Economics. The student understands the factors of production in a society's economy. The student is expected to:

(A) describe ways in which the factors of production (natural resources, labor, capital, and entrepreneurs) influence the economies of various contemporary societies


Laura ewing president ceo texas council on economic education www economicstexas org www smartertexas org laura economicstexas org 713 655 1650

World Cultures Geography

(4) Geography. The student understands the factors that influence the locations and characteristics of locations of various contemporary societies on maps and globes and uses latitude and longitude to determine absolute locations. The student is expected to:

(B) identify and explain the geographic factors responsible for patterns of population in places and regions;

(C) explain ways in which human migration influences the character of places and regions;

(D) identify and locate major physical and human geographic features such as landforms, water bodies, and urban centers of various places and regions


Teks for u s history post reconstruction

TEKS for U.S. History Post Reconstruction

  • (13) Geography. The student understands the causes and effects of migration and immigration on American society. The student is expected to:

  • (A) analyze the causes and effects of changing demographic patterns resulting from migration within the United States, including western expansion, rural to urban, the Great Migration, and the Rust Belt to the Sun Belt; and

  • (B) analyze the causes and effects of changing demographic patterns resulting from legal and illegal immigration to the United States.


Teks for u s history post reconstruction1

TEKS for U.S. HistoryPost Reconstruction

  • (15) Economics. The student understands domestic and foreign issues related to U.S. economic growth from the 1870s to 1920. The student is expected to:

  • (A) describe how the economic impact of the Transcontinental Railroad and the Homestead Act contributed to the close of the frontier in the late 19th century;

  • (C) explain how foreign policies affected economic issues such as the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the Open Door Policy, Dollar Diplomacy, and immigration quotas;


Teks for world history

TEKS for World History

  • (15) Geography. The student uses geographic skills and tools to collect, analyze, and interpret data. The student is expected to:

  • (A) create and interpret thematic maps, graphs, and charts to demonstrate the relationship between geography and the historical development of a region or nation; and

  • (B) analyze and compare geographic distributions and patterns in world history shown on maps, graphs, charts, and models.

  • (16) Geography. The student understands the impact of geographic factors on major historic events and processes. The student is expected to:

  • (C) interpret maps, charts, and graphs to explain how geography has influenced people and events in the past.


Teks for world history1

TEKS for World History

  • (1) History. The student understands traditional historical points of reference in world history. The student is expected to:

  • (F) identify major causes and describe the major effects of the following important turning points in world history from 1914 to the present: the world wars and their impact on political, economic, and social systems; communist revolutions and their impact on the Cold War; independence movements; and globalization.


Teks for geography

TEKS for Geography

  • (5) Geography. The student understands how political, economic, and social processes shape cultural patterns and characteristics in various places and regions. The student is expected to:

  • (A) analyze how the character of a place is related to its political, economic, social, and cultural elements; and

  • (B) interpret political, economic, social, and demographic indicators (gross domestic product per capita, life expectancy, literacy, and infant mortality) to determine the level of development and standard of living in nations using the terms Human Development Index, less developed, newly industrialized, and more developed.

  • (6) Geography. The student understands the types, patterns, and processes of settlement. The student is expected to:

  • (A) locate and describe human and physical features that influence the size and distribution of settlements; and

  • (B) explain the processes that have caused changes in settlement patterns, including urbanization, transportation, access to and availability of resources, and economic activities.


Teks for world geography

TEKS for World Geography

  • (7) Geography. The student understands the growth, distribution, movement, and characteristics of world population. The student is expected to:

  • (A) construct and analyze population pyramids and use other data, graphics, and maps to describe the population characteristics of different societies and to predict future population trends;

  • (B) explain how political, economic, social, and environmental push and pull factors and physical geography affect the routes and flows of human migration;

  • (C) describe trends in world population growth and distribution; and

  • (D) examine benefits and challenges of globalization, including connectivity, standard of living, pandemics, and loss of local culture.


Teks for world geography1

TEKS for World Geography

  • (11) Economics. The student understands how geography influences economic activities. The student is expected to:

  • (A) understand the connections between levels of development and economic activities (primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary);

  • (B) identify the factors affecting the location of different types of economic activities, including subsistence and commercial agriculture, manufacturing, and service industries; and

  • (C) assess how changes in climate, resources, and infrastructure (technology, transportation, and communication) affect the location and patterns of economic activities.


Teks for government

TEKS for Government

  • (6) Economics. The student understands the relationship between U.S. government policies and the economy. The student is expected to:

  • (A) examine how the U.S. government uses economic resources in foreign policy; and


Teks for economics free enterprise

TEKS for Economics/Free Enterprise

  • (4) Economics. The student understands the issues of free trade and the effects of trade barriers. The student is expected to:

  • (A) compare the effects of free trade and trade barriers on economic activities;

  • (B) evaluate the benefits and costs of participation in international free-trade agreements; and


Teks for economics free enterprise1

TEKS for EconomicsFree Enterprise

  • (10) Economics. The student understands key economic measurements. The student is expected to:

  • (A) interpret economic data, including unemployment rate, gross domestic product, gross domestic product per capita as a measure of national wealth, and rate of inflation; and


The demand for immigrants

THE DEMAND FOR IMMIGRANTS

  • EXAMINE AN ECONOMIC MYSTERY AS TO WHY SWEDISH FARMERS MIGHT HAVE COME TO THE U.S. IN 1880

  • STUDY VISUALS TO DETERMINE YOUR ANSWER

  • USE SUPPLY AND DEMAND ANALYSIS TO EXPLAIN WHY THE KING TRIED TO CONVINCE THEM TO RETURN


Why did immigrants come to the u s late 1800 s

Why Did Immigrants Come To The U.S. Late 1800’s?

  • 1865 to 1920 = 28 million + to U.S.

    Sought higher standard of living

    Join family and friends

    Needed jobs due to surplus labor abroad

    Escape religious persecution

    Read advertisements of promises for better life

    Why do you think Swedish immigrants would have abandoned their lands in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to come to the U.S.?


Discuss visual 22 i

DISCUSS VISUAL 22.I

  • Read the advertisement distributed to farmers in Sweden in the 1880’s by representatives of Union Pacific Railroad.

  • RR companies wanted to sell land, establish farmers in west who would sell and buy products distributed by the railroads. RR built ahead of demand.

  • Use visual 22.1 and Activity 22.1 to read and answer the questions in context of the information given.

  • Three rules of economic decision-making include that people:

    • Decide based on the most advantageous combination of costs and benefits

    • Respond to incentives in predictable ways

    • Must deal with the rule of the economic system and their influence on choices and incentives


Visual two

VISUAL TWO

  • REVIEW THE STATISTICS

  • ESTIMATE HOW MANY IMMIGRANTS ARRIVED IN THE U.S. BETWEEN 1871-1920. WHAT HAPPENED IN THE 1870’S AND 1880’S AND 1916-1920 THAT HAD AN IMPACT ON IMMIGRATION?


Reminders

REMINDERS

  • THE MARKETS ALLOCATE SCARCE RESOURCES. WHAT ARE THE SCARCE RESOURCES HERE?

  • WHAT ROLE DO IMMIGRANTS PLAY?

  • WHAT ROLE DO EMPLOYERS PLAY?


Visual 22 2 migration to the united states

VISUAL 22.2: MIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES

  • WHAT MIGHT HAVE BEEN PUSH FACTORS?

  • WHAT MIGHT HAVE BEEN PULL FACTORS?

  • WHAT WERE THE EXPECTED BENEFITS AND COSTS FOR THE SWEDISH FARMERS?

  • IF YOU HAD LIVED THEN, WOULD YOU HAVE MIGRATED TO THE U.S? EXPLAIN.


What caused a return to sweden

WHAT CAUSED A RETURN TO SWEDEN?

  • WHY WOULD SUCCESSFUL SWEDISH FARMERS DECIDE TO RETURN TO SWEDEN?

  • VIEW VISUAL 3

SUPPLY 2

SUPPLY 1

DEMAND


Closure

CLOSURE

  • IN WHAT WAYS CAN IMMIGRATION BE VIEWED AS ACTION TAKING PLACE WITHIN AN INTERNATIONAL MARKET OF BUYERS AND SELLERS?

  • WHY DID IMMIGRANTS COME TO THE UNITED STATES?


Why do people move

Why Do People Move?


Visual 4 1 geographic mobility

Visual 4.1geographic mobility

  • What is significant about each figure and why do you think these changes happened?

  • Figure 1?

  • Figure 2?

  • Figure 3?


Terms

Terms

  • Migration

  • Immigrants

  • Emigrants

  • Benefits

  • Costs

  • Push and Pull


Costs and benefits babysit for 6 00 for unruly kids or be with friends

Costs and benefits?Babysit for $6.00 for unruly kids or be with friends?


Push and pull factors

Push and Pull Factors


Reasons for migration

Reasons for Migration

  • You will be assigned one card from Activity 4.1.

  • You will answer questions on Activity 4.2.

  • Complete the chart based on reading.


And the point is

And the point is?


Places and production

PLACES AND PRODUCTION

SOURCE: GEOGRAPHY

FOCUS ON ECONOMICS


What do these mean

WHAT DO THESE MEAN?

GDP

GNP


Definitions

DEFINITIONS

  • GDP: THE TOTAL MARKET VALUE OF ALL FINAL GOODS AND SERVICES PRODUCED IN AN ECONOMY IN A GIVEN YEAR.

  • GNP: THE TOTAL MARKET VALUE OF ALL FINAL GOODS AND SERVICES PRODUCED BY AN ECONOMY IN A GIVEN YEAR


Why final value

WHY FINAL VALUE?

  • VALUE OF SUGAR, FLOUR, EGGS

  • VALUE OF FINISHED PRODUCT: COOKIES

  • WHY?


Which country is richer

WHICH COUNTRY IS RICHER?

  • COUNTRY A GDP $100,000,000

  • COUNTRY B GDP $200,000,000


Which country is richer1

WHICH COUNTRY IS RICHER?

GDP

  • COUNTRY A $100,000,000

  • COUNTRY B $200,000,000

    POPULATION

  • COUNTRY A = 1,000,000 PEOPLE

  • COUNTRY B = 3,000,000 PEOPLE


Per capita gdp

PER CAPITA GDP

  • THE TOTAL MARKET VALUE PER PERSON OF ALL FINAL GOODS AND SERVICES PRODUCED IN AN ECONOMY IN A GIVEN YEAR.

  • What is U.S?

  • What is Texas GSP?


What is u s gdp vs tx gsp

What is U.S. GDP vs. TX GSP?

  • U.S. 2007 2008 2009 2010

  • $46,459 $47,015 $45,793 $

  • Source: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD

  • 2010 U.S. $47,482

  • #1 DC $174,500

  • # 2 Delaware $ 69,667

  • #24 Texas $ 45,940

  • #50 Idaho $ 34,250

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._states_by_GDP


Activity 1 gdp

ACTIVITY 1: GDP

  • PLEASE READ THE ARTICLE

  • WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF GDP HERE?

  • WHAT ROLE DOES MEASURE OF VALUE PLAY?

  • WHAT IS DOUBLE COUNTING?

  • WHAT ARE FLOW OF PRODUCT APPROACH AND EARNINGS AND COST APPROACH?


Laura ewing president ceo texas council on economic education www economicstexas org www smartertexas org laura economicstexas org 713 655 1650

GDP

  • GDP = C + I + G + (X-M)

  • C = CONSUMERS

  • I = INVESTMENTS

  • G = GOVERNMENT

  • EXPORTS = EXPORTS – IMPORTS

  • U. S. POPULATION IN 1993 = $24,683

  • WHAT DOES GDP NOT TELL US?


What is a choropleth map activity 2

WHAT IS A CHOROPLETH MAP? ACTIVITY 2

WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS?


South american map

SOUTH AMERICAN MAP

  • THE GDP PER CAPITA OF CANADA IS BETWEEN $_____ AND $_____.

  • FOUR COUNTRIES WITH GDP PER CAPITA BETWEEN $15,000 AND $19,999 ARE:

  • THE NATIONS OF SOUTH AMERICA HAVE GDP PER CAPITA BETWEEN $___ AND $___.


How would you set up a

HOW WOULD YOU SET UP A

  • CHOROPLETH MAP OF SOUTH AMERICA? PAGES 58 AND 59

  • ENRICHMENT: CHOOSE A COUNTRY WITH A LOW GDP AND ONE WITH A HIGH GDP. SET UP A CHOROPLETH MAP TO SHOW THE DIFFERENCE. ALSO, VISUALLY DEPICT THE CAUSES OF THESE DIFFERENCES.


Visual 4 1 geographic mobility1

Visual 4.1geographic mobility

  • What is significant about each figure and why do you think these changes happened?

  • Figure 1?

  • Figure 2?

  • Figure 3?


Focus globalization

FOCUS: GLOBALIZATION

migration: Lesson 8


Texas council on economic education

  • 1801 Allen Parkway

  • Houston, TX 77019

  • 713.655.1650

  • www.economicstexas.org

Texas council on Economic education


Vocabulary and concepts

Human capital

Skilled workers

Unskilled workers

Emigration

Immigration

Brain drain

Vocabulary and concepts


Focus let s begin

Why do people migrate?

What are the concerns about immigration?

What are the concerns about emigration?

Focus: let’s begin


Content standards

1. How and why do people react to incentives?

2. What role do incentives play?

3. What determines the income people earn?

Content standards


Objectives

1. Explore economic incentives that lead to migration, both economic and non-economic

2. Describe the difference between skilled and unskilled workers and the effects of immigration on both

3. What are the economic effects of immigration

4. Define/discuss cause and effect of brain drain

5. Illustrate impact of immigration on wages using supply and demand diagram

Objectives


Student focus

1. Do you know anyone who was born in a different country?

2. Was anyone in your family born in a different country?

Student focus


United states nation of immigrants

Melting pot

Salad bowl

US 31 million

born elsewhere

11 % of US population

Define: Emigration & Immigration

Why do people come to the US?

United states: nation of immigrants


Visual 1 u s immigrants by class of admission 2004

What are three facts that you can learn from the chart?

Summarize the point of the chart

Continue looking at the other charts

Visual 1: u.s. immigrants by class of admission, 2004


Why is immigration to us difficult

Why do people need to be related to a citizen or resident?

Why else is it difficult to immigrate?

Why is immigration to us difficult?


Who should be allowed to immigrate to the united states

Doctor

Teacher

Construction worker

Agricultural worker

Computer programmer

Who should be allowed to immigrate to the united states?


Workers

What is the difference between skilled and unskilled workers?

“Most countries have adopted immigration policies that are at least partly based on workers’ occupation or skill level.”

Workers


Visual 2 visas

What is a visa?

What are three facts you can learn from the chart?

How would you summarize the point of the chart?

Visual 2: visas


What are the differences between

Permanent residence status

Temporary Worker Visas

What are the differences between -


Economic reasons for immigration into the united states are

Economic reasons for immigration into the united states are –


What is human capital

What impact do immigration and emigration have on human capital in a market?

Why is human capital important in a global economy?

What role do wages play with immigration?

What is human capital?


Role play 20 minutes

  • You will be assigned a particular role from Activity One. (pages 190 to 195)

  • Follow the instructions on page 188:

    • Play the role but you can improvise

    • Interview 5 people to find out how each has been affected by migration. Would they agree or disagree with laws to limit immigration?

    • As you interview, complete the chart on page 189

    • Summarize the most important statements

    • Decide whether or not each would favor laws to make migration easier.

Role play: 20 minutes


Discussion

Based on what you have learned, discuss who gains and who loses from immigration?

Use these terms as you discuss your answers –

Host country

home, source, native country

Remittances (cards 9 and 14) – transfer

Returnees - reverse immigration

Discussion


Who is helped who is hurt

Why is immigration restricted in the US?

Discuss Visual 3

Why does the United States allow immigration with the “negative” impact displayed on

Visual 3?

Who is helped? Who is hurt?


Unskilled workers

What are the advantages and disadvantages of allowing more unskilled immigrants into the United States?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of skilled workers?

Unskilled workers


Compare and contrast

1. Do you believe that the benefits of immigration by skilled workers are greater than the benefits of immigration by unskilled workers?

How do you contrast the benefits of the immigration of skilled workers with the costs of emigration by skilled workers?

How do you use the term brain drain in your examples?

Compare and contrast


Brain drain

Read Visual 4 and describe the main points

Study Visual 5 and summarize the information

What do you notice about the information in Visual 6?

What is the message in Visual 7?

Brain Drain


Compare and contrast1

The supply and demand of labor in the host country before and after immigration with

The supply and demand of labor in source country before and after emigration

Compare and contrast


Why does the united states

Attract so many workers, both skilled and unskilled?

Offer higher wages than many other countries?

?Why does the United states


Debate

Using topics A, B, and C on page 177, debate the pros and cons of each issue one at a time.

Debate


And the point is1

And the point is?


What in the world were they thinking ideas that changed the word

What in the World Were They Thinking? Ideas That Changed The Word

How did geography, history, government, economics and history impact the thinking and actions of humans? The session will provide teachers with economic based lessons on how natural resources, politics, and historical events impacted decision making.


And the world cultures teks say

And the World Cultures TEKS Say…

6th grade 2(B)  evaluate the social, political, economic, and cultural contributions of individuals and groups from various societies, past and present

WH 1 (B)  identify changes that resulted from important turning points in world history such as the development of farming; the Mongol invasions; the development of cities; the European age of exploration and colonization; the scientific and industrial revolutions; the political revolutions of the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries; and the world wars of the 20th century;


The world geography teks say

The World Geography TEKS Say…

  • (11)  Economics. The student understands the reasons for the location of economic activities (primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary) in different economic systems. The student is expected to:

  • (B)  identify factors affecting the location of different types of economic activities; and

  • (C)  describe how changes in technology, transportation, and communication affect the location and patterns of economic activities.


World geography teks too

World Geography TEKS Too

  • (12)  Economics. The student understands the economic importance of, and issues related to, the location and management of key natural resources. The student is expected to:

  • (B)  analyze how the creation and distribution of resources affect the location and patterns of movement of products, capital, and people; and

  • (C)  evaluate the geographic and economic impact of policies related to the use of resources such as regulations for water use or policies related to the development of scarce natural resources.


U s history teks say

U. S. History TEKS Say…

  • (22)  Science, technology, and society. The student understands the impact of science and technology on the economic development of the United States. The student is expected to:

  • (A)  explain the effects of scientific discoveries and technological innovations such as electric power, the telegraph and telephone, petroleum-based products, medical vaccinations, and computers on the development of the United States;

  • (B)  explain how scientific discoveries and technological innovations such as those in agriculture, the military, and medicine resulted from specific needs


The economics teks say

The Economics TEKS Say…

  • (11)  Economics. The student understands key components of economic growth. The student is expected to:

  • (A)  analyze how productivity relates to growth;

  • (B)  analyze how technology relates to growth; and


The government teks say

The Government TEKS Say…

  • (20)  Science, technology, and society. The student understands the impact of advances in science and technology on government and society. The student is expected to:

  • (A)  analyze the potential impact on society of recent scientific discoveries and technological innovations


Ideas that changed the world concepts

Ideas that changed the worldConcepts

  • Geography

  • Standard of Living

  • Interaction with the physical environment

  • Economics

  • Technological change

  • Productivity

  • Capital goods

  • Human Capital

  • Standard of living


What is productivity

What is productivity?

  • What was The Little Red Hen story about?

  • If it took 8 hours to bake 8 loaves, how many can she bake in 1 hour?

  • 8X = 8 X = 1 loaf of bread

  • Productivity = the amount of good or service a worker can produce in a period of time.


The hen becomes more productive

The hen becomes more productive

  • If the number of workers remains the same, what is needed to increase productivity?

  • Technology and capital goods

  • What are the factors of production?

  • Land or natural resources

  • Labor

  • Capital


Visual 8 1

Visual 8.1

What happened as production increases?

What happens to prices?

What is the impact on standard of living?


Problem solving

Problem solving

  • What problem needed to be solved?

  • Who came up with a solution?

  • What was the solution?

  • How did this solution affect productivity?

    • A. Change in technology?

    • B. New capital good?

    • C. Improve people’s education or health?

  • How did the solution allow people to overcome challenges presented by the physical environment?

  • How did this solution affect people’s stand of living?

  • How did this solution affect people’s quality of life?


Finnish technology award foundation

Finnish technology award foundation

…”Promote people’s quality of life, are based on human values and encourage sustainable economic development”

Who would you nominate based on 8.3 criteria? Why?

Make a poster to present their candidate

Judge each other’s nominations with sticky notes


The candidates are

The candidates are…

  • Double Bubbler

  • Barbed Wire

  • Penicillin

  • Telephone

  • Self-Polishing Steel Plow

  • Dynamite


Assessment

Assessment

  • Brainstorm a list of new inventions

  • Choose one and write a newspaper story and headline about it

  • Paragraph 1

    • Who developed the invention?

    • What does it do or how is it used?

    • When was it developed?

    • Where was it developed?

    • Why was it developed?

  • Paragraph 2

    • How does the invention increase productivity?

    • How does it change the environment or allow people to overcome challenges in the environment?

    • How does it affect the people’s standard of living?

    • How does it improve the quality of life?


Controversy over globalization

What do you know about the pros and cons of Globalization?

Please read your part to yourself. Make a poster that shows your arguments. Draw a picture and list words/phrases that describe your viewpoint. You will hold this up during your presentation.

You will participate in a production in which you will portray your character’s viewpoint and personality. Hold you poster up for all to see.

Controversy over globalization


Controversy over globalization1

Use the chart to jot down notes about the positions that others played.

Discuss the viewpoints in small groups and continue to complete your chart.

Your group will make large protest posters.

What is the point of the lesson?

Controversy Over Globalization


What are sweatshops

What do you look for when you buy clothes and shoes?

Look at your clothes label and determine where your clothes are made.

Using your handout, find and record three different ways to view sweatshops.

Which position best represents you? Why?

What are sweatshops?


Evaluations

Thank you for attending today!

Please complete your 2 evaluations.

Please pick up your VE4 as you leave.

Laura Ewing

Texas Council on Economic Education

1801 Allen Parkway, Houston 77019

713.655.1650

www.economicstexas.org

www.smartertexas.org

Evaluations


Presenter

PRESENTER

  • LAURA EWING

  • TEXAS COUNCIL ON ECONOMIC EDUCATION

  • 1801 ALLEN PARKWAY

    HOUSTON 77019

  • [email protected]

  • WWW.ECONOMICSTEXAS.ORG


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