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1. MARPHLI Values Clarification Workshop Louis Rowitz, PhD
3. MARPHLI The Big Picture Culture surrounds all of us
Culture helps us understand how it is created, embedded, developed, manipulated, managed and changed
Culture defines leadership
Understand the culture to understand the agency and the community
4. MARPHLI A SOCIETY SEPARATED FROM OTHERS BY SPATIAL AND SOCIO-POLITICAL BARRIERS WILL OVER A PERIOD OF T IME DEVELOP A REALATIVELY DISTINCTLVE CULTURE.WILLIAMS, 1951
5. MARPHLI AT A FORMAL LEVEL Culture is a pattern of shared basic assumptions that the group learned as it solved its problems of external adaptation and internal integration that has worked well enough to be considered valid and therefore to be taught to new members as the correct way to perceive, thin and feel in relation to those problems.
6. MARPHLI Culture(Hersey, Blanchard, & Johnson, 1996) Is a set of important understandings that members in a community or agency have in common.
Guides individual and collective behavior.
Consists of basic beliefs, values, and norms.
Influences how decisions are made, the style of leadership and management, and relations and behavior patterns in the organization.
Created through different happenings, rituals and ceremonies, powerful persons, myths and stories
Influenced by the use of material objects and the look and arrangement of physical settings.
7. MARPHLI FOR THE INDIVIDUAL FACING HIS CULTURE [OR COMMUNITY], INSTITUTIONS ARE A SORT OF MAP OR BLUEPRINT OF THE MAIN OUTLINES AND COUNTOURS OF EXPECTED OR OBLIGATORY CONDUCT.WILLIAMS, 1951
8. MARPHLI INSTITUTIONS AND THE VALUES REPRESENT ARE CONTINUALLY BEING REINFORCED, MAINTAINED, CHANGED OR DESTROYED BY THE SHIFTING PATTERNS OF HUMAN THOUGHT AND ACTION.WILLIAMS, 1951
9. MARPHLI A VALUE AN ENDURING BELIEF THAT A SPECIFIC MODE OF CONDUCT OR END-STATE OF EXISTENCE IS PERSONALLY OR SOCIALLY PEREFERABLE TO AN OPPOSITE OR CONVERSE MODE OF CONDUCT OR END-STATE OF EXISTENCE.ROKEACH, 1973
10. MARPHLI VALUES ARE DISCOVERING WHAT I BELIEVE, WHAT I’M WILLING TO FIGHT FOR, AND WHAT IS IMPORTANT TO ME.CHRIS BARRY
11. MARPHLI A VALUE SYSTEM IS AN ENDURING ORGANIZATION OF BELIEFS CONCERNING PREFERABLE MODES OF CONDUCT OR END-STATE EXISTENCE ALONG A CONTINUUM OF RELATIVE PERFORMANCEROKEACH, 1973
12. MARPHLI At every turn we are forced to make choices about how to live our lives. Ideally our choices will be made on the bases of the value we hold.Simon et al 1995
13. MARPHLI How We Get Our Values Inculcation and socialization
14. MARPHLI Values have three components Emotional
15. MARPHLI SHARED VALUES SHOW RESPECT FOR DIVERSITY AND AN AGREEMENT TO AGREE ABOUT THE DOMINANT VALUES IN A COMMUNITY.ROWITZ, 1996
16. MARPHLI AREAS OF CONFUSION AND CONFLICT IN VALUE POLITICS
LOVE AND SEX
PERSONAL TASTE FAMILY
CUTLURE ( ART, MUSIC, ETC..)
17. MARPHLI THE PROMOTION OF NON-CONFORMITY LEADS TO THE PROMOTION OF VALUES THAT WORK AGAINST COMMUNITY COOPERATONI. THIS DOES NOT IMPLY THAT CULTURAL DIVERSITY LEADS TO NON-CONFORMITY.ROWITZ, 1996
18. MARPHLI LEADERSHIP IS TAKING WHAT YOU BELIEVE IN BASED ON YOUR CORE VALUES AND TRANSLATING BELIEFS AND VALUES INTO ACTION.ROWITZ, 1996
19. MARPHLI SEVEN CULTURAL FORCES THAT DEFINE AMERICANS(HAMMOND AND MORRISON, 1996) An insistence on choice
The pursuit of impossible dreams
Obsession with big and more
Impatience with time
Acceptance of mistakes
The urge to improvise
Fixation on what’s new
20. MARPHLI [A VALUE IS] ANY ASPECT OF A SITUATION, EVENT, OR OBJECT THAT IS INVESTED WITH A PREFERENTIAL INTEREST AS BEING “GOOD,” “BAD,” “DESIRABLE,” AND THE LIKE.WILLIAMS, 1951
21. MARPHLI FIVE ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT THE NATURE OF HUMAN VALUES (ROKEACH, 1973) The total number of values that a person possesses I s relatively small.
All men everywhere possess the same values to varying degrees.
Values are organized into value systems.
The antecedents of human values can be traced to culture, society and its institutions, and personality.
The consequences of human values will be manifested in virtually all phenomenon.
22. MARPHLI Nature of Values(Rokeach, 1973) A value is enduring
A value is a belief
A value refers to a mode of conduct or end-state of existence
A value is a preference as well as a conception of the preferable
A value is a conception of something that is personally or socially preferable
23. MARPHLI A GROUP RIDEN BY INTERNAL SECURITIES AND TENSIONS.. TEND TO RAISE ITS THRESHOLD OF TOLERATION FOR NON-CONFORMITY.WILLIAMS, 1951
24. MARPHLI VISIONS ARE MODELS OF SPITTING IN THE WIND IF THEY ARE NOT BUILT ON AN INFRASTRUCTURE OF SHARED CORE VALUES AND COMMITTED LEADERS.ROWITZ, 1996
25. MARPHLI UNIVERSAL HUMAN VALUES
26. MARPHLI UNIVERSAL HUMAN VALUES FOR THE 21ST CENTURY LOVE
RESPECT FOR LIFE
27. MARPHLI OTHER SHARED VALUES COURAGE
RESPECT FOR WOMEN’S PLACE IN SOCIETY
PROTECTION FOR THE ENVIRONMNET
HEALTH PROTECTION (ROWITZ)
29. MARPHLI CORE VALUE OF PUBLIC HEALTHPROMOTE HELATH AND PREVENT DISEASENORMS THAT GUIDE OUR BEHAVIOR ASSESSMENT
30. MARPHLI CORE LEADERSHIP VALUES CHALLENGE THE PROCESS
MODEL THE WAY
INSPIRE A SHARED VISION
ENABLE OTHERS TO ACT
ENCOURAGE THE HEART
31. MARPHLI The values that will drive a public health agency include the following (Adapted from Vaill, 1993 by Rowitz) Personal Values- Reflect the principles of people who work for that agency.
Organizational Values- Reflect the kind of “home” the agency will be for its staff.
Community Values- Reflect the external beliefs of the community in which the agency is located.
32. MARPHLI The values that will drive a public health agency include the following (Adapted from Vaill, 1993 by Rowitz) Economic Values- Reflect the agency’s financial bottom line.
Professional Values- Reflect the beliefs that guide the field of public health.
Sociopolitical Values- Reflect the kind of neighbor the agency will be to its external constituencies.
33. MARPHLI The values that will drive a public health agency include the following (Adapted from Vaill, 1993 by Rowitz) Technological Values- Reflect how the agency will do what it chooses to do.
Transcendental Values- Reflect what the agency means at its core, its soul, and its practice relative to its external constituencies.
Leadership Values- Reflect the philosophy that guide the leadership practices of the agency and its staff.
35. MARPHLI Values Clarification Exercise