inferring the number of contributors to mixed dna profiles
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Inferring the Number of Contributors to Mixed DNA Profiles

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Inferring the Number of Contributors to Mixed DNA Profiles - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 75 Views
  • Uploaded on

Inferring the Number of Contributors to Mixed DNA Profiles. David Paoletti. STR Samples. Each parent contributes one allele Seeing one or two alleles at a locus implies at least one contributor Three or four alleles means at least 2 contributors Etc. Crime Scene Sample.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Inferring the Number of Contributors to Mixed DNA Profiles' - madison


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
str samples
STR Samples
  • Each parent contributes one allele
  • Seeing one or two alleles at a locus implies at least one contributor
  • Three or four alleles means at least 2 contributors
  • Etc.
crime scene sample
Crime Scene Sample
  • What is the actual number of contributors?
  • Counting alleles may be misleading
    • More than 3% of 3 contributor mixtures appear to be from 2 individuals
    • With 4 contributors, 75% or more of the mixtures can appear to originate with fewer individuals
bayesian bottleneck
Bayesian Bottleneck
  • We would like to be able to say something like “There is a 90% chance that this sample contains 3 individuals, not 2”
  • However, we do not know the priors
    • The actual percentage of crime scene samples that have a single contributor, etc
  • Criminals’ self-interest is against helping
create all possible mixtures
Create All Possible Mixtures
  • Using a computer, consider every possible mixture that could have produced the crime scene sample
    • Do this for 2 contributors
    • Compute the probability for each potential mixture (using allele frequencies)
  • Sum up the probabilities for all mixtures
  • We refer to this as the Probabilistic Mixture Model, or PMM
example
Example
  • Call the available alleles at a locus 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
  • Assume 3 contributors, 4 unique alleles, 2 duplicates
  • Assume we’ve chosen the unique alleles to be the alleles 7, 8, 9, 10
  • Assume that as duplicates we’ve chosen 8, 8
  • The probability of seeing this is:

p7•p8•p9•p10•p8•p8 •permutations

= 0.00258 • 0.54381 • 0.11856 • 0.03866 • 0.54381 • 0.54381 • 120

= 0.0002282 = 0.02282%

  • Not very likely, but u = 4 can occur in many different ways (7,8,9,10,7,7), (7,8,9,10,7,8), …, (7,8,9,10,8,8), …, (9,10,11,12,12,12)
comparing probabilities
Comparing Probabilities
  • Repeat for a different number of contributors
  • Compare any two as a likelihood ratio; for example:
what does lr mean
What does LR Mean?
  • Suppose from the previous example that the LR was 25
  • This means that, if the number of contributors is actually 2, it is 25 times more likely to observe this profile than it is if the true number of contributors is 3
verifying this approach
Verifying this Approach
  • Create 2-person mixtures
  • Create 3-person mixtures that appear (by allele counting) to be a mixture of two individuals
adjusting the threshold
Adjusting the Threshold
  • On the previous charts, the decision was based on comparing the likelihood ratio (LR) to a threshold of 1.0
  • Suppose you want to be sure that you’re making the correct decision, and decide that the LR must be higher
pmm demonstration
PMM Demonstration
  • Three profiles from the publicly available FBI Dataset
    • http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/fsc/backissu/july1999/dnaloci.txt
  • Sample ID numbers 2000, 2017, B0670
conclusions
Conclusions
  • The PMM seldom predicts more contributors than the sample contains
  • The PMM is much better than simple allele counting
  • Using cognate frequencies produces better results
future work
Future Work
  • Compare cognate to non-cognate prediction ability
  • Modify the approach for cases where one contributor’s sample is known
  • Combine with other approaches (that use peak height or area) for a consensus decision
tool and contact info
Tool and Contact Info
references
References
  • David R. Paoletti, Travis E. Doom, Michael L. Raymer, and Dan E. Krane, Inferring the Number of Contributors to Mixed DNA Profiles, IEEE-ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics (in preparation)
  • David R. Paoletti, Travis E. Doom, Michael L. Raymer, and Dan E. Krane, Assessing the Implications for Close Relatives in the Event of Similar but Nonmatching DNA Profiles, Jurimetrics, 46(2), Winter 2006, pg. 161–175.
  • David R. Paoletti, Travis E. Doom, Carissa M. Krane, Michael L. Raymer, and Dan E. Krane, Empirical Analysis of the STR Profiles Resulting from Conceptual Mixtures, Journal of Forensic Sciences, 50(6), November 2005, pg. 1361–1366.
  • Bruce Budowle and Tamyra R. Moretti, Genotype Profiles for Six Population Groups at the 13 CODIS Short Tandem Repeat Core Loci and Other PCR-Based Loci, http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/fsc/backissu/july1999/dnaloci.txt
ad