Developmental psych
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DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCH. Agents, such as chemicals & viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development & cause harm? Teratogens Physical & cognitive abnormalties in children caused by pregnant woman’s heavy use of alcohol? Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

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Developmental psych

  • Agents, such as chemicals & viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development & cause harm?

  • Teratogens

  • Physical & cognitive abnormalties in children caused by pregnant woman’s heavy use of alcohol?

  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

  • Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience?

  • maturation

  • Psychologist who studied cognitive development? Piaget

  • A concept or framework that organizes & interprets information?

  • Schema

  • Interpreting our new experience in terms of our existing schemas?

  • Assimilation

  • Adapting our current understanding to incorporate new information?

  • Accommodation

  • Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development:

  • Birth to nearly 2; experiences the world through senses & actions?

  • Sensorimotor

  • 2 to about 6 or 7; represents things with words & images?

  • Preoperational

  • About 7 to 11 years; thinking logically about concrete events?

  • Concrete operational

  • About 12-adulthood; abstract reasoning?

  • Formal operational

  • In the sensorimotor stage of cognitive development, what is the awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived?

  • Object permanence

  • In the preoperational stage, the preoperational child’s difficulty taking another’s point of view?

  • Egocentrism

  • In the concrete operational stage, the principle that properties such as mass, volume, & number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects?

  • Conservation

  • --------------------------------------------------------------

  • An emotional tie with another person?

  • Attachment

  • Psychologist that did the attachment experiment with the monkeys?

  • Harry Harlow

  • An optimal period shortly after birth when an organism’s exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development.

  • Critical period

  • The process by which certain animals for attachments during a critical period very early in life-Konrad Lorenz?

  • Imprinting

  • A parenting style where parens impose rules & expect obedience?

  • Authoritarian

  • A style of parenting where parents submit to their children’s desires?

  • Permissive

  • A style of parenting where parents are both demanding & responsive?

  • Authoritative

  • Term for the transition period from childhood to adulthood?

  • Adolescence

  • Term for the period of sexual maturation?

  • Puberty

  • The body structures that make sexual reproduction possible? (characteristics)

  • Primary sex characteristics

  • The non-reproductive sexual characteristics?

  • Secondary sex characteristics

  • Psychologist who came up with stages of morality?

  • Kohlberg

  • Before the age of 9, where children obey rules to either avoid punishment or gain rewards?

  • Preconventional morality

  • By early adolescence, morality focuses on caring for other and following laws & social rules? Moral Stage?

  • Conventional morality

  • Moral stage where actions are judged “right” because they flow from people’s rights or principles?

  • Postconventional morality

  • Psychologist who came up with psychosocial stages of development?

  • Erik Erikson

  • Upon a light touch on a baby’s foot, his toes spread out. This is the _______reflex.

  • Babinski

  • When a baby feels like it is falling, it’s arms & legs flail out. This is the ______reflex.

  • Moro

  • Which of the following psychologists came up with parenting styles in 1991?

  • Mary Ainsworth, Diana Baumrind, Carol Gilligan

  • Diana Baumrind

  • This psychologist did the study with children called the “strange situation” study .

  • Mary Ainsworth

  • One of Ainsworth’s conclusions was the child would have extreme stress when a parent left the room & resist comfort by them upon their return. This was referred to a __________/____________ attachment.

  • Anxious/ambivilant attachment

  • *** To remember: “strange situation” study .Carol Gilligan developed her own theory of moral development in response to Kohlberg’s theory.Her theory focused on women since Kohlberg’s was created only through interviews with males.***

  • Erikson’s 1 “strange situation” study .st stage of psychosocial development has infants relying on others. So there is ______vs. ________

  • Trust vs. mistrust

  • 2nd stage has a toddler searching for independence or being overly restrained or punished. So there is ________vs. _________

  • Autonomy vs. shame & doubt

  • 3rd stage has taking something on & accomplishing it or not accomplishing it. So there is _________vs. _________.

  • Initiative vs. guilt

  • Stage 4 has competence & achievement or incompetence. So there is ________vs. ________.

  • Industry vs. inferiority

  • Stage 5 (teens-20’s) has an idea of who you are vs. not knowing who you are. So there is ________vs. ________

  • Identity vs. confusion

  • Stage 6 is sharing oneself with another or not making commitments. So there is _________vs. ___________.

  • Intimacy vs. isolation

  • Stage 7 is contributing to later generations or boredom. So there is _________vs. _________

  • Generativity vs. stagnation

  • Stage 8 is life has been good or incomplete. So there is ______vs. ________

  • Integrity vs. despair

  • ---------------------------------------------------------

  • Type of intelligence where accumulated knowledge increases up to old age?

  • Crystallized

  • Type of intelligence where our ability to reason quickly & abstractly decreases slowly up to 75; then rapidly?

  • Fluid

5 stages of freud s psychosexual development
5 stages of Freud’s Psychosexual Development there is _________vs. _________

  • Low psychosexual anxiety?

  • Latency

  • Focus on pleasure sensitive areas of body?

  • Phallic

  • Focuses on bowel & bladder elimination?

  • Anal

  • Maturation of sexual interests

  • Genital

  • Pleasure centers on the mouth-sucking, biting, chewing?

  • Oral

  • According to Freud & his psychosexual stages, if certain issues are not resolved at the appropriate stage, then what can occur?

  • Fixation

  • According to Freud, at any point in which 3 stages could strong conflict result in fixation?

  • Oral, anal, phallic

  • Jamal sucked his thumb until age 8. As an adult, he smokes, chews gum, & is overdependent on others. Psychoanalysts would say Jamal has:

  • An oral fixation

  • If parents take an approach in the anal stage that is too lenient, Freud suggested that an __________ personality could develop in which the individual has a wasteful or destructive personality.

  • Anal- expulsive

  • If parents are too strict or begin toilet training too early, Freud believed that an _______personality develops in which the individual is stringent, orderly, rigid and obsessive.

  • Anal –retentive

  • During the phallic stage, the _________describes a boy’s sexual feelings toward his mother and feelings of jealousy & hatred toward the rival father.

  • Oedipus complex

  • Which female psychologist disputed Freud’s “penis envy” calling it inaccurate & demeaning to women?

  • Carol Gilligan, Karen Horney, Diane Baumrind

Kubler ross stages of death dying
Kubler early, Freud believed that an _______-Ross Stages of Death & Dying

  • Name them.

  • Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance

  • Another to remember: Lev Vygotsky, Russian who studied child development. Said that social environment & cognition combine in a child’s development.