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Contrastive Phonology English-German PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Contrastive Phonology English-German. Plosives. [p] p op, sto p [b] b ed, bom b [t] t ense, cu t [d] d isk, di d [k] c old, ki ck [g] g o, gi g [ ?] uh-oh. [ Q]bu tt er, be tt er. Fricatives. [ f ] f inger, tou gh [v] v ase, ha v e [ T ] th rough, too th [ D ] th at, tee th - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Contrastive Phonology English-German

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Contrastive phonology english german

Contrastive PhonologyEnglish-German


Plosives

Plosives

[p]pop, stop

[b]bed, bomb

[t]tense, cut

[d]disk, did

[k]cold, kick

[g]go, gig

[?]uh-oh

[Q]butter, better


Fricatives

Fricatives

[f]finger, tough

[v]vase, have

[T]through, tooth

[D]that, teeth

[s]swim, kiss

[z]zoo, desire, has

[S]shy, bush

[Z]vision, garage

[h]hat, inhall


Fricatives1

Fricatives

[s][S]

StoneStein

Sparesparen

SlingSchlinge

SnowSchnee

Smellschmecken


German fricatives

German Fricatives

[C]ich, Milch, China

[x]Krach, Bach, doch


Affricates

Affricates

[tS]cheap, match

[dZ]jump, garage

[pf]Pferd, Pfahl

[ts]Zeit, Zunge


Nasals

Nasals

[m]mother, from

[n]nasty, can

[Î]sing, king


Liquids and glides

Liquids and Glides

[ò]road, car

[l]light, ball

[y]you, use

[w]window, what


Classification of consonants

Classification of consonants

  • Voicing

  • Manner of articulation

  • Place of articulation


Voiced voiceless consonants

Voiced – voiceless consonants

[f]father

[v]vase

[s]salt

[z]zoo

[t]tree

[d]door


Manner of articulation

Manner of articulation

Plosives

Fricatives

Affricates

Nasals

Liquids

Glides

[p] [b] [t] [d] [k] [g] [?]

[f] [v] [T] [D] [s] [z] [S] [Z]

[tS] [dZ]

[m] [n] [Î]

[l]

[w] [y] [ò]


Place of articulation

Place of articulation

Bilabial

Labiodental

Interdental

Alveolar

Pala-Alev.

Velar

[p] [b] [m] [w]

[f] [v]

[T] [D]

[t] [d] [s] [z] [n] [l] [ò]

[S] [Z] [tS] [dZ] [y]

[k] [g] [Î] [w]


English consonants

English consonants


German consonants

German consonants


Differences

Differences

  • Only in English:[T] [D] [w]

  • Only in German:[C] [x] [pf] [ts]

  • R-sounds:[r] [R]

  • Latarals:dark vs. light [l]

  • Phonotactics:[z] beginning of word

  • Phonotactics:[?] beginning of word

  • Phonotactics:[b, d, g, v, z, Z, dZ]


Classification of vowels

Classification of vowels

  • height

  • advancement

  • lip rounding

  • tenseness


English tense vowels

English tense vowels

[i]teeth, keep, heat, he, people, money

[ei]gray, okay, hay, bait, great, they

[u]boot, who, too, taboo

[ou]over, boat, grow, though


The great english vowel shift

The Great English Vowel Shift

  • i u

  • aI aU

  • e(e) o(o)

  • E O

  • {

    • a


English lax vowels

English lax vowels

[I]injury, insist, bit, business, hit

[E]bet, reception, head, says, guest, bed

[æ]bat, anger, had, comrade, rally, hat

[U]put, could, butcher, hood, good

[O]caught, bought, core, wrong

[a]father, sergeant, hospital, car

[ö]but, tough, another

[@]among, diet, salary


English diphthongs

English diphthongs

[aI]island, bite, aisle, hide, high, height

[aw]bout, brown, doubt, flower, loud, how

[oI]boy, rejoice, annoy, toy


English diphthongs1

English diphthongs


English vowel chart

English vowel chart


German tense vowels

German tense vowels

[i]Vieh, Igel

[e]Reh, Esel

[E:]gähnen. Ähre

[y]früh, über

[ï]Böhe, Österreich

[u]Kuh, Uhu

[o]Boot, Ofen

[a:]nah, Aachen


German lax vowels

German lax vowels

[I]Kind, Indien

[E]Stern, England

[Y]Fürst

[û]Gehör, örtlich

[U]Sturm

[O]Holm

[a]Halm

[@]bitte


German diphthongs

German diphthongs

[aI]Eis, reiten, Brei

[aw]braun, Auto, Bau

[oI]heute, Euter


German vowel chart

German vowel chart


Phonemes and allophones

Phonemes and allophones

[thOp]topaspirated

[stOp]stopplain

/p t k/→[ph th kh] / #__, V'

[p t k] elsewhere


Contrastive complementary distribution

Contrastive – complementary distribution

[l{k]lack[param]wind

[r{k]rack[irim]name

[lif]leaf[pal]foot

[rif]reef[mal]horse

[l]→[r] / V __ V

[l] elsewhere

[r] →[l] / __#

[r] elsewhere


Aspiration

Aspiration

[thOt]topaspirated

[stOp]stopplain

/p t k/→[ph th kh] / #__, V'

[p t k] elsewhere


Nasalization

Nasalization

[kæn]can

[kãm]come

/V/→[V] / __N

[V] elsewhere


Vowel lengthening

Vowel lengthening

[bE:d]bed

[h{:v]have

/V/→[V:] / __ [+voice]

[V] elsewhere


Flapping

Flapping

[böQr]butter

[bEQr]better

/t/→[Q] / after stressed syllables at thebeginning of an unstressed syllable

[t] elsewhere


Interference

Interference

have[h{f]

come[kam]

leg[lEk]

kill[kIl]

is[Is]

bag[b{k]

bomb[bOmp]

back[b{k]

jump[Zömp]

laugh[laf]

begin[b@gIn]

give[gIf]


Auslautverh rtung

Auslautverhärtung

have[h{v]

come[kam]

leg[lEg]

kill[kIl]

is[Iz]

bag[b{g]

bomb[bOmb]

back[b{k]

jump[Zömp]

laugh[laf]

begin[b@gIn]

give[gIv]


Auslautverh rtung1

Auslautverhärtung

HundHunde

WegWege

tobtoben

BundBünde

buntbunte


German

German

[axt]eight[IC]I

[bux]book[ECt]real

[lOx]hole[sprIC]speak

[ho:x]hoch[lEC@ln]smile

[fluxt]flight[riC@n]smell

[lax@n]laugh[fECt@n]to fence


German1

German

[axt]eight[IC]I

[bux]book[ECt]real

[lOx]hole[sprIC]speak

[ho:x]hoch[lEC@ln]smile

[fluxt]flight[riC@n]smell

[lax@n]laugh[fECt@n]to fence


Exercise 1

Exercise 1

  • Provide the phonetic symbol

  • High front tense unrounded vowel

  • Low back lax unrounded vowel

  • Voiced labiodental fricative

  • Voiceless palatal fricative

  • Voiced velar nasal

[i]

[a]

[v]

[S]

[Î]


Exercise 2

Exercise 2

Provide the articulatory features

  • [z]

  • [dZ]

  • [y]

  • [I]

  • [U]

Voiced, alveolar, fricative

Voiced, palatal-alveolar, affricate

Voiced, palatal, glide

High, front, lax, unrounded

High, back, lax rounded


Exercise 3

Exercise 3

Identify the common articulatory features

  • [k, Î, g, x]

  • [v, Z, z, D]

  • [w, y]

  • [i, e, o, u]

  • [e, o, O, E]

velar

voiced fricatives

glides

tense vowels

mid vowels


Exercise 4

Exercise 4

Provide the IPA symbol for the first speech sound

  • though

  • easy

  • knife

  • thought

  • contact

[D]

  • judge

  • Thomas

  • physics

  • civic

  • use

[dZ]

[t]

[i]

[f]

[n]

[s]

[T]

[k]

[y]


Exercise 5

Exercise 5

Write in ordinary English

  • [ritS]

  • [rIdZ]

  • [kaIt]

  • [{ktSn]

  • [T{Îks]

  • [Sules]

reach

ridge

kite

action

thanks

shoelace


Exercise 5 italian

Exercise 5 (Italian)

[faÎgo]mud[tinta]dye

[tEnda]tent[tEÎgo]I keep

[tiÎgo]I dye[fuÎgo]mushroom

[nero]black[byaÎka]shite

[aÎke]also[dansa]dance

[dZEnte]people[sapone]soap


Exercise 5 italian1

Exercise 5 (Italian)

[faÎgo]mud[tinta]dye

[tEnda]tent[tEÎgo]I keep

[tiÎgo]I dye[fuÎgo]mushroom

[nero]black[byaÎka]shite

[aÎke]also[dansa]dance

[dZEnte]people[sapone]soap


Exercise 7 old english

Exercise 7 (Old English)

[briÎgan]to bring[lUvU]love

[driÎkan]to drink[mannes]mans

[f{st]fast[mo:na]moon

[fi:fta]fifth[ni:xsta]next

[fOlk]folk[Offrian]to offer

[fOnt]font[Ovans]oven

[ha:t]hot[n:on]noon

[hlo:T]troop[ru:x]rough

[TUÎgEn]full grown[l@Îgan]to lengthen

[nixt]night[hr{vn]raven


Exercise 7 old english1

Exercise 7 (Old English)

[briÎgan]to bring[lUvU]love

[driÎkan]to drink[mannes]mans

[f{st]fast[mo:na]moon

[fi:fta]fifth[ni:xsta]next

[fOlk]folk[Offrian]to offer

[fOnt]font[Ovans]oven

[ha:t]hot[n:on]noon

[hlo:T]troop[ru:x]rough

[TUÎgEn]full grown[l@Îgan]to lengthen

[nixt]night[hr{vn]raven


Exercise 7 old english2

Exercise 7 (Old English)

[briÎgan]to bring[lUvU]love

[driÎkan]to drink[mannes]mans

[f{st]fast[mo:na]moon

[fi:fta]fifth[ni:xsta]next

[fOlk]folk[Offrian]to offer

[fOnt]font[Ovans]oven

[ha:t]hot[n:on]noon

[hlo:T]troop[ru:x]rough

[TUÎgEn]full grown[l@Îgan]to lengthen

[nixt]night[hr{vn]raven


Exercise 7 old english3

Exercise 7 (Old English)

[briÎgan]to bring[lUvU]love

[driÎkan]to drink[mannes]mans

[f{st]fast[mo:na]moon

[fi:fta]fifth[ni:xsta]next

[fOlk]folk[Offrian]to offer

[fOnt]font[Ovans]oven

[ha:t]hot[n:on]noon

[hlo:T]troop[ru:x]rough

[TUÎgEn]full grown[l@Îgan]to lengthen

[nixt]night[hr{vn]raven


German2

German

[axt]eight[IC]I

[bux]book[ECt]real

[lOx]hole[sprIC]speak

[ho:x]hoch[lEC@ln]smile

[fluxt]flight[riC@n]smell

[lax@n]laugh[fECt@n]to fence