Feminist and labour movements in hk critical and co constructive
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Feminist and labour movements in HK: critical and co-constructive. Women’’s Empower, Gender Equality and Labour Rights: Transforming the Terrain. Sally Choi Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions 2013-7-30, San Paulo. About myself. outline.

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Feminist and labour movements in hk critical and co constructive

Feminist and labour movements in HK: critical and co-constructive

Women’’s Empower, Gender Equality and Labour Rights: Transforming the Terrain

Sally Choi

Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions

2013-7-30, San Paulo


About myself

About myself


Outline

outline

  • The story of a founder, Ms. Yim of working women association

  • Insights: Critical voices from women’s leaders and the movement

  • The recent campaign against sexual violence at workplace

  • Insights: cooperation between feminist movement and the trade union.

  • Transforming the terrains: internal and external support; individual and collective leadership


Yim yuet lin

YIM YUET LIN

1989 found Hong Kong Women Workers Association (HKWWA)—1st organisation for the rights of women worker


Feminist and labour movements in hk critical and co constructive

A book project for the 15th anniversary of HKWWA

“Factory, Kitchen and Refuse Room: 15 years of Women Workers Movement in HK”


Unions development before 1970s

Unions development Before 1970s

  • Before the 1970s,

  • unions in HK

  • pro-Chinese Community Party (CCP) unions (the leftist),

  • pro-Kuomintang unions (the ruling party of Taiwan at the time, also known as the rightist unions)

  • some unions with a neutral background (such as the civil servants’ unions).

Yim was an electronic factory worker


Rise of social movement in 1980s

Rise of social movement in 1980s

  • 1974 a church based organisation HK Christian Industrial Committee (HKCIC) started intervening labour disputes

  • 1984, HKCIC-Trade union education center

  • 1984, Association for the Advancement of Feminism (AAF) set up

  • Yim joined HKCIC and AAF study groups


Conflicts on maternity leave

Conflicts on maternity leave

Cannot unit all the workers

  • Yim left HKCIC

Not the top priority for advocacy among alliance of labour activists


Feminist and labour movements in hk critical and co constructive

1982

  • Amendment on Employment Ordinance in HK

  • 2/3 paid for 10 weeks maternity leave


Mid 1980s

Mid 1980s


Hkwwa 1989

HKWWA 1989--

Concerning the rights of causal workers which are majority women workers

Mother’s Day action: Caring support and subsidies for workers


Yim women worker leader

Yim-Women worker leader

  • - strong fighter

  • - transforming the labour rights advocacy

  • - transforming the union movement


Women specific union organisation

Women specific union/organisation

  • The reproductive role and contribution of women workers were not well recognised even among unionists in early days.

  • The base and voices of women workers’ association are small but critical.

  • gender specific labour issues and create social discourse


Self organizing cooperation alliance building

Self-organizing->Cooperation -> Alliance building


Women self organised

Women self-organised


Campaign again violence against women at workplace

Campaign againViolence against Women at workplace


Loophole in the law

Loophole in the Law

  • Sex Discrimination Ordinance in 1995 (SDO) prohibit sexual harassment

  • No clause in SDO to prohibit customer conduct sexual harassment against service, goods and facilities providers

  • Employees at service, retail industry are not protected by SDO !


A survey on sexual violence against women at workplace in 2013

A SURVEY ON SEXUAL VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AT WORKPLACE IN 2013

80 % female workers in catering industry encountered sexual harassment at workplace


Sexual violence issuse for dws

Sexual violence issuse for DWs


Outcomes

Outcomes

  • - reform in legislation in 2014

  • - public attention

  • - women’s issues to social issues


Alliance building

Alliance Building


Women s solidarity and capacity building

Women’s solidarity and capacity building

  • provides more opportunities for leadership growth and support for female unionists who committed to integrate gender equality at labour movement.

  • External supports to women unionist in federation


Factors affecting women s situation and ongoing battle

Factors affecting women’s situation and ongoing battle

  • Lack of working hours regulation

  • Collective bargaining


Alliance building for the rights of part time workers

Alliance Building for the rights of part-time workers

Employment Ordinance only cover those with “continuous employment” i.e. being employed for 4 or more consecutive weeks and each week working for 18 or more hours (4-1-18). There is an ongoing campaign to amend the law so to cover part-time and causal workers.


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