Pre and post modification
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Pre and Post modification. Adjectives and Adjective Clauses. In describing nouns, we can put one or more adjectives before the noun and phrases or clauses after it. Adjectives ( 形容詞 ). They are used to describe nouns ( 名詞 ). The common structures are:. 1. Adjectives + Noun

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Pre and post modification

Pre and Post modification

Adjectives and Adjective Clauses


Adjectives

In describing nouns, we can put one or more adjectives before the noun and phrases or clauses after it.

Adjectives (形容詞)

They are used

to describe nouns (名詞)


The common structures are

The common structures are:

1. Adjectives + Noun

e.g. a delinquent(行為不良的) man


The common structures are1

The common structures are:

2. Adjectives + Noun + Preposition + Noun Phrase.

e.g. a destroyed boat inYaumatei Typhoon Shelter.


The common structures are2

The common structures are:

3. Adjectives + Noun + Adjective Clauses

e.g. a difficult job which requires(需要) shift duty.


1 adjectives noun

1. Adjectives + Noun

When we would like to enrich the properties of the noun, using adjectives is the most direct way .

e.g. A blazer (運動夾克)

vsAn ugly blazer

vsAn ugly woolen (毛織) blazer

vsAn ugly woolen school blazer


1 adjectives noun1

1. Adjectives + Noun

An ugly old grey(灰色) moth-eaten(蟲蛀的)

English woolen school blazer


2 adjectives noun preposition noun phrase

2. Adjectives + Noun + Preposition + Noun Phrase

At -- used for points of time ( at 8p.m. )

On-- used for days ( on Monday )

In -- used to indicate periods of time ( in the evening, in August )

-- year (1999 )

For -- from beginning to the end ( for 2 years )


Spatial relationships

O

O

Spatial Relationships

2. Adjectives + Noun + Preposition + Noun Phrase

AT

OFF


Spatial relationships1

Spatial Relationships

2. Adjectives + Noun + Preposition + Noun Phrase

ABOVE

OVER

ON TOP OF

BEHIND

IN FRONT OF

BELOW

UNDER

BENEATH


Spatial relationships2

O

O

Spatial Relationships

2. Adjectives + Noun + Preposition + Noun Phrase

IN

OUT OF

ALONG

AROUND

AMONG

BETWEEN


3 adjectives noun adjective clauses

3. Adjectives + Noun + Adjective Clauses

The adjective clauses are the main parts for the detailed descriptions!

He lent me the computer.

The computer contained a lot of information.


3 adjectives noun adjective clauses1

3. Adjectives + Noun + Adjective Clauses

He lent me the computer. The computer contained a lot of information.

He lent me the computer which contained a lot of information.


3 adjectives noun adjective clauses2

3. Adjectives + Noun + Adjective Clauses

My father works very hard. He is dear to us all.

My father, who is dear to us all, works very hard.

Mr Chan is my uncle. You met him in my house.

Mr Chan, whom you met in my house, is my uncle.


3 adjectives noun adjective clauses3

3. Adjectives + Noun + Adjective Clauses

Mr Leung owns a farm. His son is my classmate.

Mr Leung, whose son is my classmate, owns a farm.

The woman lives in a hut(小屋). Its roof leaks.

The woman lives in a hut, the roof of which leaks.


The end

THE END


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