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Its All About Geography or. Lets talk about Urban Area Boundaries. Ed J. Christopher Midwestern Resource Center Federal Highway Administration 19900 Governors Drive Olympia Fields, IL 60461 708-283-3534 [email protected] [email protected] September 7, 2005. Today.

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Its All About Geography

or

Lets talk about Urban Area Boundaries

Ed J. Christopher

Midwestern Resource Center

Federal Highway Administration

19900 Governors Drive

Olympia Fields, IL 60461

708-283-3534

[email protected]

[email protected]

September 7, 2005


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Today

  • Go Over Some Basics

  • Identify Any Issues

  • Try to Answer Your Questions


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    Handout

    Frequently Asked Questions

    (March 31, 2003 version)

    • o Definitions

  • oMapping UZA and MPA Boundaries

  • oMPO Designations for New Urbanized Areas

  • o Adjustments to Existing MPA Boundaries

  • oDesignation of New TMA’s

  • oImpacts on Plan and TIP

  • oAir Quality Non-Attainment and Conformity

  • oImpact on funding

  • oAdjustments to Urbanized Area Boundary






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    2000 Urbanized

    Based on the preliminary criteria


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    Urbanized Area

    Why is this Important?

    Sets Population Count

    for Money

    to Identify MPOs / TMAs

    What's in – What's Not, but Could be

    x


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    Adjusted Urban

    Why is this Important?

    FEDERALY-Its Not

    -But it was

    Speed Limits

    Road Funding

    Data Reporting

    Functional Classifications

    Billboard Control ???

    For States and MPOs it’s a Whole Different Story


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    MPO Planning Area

    Why is this Important?

    Sets MPO Area of

    Responsibility

    For Planning

    For Programming

    Overall Governance


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    Adjusted UZA vs.. Census UZA

    Lets Look at This

    FEDERALY-Its Not

    -But is it?

    Data Reporting

    Functional Classifications

    Crash Statistics---Mobility Study---FMSCA/NHTSA

    Issue for Data Reporting: Everyone does it different


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    Adjusted UZA vs. Census UZA

    Question Facing

    ALL of Us

    Do we really

    need to have an

    Adjusted Boundary at all?

    SAFETEALU appears to be quiet on this issue from what I can find so far

    Issue for Data Reporting: Everyone does it different


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    Urbanized Area

    How was the Urbanized

    Area Developed, by

    Who and Why?

    The Census Bureau Did It!!!

    With a new Automated, Objective, Deterministic GIS based Process


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    Definition of Urban and Rural

    • Since 1950, Criteria reviewed before each decennial census

    • Revisions reflect desire to improve urban/rural classification

    • Census Bureau identifies and tabulates data for the urban and rural population and territory solely for statistical presentation and comparison


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    Historic Development – Urban/Rural

    • New Criteria for Census 2000

    • March 28, 2001 Federal Register Notice

      • Draft Criteria

      • Substantial Number of Comments

    • July 27, 2001 Federal Register Notice

      • Extended the Comment Period

    • March 15, 2002 Federal Register Notice

      • Final Criteria

    • Federal Register Notices can be obtained at:www.census.gov/geo/www/ua/ua_2k.html


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    Census 2000 Urban/Rural Delineation Process

    • Designed to permit use of GIS software to determine the urban blocks

      • Multi-step Process

      • Eliminates subjectivity

      • Requires uniform information nationwide


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    1990 Urban/Rural Criteria

    Urbanized Areas

    Place or places and adjacent densely settled surrounding territory

    Urban Places

    Incorporated or Census Designated Places outside an urbanized area with a population greater than 2,500 people

    Rural

    Everything else


    Census 2000 urban and rural l.jpg
    Census 2000 Urban and Rural

    • Urbanized Areas (UA)

      • Densely settled core created from block groups or census blocks, and the adjacent densely settled surrounding territory up to 5 miles from the continuously developed core (with a density of 500 people per square mile) that together have a minimum population of 50,000 people.


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    Census 2000 Urban and Rural

    -----------

    • Urban Clusters (UC) -- Urban Place

      • Densely settled core created from block groups or census blocks, and the adjacent densely settled surrounding territory (with a density of 500 people per square mile) that together have a minimum of 2,500 people but fewer than 50,000 people.


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    Major Changes to Urban/Rural Criteria

    • No Grandfathering

      • 2000 UA/UCs delineated from scratch and do not automatically recognized previously existing (1990) urban territory

    • Why?

      • A consistent set of areas

      • Eliminate misinterpretations and errors from previous delineations done clerically that used complex and fairly subjective criteria

      • GIS technology now allows automated delineation


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    Major Changes to Urban/Rural Criteria

    • Reduced Population Density Requirement in Adjoining Territory

      • 500 people per square mile rather than previous 1,000 people per square mile

    • Why

      • Account for common use of “green space”

      • Lessen impact of large census block groups/blocks with an undeveloped portion

      • Qualify areas with mixed land use in the same block


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    Major Changes to Urban/Rural Criteria

    • Jump Distance Increase/Added Hop Concept

      • Jump distance increased from 1.5 to 2.5 miles and added the concept of an unmeasured break called a hop

    • Why

      • Increased jump distance takes into account improved transportation networks and more prevalent use of “green space”

      • Hops connect discontiguous qualifying areas where only a short distance (up to ½ mile) separates them because of parks, schools, and other non-residential land use. (Formalizes past practice)


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    Major Changes to Urban/Rural Criteria

    • Replaced Urban Places with Urban Clusters (UCs)

      • UCs are lesser populated versions of UAs and are delineated using the same criteria in an automated environment

    • Why

      • Use of places introduced bias depending on a state’s annexation and incorporation laws

      • Urban areas are now built from geographic entities objectively and equitably

      • Depict settlement patters in and around areas with a population of 2,500 or more



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    New MPOs (UZA)

    Census UZA Published (May 1, 2002)

    12 Month Gestation Period

    Governance--Bylaws, Membership, Planning Area Developing Work Plan Work with State on TIP

    Three-years out (Oct. 2005)

    Meet All Planning Requirements

    (23 CFR 450)


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    New TMAs (UZA)

    July 8th (2002) Secretary Designated in Federal Register

    TMA Funds Flow Regardless of Designation

    CMS Required within 12 Months (July 2003)

    Three years out--Federal Certification


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    Expanded MPOs & TMAs

    Most Issues are Case by Case

    Could Change Boards

    Revisit Your Bylaws

    MPO Planning Area Adjustments

    Formal Re-designation ???

    Contact: John Humeston 404-562-3667

    All MPA Boundaries should be done by now


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    Adjusted UZA

    Functional Classification

    Handled by States and Responsible Locals

    Agree to “Urban Area” Boundary

    Update Functional Classifications

    Submit through FHWA Divisions

    Major Principal Arterial Changes Approved

    by FHWA HQ

    No Statutory Timeline or DeadlinesBUT…

    Contact: Bob Gorman 202-366-5001


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    Adjusted UZA vs. Census UZA

    Functional Classification

    Adjusted UZA

    Think about what

    is going on with all

    the data that we all

    want and the analysis we want to do!

    1990 UZA 1990 Adjusted UZA

    2000 UZA 2000 Adjusted UZA

    Some Flip Flop


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    HPMS Data Reporting

    At least Update to 2000 Urbanized Area (UZA) or Adjusted UZA and let your FHWA Division know

    ASAP

    Contact: Paul Svercl 202-366-5036


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    Funding and Financial Issues

    New Pop Numbers Used

    CMAQ

    (PL)

    STP Attributable

    FTA—53xx

    Could be changing due to SAFETEALU


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    CMAQ Funding

    Based on county population in non- attainment and maintenance areas

    Adjusted for severity

    Could be changing due to SAFETEALU


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    PL Funding Distribution

    To States

    Based on % of Urbanized Population of nation

    To MPOs

    Based on State formula

    • State Formulas Due Oct 1

    Could be changing due to SAFETEALU


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    STP Attributable Funding

    50% of STP funds to areas based on share of population

    To TMAs based on the percentage of states population

    Further sub allocated based on percentage of each TMA

    Could be changing due to SAFETEALU


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    FTA Issues Continued

    5307 (New TMAs)

    Funds go Directly to Area

    Operating Not Eligible (Note)

    One-percent Must be Enhancements

    5307 (New Under 200K Areas)

    5307 Used Instead of 5311 and Commingled based on trip O/D

    Contact: Mary Martha Churchman 202-366-2053

    Could be changing due to SAFETEALU


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    Outdoor Advertising Requirements

    Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1958 Control of Outdoor Advertising began

    In 1975 Control tied to UZA

    Coordinated with the States (State/Federal agreements)

    Federal Contact: Brian O’Neill 202-366-9881

    Could be changing due to SAFETEALU


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    Where Can I See My Boundaries?

    http://www.gis.fhwa.dot.gov/


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    Where Can I Learn More?

    http://www.edthefed.com/uza.html


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