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Introducing ……. Policy 2419: Regulations for the Education of Students with Exceptionalities PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Introducing ……. Policy 2419: Regulations for the Education of Students with Exceptionalities. Session II Policy 2419-Chapter 4 Identifying Students with SLD and Response to Intervention. Presented by… Linda Palenchar Coordinator Office of Special Programs, Extended and Early Learning. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Introducing ……. Policy 2419: Regulations for the Education of Students with Exceptionalities

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Introducing …….Policy 2419: Regulations for the Education of Students with Exceptionalities


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Session IIPolicy 2419-Chapter 4Identifying Students with SLD and Response to Intervention

Presented by…

Linda Palenchar

Coordinator

Office of Special Programs, Extended and Early Learning


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Identifying Students with Specific Learning Disabilities


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Introducing….Policy 2419: Regulations for the Education of Students with Exceptionalities

http://wvde.state.wv.us/intro2419/


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Office of Special Programs, Extended and Early Learning

http://wvde.state.wv.us/ose/


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Training Components

  • Presentation

  • Supplementary materials

  • Participant notes

  • Policy 2419 (final document or bill

    analysis version)

  • Participant questions and WVDE responses

  • Training Calendar

  • Policy 2419 Training Synopsis

West Virginia Department of Education


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Identifying Students with Specific Learning Disabilities


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Module Contents

  • Definition of Specific Learning Disability

  • Options for Determining SLD

  • Eligibility Committee Members

  • Determining SLD

  • Observation Requirement

  • Written Report Requirements

  • Parent Notice

West Virginia Department of Education


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Definition of SLD p. 32

  • Disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, manifested in an imperfect ability to:

  • Listen, think, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations

West Virginia Department of Education


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Definition of SLD p. 32

  • Includes conditions such as:

    • Perceptual disabilities

    • Brain injury

    • Minimal brain dysfunction

    • Dyslexia

    • Developmental aphasia

West Virginia Department of Education


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Definition of SLD p. 32

  • Does not include learning problems due to:

    • Visual, hearing, or motor disabilities

    • Mental impairment

    • Emotional/behavior disorders

    • Environmental, cultural or economic disadvantage

West Virginia Department of Education


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Definition of SLD p. 33

  • Determinant factor must not be due to:

    • Lack of appropriate instruction in reading, including the essential components of reading instruction (i.e., phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary and comprehension)

    • Lack of appropriate mathematics instruction

    • Limited English proficiency

West Virginia Department of Education


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RTI Implementation Timelines

  • Elementary School – July 1, 2009

  • Middle School – July 1, 2010

  • High School – July 1, 2011

West Virginia Department of Education


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Response to Intervention Defined p. 34

RTI is the practice of

  • Providing high-quality instruction/intervention matched to student needs and

  • Using leaning rate over time and level of performance to

  • Make important educational decisions.(NASDSE, 2005)

West Virginia Department of Education


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3-Tier Model

5%

15%

80%

West Virginia Department of Education


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Tier I p. 34

  • Universal screening of all students

  • Core program instruction in 5 essential components of reading

  • 90 minutes uninterrupted reading block

  • Scientific research-based instruction

  • Differentiated instruction

  • Whole group, small group, literacy stations

West Virginia Department of Education


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Tier II p. 34

  • Progress monitoring of at-risk students

  • Small group instruction in addition to core reading instruction

  • Same ability groups of 3-5 students

  • Programs, strategies, and procedures designed to supplement, enhance and support Tier 1

  • Scientific research-based interventions

West Virginia Department of Education


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Tier III p. 35

  • Intensive, strategic, supplemental instruction

  • Small group intervention beyond the core reading program

  • Same-ability groups of three students or fewer

  • Typically 45-60 min/day

West Virginia Department of Education


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Role of the Interventionistp. 35

An interventionist is an educator who is knowledgeable of scientific research-based strategies and intervention.

IEP implementation is a priority for special educators but unused portions of a caseload may be dedicated to the RTI process.

West Virginia Department of Education


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RTI Eligibility Standardsp. 36

  • Standard 1: Level of Learning

    • Comparison of student’s level of academic performance to same-grade peers

    • Grade level learning experiences, including interventions, based on CSOs

West Virginia Department of Education


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RTI Eligibility Standards p. 37

  • Standard 2: Rate of Learning

    • Sufficient progress to meet grade level standards

    • Ongoing progress monitoring

    • Standard is met if a reasonable rate of progress cannot be projected when provided intervention

West Virginia Department of Education


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1st Grade ORF = 40


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2nd Grade ORF = 90


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2nd Grade ORF = 90

Tier 2


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RTI Eligibility Standards p. 37

  • Standard 3: Exclusion Factors

    • Visual, hearing, or motor disability

    • Mental impairment

    • Behavior/emotional disorder

    • Cultural factors

    • Environmental or economic disadvantage

    • Limited English proficiency

West Virginia Department of Education


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Validating Underachievementp. 38

  • Data demonstrate provision of appropriate general education instruction and intervention

  • Data-based documentation of repeated assessments of achievement at reasonable intervals (i.e., progress monitoring)

West Virginia Department of Education


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Parent Consent

  • Whenever a student is referred for evaluation

  • If, before referral for evaluation, student has not made adequate progress…

    • After appropriate period of time

    • When provided appropriate instruction by qualified personnel

West Virginia Department of Education


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Observation Requirement p. 38

  • Student is observed in his/her learning environment

  • Document student’s academic performance and behavior in areas of difficulty

West Virginia Department of Education


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Observation Requirement p. 38

Group must decide to:

  • Use information from observation done before child was referred for evaluation

    or

  • Have at least one group member conduct observation after student is referred and parent consent obtained

West Virginia Department of Education


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Observation Requirement p. 38

  • For a student less than school age or out of school:

    • Group member must observe student in environment appropriate for a child that age

West Virginia Department of Education


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Evaluation Componentsp. 38

  • Assessment must focus on areas related to the area of difficulty to assist with program planning and instruction

  • Sample assessments for reading problems:

    • Phonological processes

    • Verbal memory

    • Attention

    • Processing speed

    • Orthographical processes

    • Rapid automatic naming

West Virginia Department of Education


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Evaluation Components

The evaluation battery must ultimately be designed to inform and assist with

instructional planning.

West Virginia Department of Education


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Written Report Requirementsp. 39

  • Basis for making the determination

  • Whether the student has a specific learning disability

West Virginia Department of Education


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and

Written Report Requirementsp. 39

  • Relevant observed behavior

  • Educationally relevant medical findings

West Virginia Department of Education


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and

Written Report Requirementsp. 39

  • Whether student does not achieve adequately:

    • For student’s age, or

    • To meet State-approved standards

West Virginia Department of Education


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and

Written Report Requirements p. 39-40

and

b. Student does not make sufficient progress to meet age or State grade-level standards

c. Student exhibits pattern of strengths and weaknesses in performance, achievement, or both, relative to age, State grade-level standards or intellectual development

or

West Virginia Department of Education


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and

Written Report Requirementsp. 40

6.What the group has determined relevant to effects on achievement of:

  • Visual, hearing, or motor disability

  • Mental impairment

  • Emotional/behavior disorder

  • Cultural factors

  • Environmental or economic disadvantage

  • Limited English proficiency

West Virginia Department of Education


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Written Report Requirementsp. 40

  • 7.If student has participated in the RTI process,

  • Instructional strategies used and student-centered data collected; and

  • Documentation that the student’s parents were notified about 3 things…

West Virginia Department of Education


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Parent Notice Requirementsp. 40

  • State’s policies regarding amount and nature of student performance data that would be collected and general education services provided

  • Strategies for increasing child’s rate of learning

  • Parent right to request and evaluation

West Virginia Department of Education


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Dissenting Opinions p. 40

Each group member must certify in writing whether the report reflects the member’s conclusion.

If report does not, member must submit separate written statement of views.

West Virginia Department of Education


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Labeling a child is never a benign action…

West Virginia Department of Education


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For more information contact:

Linda Palenchar

Coordinator

Office of Special Programs,

Extended & Early Learning

(304) 558-2696

lpalench@access.k12.wv.us

West Virginia Department of Education


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Closing

  • Questions

  • Responses to questions submitted will be posted within three business days on the Introducing…Policy 2419 and the OSP websites

  • Evaluation

West Virginia Department of Education