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An introduction to the Gravity/Fluid correspondence and its applications

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An introduction to the Gravity/Fluid correspondence and its applications

Ya-Peng Hu

College of Science, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,

Nanjing 210016, China

2013.03.28 @ICTS, hefei

A. Introduction

1) AdS/CFT correspondence : a direct realization of the

Holography principle

2) Gravity/Fluid correspondence: long wavelength limit in

AdS/CFT correspondence; fundamental algorithm and procedure

B. The first order dual hydrodynamics via Gravity/Fluid

correspondence in the Gauss-Bonnet gravity

C. Chern-Simons effects in Gravity/Fluid correspondence:

anomalous magnetic and vortical effects

D. Holographic charged fluid at finite cutoffsurface via

Gravity/Fluid correspondence

E. Conclusion and discussion

1) AdS/CFT correspondence : a direct realization of the Holography principle

- Entropy of Black hole: S= f(A); S=A/4
- Holography principle: Gravity in the bulk is equivalent to a gauge theory on the boundary. ‘ t Hooft (‘93), Susskind (‘94)

- AdS/CFT correspondence:
Type IIB string theory on AdS5 × S5 dual to

N = 4 Super-Yang-Mills theory in 3+1 dimensions

- General formalism: In the approximation of classical (super) gravity
: classical (super) gravity action

: boundary values of bulk fields

: dual CFT operators.

2) Gravity/Fluid correspondence

- Long wavelength limit in AdS/CFT correspondence: any quantum field effectively described by hydrodynamics; CFT becomes conformal fluid
- Gravity/Fluid correspondence application: conformal viscous fluid stress tensor can be deduced from the dual gravity (hep-th/0712.2456)
- Stress tensor of viscous fluid with conformal symmetry broken
- Stress tensor of conformal viscous fluid

- Fundamental algorithm and procedure in Gravity/Fluid correspondence:
Black brane solution Boosted black brane solution

Perturbative black brane solution

Boundary stress tensor (or other quantities) in the bulk

Stress tensor (or other quantities) of the dual fluid on the boundary

- For example
Black brane solution

Boosted black brane solution

Perturbative black brane solution

Boundary stress tensor (asymptotical AdS5)

Stress tensor of the dual fluid on the boundary

1) G-B gravity

- G-B gravity: action and equation

2) Solution: 5-dimensional black brane

3) Boosted black brane solution

: boundary coordinates

: boost velocities; constants

: projector onto spatial directions

: raise and lower the indices in boundary

4) Perturbative solution (to first order)

- : slowly varying functions of the boundary coordinates; expanded around
- Correction terms needed
- Coefficients of the first order correction terms

- Perturbative solution to the first order: around
- Perturbative solution to the first order: global; covariant

5) Boundary stress-tensor in the G-B gravity

- Definition

- Explicit expression:
- Non-zero components: Inserting global perturbative metric

6) Stress tensor of the conformal field on the boundary

- Background metric: the dual conformal filed
- Expectation value of the stress tensor of the dual conformal field
- Stress tensor of the dual theory
- Pressure and viscosity

7) Adding the Maxwell field

- Action and solutions

- Temperature and entropy density

- Solution in the Eddington-Finkelstin coordinate system
- Solution in the boosted frame
where

- Perturbative solution: Similar as the case without Maxwell field;
changed; New contents

- Stress tensor of the conformal field on the boundary
- Conserved current of the conformal field on the boundary

1) Maxwell Chern-Simons effect: anomalous magnetic and vortical effects (based on my two papers arXiv:1103.3773 Phys.Rev.D83:126003,2011 and arXiv:1112.4227)

- G-B gravity with Maxwell Chern-simons: action and equations

- Black brane solution
- Black brane Solution in the Eddington-Finkelstin coordinate

- Boosted black brane solution
where

- Perturbative solution

Coefficients expressions

- Stress tensor of the dual fluid on the boundary
- Charged current of the dual fluid on the boundary

- Notes:
Anomalous magnetic and vortical effects:

Charged current non-conserved: triangle anomalies

New term: general case; physical or unphysical?

The other special case:

1) Einstein-Maxwell gravity with Chern-Simons term

2) RN-AdS black brane solution

3) RN-AdS black brane solution in Eddington-Finkelstin coordinate system

New Coordinate Transformation:

4) Boosted RN-AdS black brane solution

: boundary coordinates

: boost velocities; constants

: projector onto spatial directions

: raise and lower the indices in boundary

5) Perturbative solution (to first order)

6) The stress tensor and Charged current of dual fluid

7) Coefficients

Fixed by considering three conditions:

8)Final expressions of the stress tensor and charged current of dual fluid at finite cutoff surface

1) Gravity/Fluid correspondence: long wavelength limit in

AdS/CFT correspondence

2) Fundamental algorithm and procedure in Gravity/Fluid

correspondence

3) Indeed deduce conformal viscous fluid in G-B gravity

4) The ratio of viscosity to entropy density: same as

other methods

5) Entropy density: same as black brane solution

6) Considering Maxwell field in the bulk: dual charged current

in the boundary

7) Chern-Simons effects in Gravity/Fluid correspondence:

Anomalous magnetic and vortical effects;

Hall viscosity;

………

8) The anomalous magnetic and vortical effects

9) New term physical or unphysical?

10) Underlying relation between Topological insulator in

condensate matter and Chern-Simons term?

(PRB78,195424,2008)

11) Near the infinite boundary case: large

12) Entropy density and thermodynamic relations

13) The anomalous coefficients at the cutoff surface:

Comparison at the infinite boundary surface:

14) Non-conformal fluid, zero bulk viscosity?