The league of nations
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Catalysts for Creation. THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS. WWI and the Alliance System Wilson’s Idealism. Modern Economy. Goals of L.O.N. Peace keeping Encourage contact among nations Settle nationalist issues Humanitarian efforts. Doomed to fail? . Unequal Playing field Lack of military force

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THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS

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Catalysts for Creation

THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS

  • WWI and the Alliance System

  • Wilson’s Idealism

  • Modern Economy


Goals of L.O.N.

  • Peace keeping

  • Encourage contact among nations

  • Settle nationalist issues

  • Humanitarian efforts


Doomed to fail?

  • Unequal Playing field

  • Lack of military force

  • Britain and France

  • US did not join


Immediate

EFFECTS OF WWI

  • 10 million soldiers killed

  • RUS – 2 mil

  • GER – 1.3 mil

  • FRA – 1.3 mil

  • GB – 900,000

  • US: 115,000

  • 4 million civilians killed

  • 350 billion dollars


Soviet Union

3. What issues/conflicts are likely to emerge as a result of the new map created in 1919?

2. In what region of Europe did most of the changes take place?


Long Term Effects

1. Destruction of Eastern & Central European Empires

2. Communism in Russia


Long Term Effects

  • --Economic instability:

3. Weakening of Europe

Economic power moves to US & Japan

  • --Unresolved nationalistic issues

  • --Dissent in the colonies:

Forced to make concessions to

non-European areas


Long Term Effects

4. Social & Political Transformations

Women

Monarchies


The World By the 1920’s

  • W. Eur. = Incomplete recovery

    • Negative pol. & econ. patterns arose: Fascism in Italy; crippling tariffs

    • W. Europe’s world econ. dominance fell behind U.S. & Japan

3 Major Patterns


The World By the 1920’s

  • 2. U.S. & Japan = New giants in indust. prod.

3 Major Patterns


The World By the 1920’s

  • 3. Consequential Revolutions in:

    • Mexico

    • Russia

    • China

3 Major Patterns


The World By the 1920’s

  • *Brief period of stability and optimism

    • Germany’s new dem. gov’t promised friendship & coop.

    • Kellogg-Briand Act = outlawed war

    • General econ. prosperity

The Roaring Twenties


The World By the 1920’s

  • *Brief period of stability and optimism

    • Intro. of new consumer items: radios & autos

    • Cultural burst in arts, film, lit.

    • Women achieve voting rights & social freedoms in West.

The Roaring Twenties – cont’d


THE GREAT GLOBAL DEPRESSION – 1930s


Causes

  • German reparations fueled

    Hyperinflation


Causes

2. Overproduction: supply > demand


Causes

3. Excessive expansion of credit


Causes

4. Tariffs = poor domestic economy


Causes

5. Stock market crash & panic


Impact

Western democracies & Japan

  • Who was impacted the most?

  • High unemployment in indust. countries

  • Value of exports drop

  • Bank failures; collapse of credit

  • Extreme political reactions/massive rearmament


GERMANY

ITALY

JAPAN

Failure of a return to Pre- War Government

Failure of Democracy (Weimar Republic)

Failure of a Civilian government

Rise of Nazism

Rise of Fascism

MILITARISM & EXPANSION


Impact

  • Who was not impacted?

USSR

  • Isolated Communist regime

  • Stalin’s 5 year plan

Depression clip


Fascism vs. Nazism

Summary1.Fascism is a term that was originally referred to the fascists of Italy under Mussolini. Nazism on the other hand, though a form of Fascism, referred to as National Socialism, is in an ideological concept of the Nazi Party. (National Socialist German Workers’ Party of Adolf Hitler)

2.For Fascists, the state was the most important element. But Nazism emphasized on racism.

3.While fascism considered state as important, Nazism considered ‘Aryanism’ as more important.


  • Hitler's Germany became known as a fascist state. “Fascist” was originally used to describe the government of Benito Mussolini in Italy. Mussolini's fascist one-party state emphasized patriotism, national unity, hatred of communism, admiration of military values and unquestioning obedience. Hitler was deeply influenced by Mussolini's Italy and his Germany shared many of the same characteristics.

  • The German economic system remained capitalistic but the state played a more prominent role in managing the economy. Industrialists were sometimes told what to produce and what price they should charge for the goods that they made. The government also had the power to order workers to move to where they were required.


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