EU environmental policy. Themes. Climate change Biodiversity Environmental health Sustainable development. Climate change. D ecision of December 2008: approval of a comprehensive package of emission-cutting measures .
= a plan to reducegreenhousegases (atleast 20% by 2020, comparedwith 1990 levels), raiserenewableenergy'sshare of the market (20%) and cutoverallenergyconsumption (by 20%)
= A system rewardingcompaniesthatreducetheir CO2 emissions and penalisesthosethatexceedlimits.
Introducedin 2005,concerns about 12,000 factories and plants responsible for about half the EU’semissions of CO2, the main gasblamed for global warming.
= Limitson the amount of carbondioxideemitted by energy-intensive industries (power generation and steel and cementmakers… and progressivelyother industries such as airlinesand petrochemicalcompanies ).
Companiesemittingmore CO2 thantheirquotahave to buysparepermitsfrom more efficient companies.
Objective: stoppingthe decline of endangeredspecies and habitats in the EU by 2010
- Natura 2000 = a set of areas where plant and animal species and their habitats must beprotected (includesmore than 26,000 sites across the EU)
=> EU countries are required to monitor manydifferentpollutants and to take action if levelsexceedsafelimits.
The internalmarketrequiresconsumer confidence in cross-bordertransactions
=> Consumers must have the right information on products and services, and know they haverightsin case transactions go wrong
=> EU-widerules are created (harmonization) to guaranteeconsumers a samelevel of protection
Transport, electricity and gas, telecommunications and post
Notion of a «universalaccess » to high-quality services ataffordableprices
Canthe objective befullfilledthroughliberalization ?
For financialservices and electroniccommerce:
the Commission has proposedguidelines for good on-line business practices and rules for all aspects of consumer credit and non-cashpayments.