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AMERICAN HISTORY. 1607 – Present Day. Chapter 3, Section 1 The English defeat of the Spanish Armada ended Spanish control of the seas. England could start colonies in North America.

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American history

AMERICAN HISTORY

1607 – Present Day


  • Chapter 3, Section 1

  • The English defeat of the Spanish Armada ended Spanish control of the seas.

  • England could start colonies in North America.

  • In April 1607, ships entered Chesapeake Bay and named their settlement Jamestown to honor their king, King James I.






  • Chapter 3, Section 2 1619.

  • There were two religious groups in England:

    • Anglican Church = Puritans

    • Those who wanted to set up their own church = Separatist/Pilgrims



  • The Separatist are the pilgrims. practice their religion freely.

  • The Mayflower took Pilgrims to settle the Virginia Colony.

  • They stopped at Plymouth due to harsh winter.

  • The Virginia Company laws did not apply in Plymouth.




  • Chapter 3, Section 3 by.

  • New Amsterdam was controlled by the Dutch. New Amsterdam was located in the New Netherland colony. New Netherland was surrendered to the English forces and renamed New York.






Chapter 4 section 1
Chapter 4, Section 1 own government and became the colony of Delaware.

  • Small businesses began popping up around New England colonies.

  • Large towns attracted furniture makers, blacksmiths, and printers. Women made candles and clothing for their families and to trade.






Chapter 4 section 2
Chapter 4, Section 2 to market by boat.

  • The English Bill of Rights was created in 1689. It gave certain basic rights to all citizens.

  • It became part of the English law that American colonists shared.

  • It inspired the creation of the American Bill of Rights.


  • Navigation Act was passed in the 1650s. to market by boat.

  • It controlled the trade of goods between England and the colonies.

  • This prevented them from sending goods like sugar and tobacco anywhere but to England.





  • Royal Colonies were ruled by the king of Great Britain. were free to rule as they wished.

  • Royal colonies included: Georgia, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia.

  • In the colonies most women, servants, poor, and African Americans could not vote. Only white, land owning males.




End Section 2


Chapter 4 section 3
Chapter 4, Section 3 invented the Franklin stove which was a furnace used to help warm houses.

  • The French and British continued to fight as both countries expanded into each others territory.

  • The Native Americans helped the French. The French did not try to take away their land.


  • The Iroquois Confederacy was the most powerful. invented the Franklin stove which was a furnace used to help warm houses.

  • The British and French continued to fight. There was a meeting in Albany, New York to discuss the threat of war.


  • Benjamin Franklin came up with the Albany Plan of Union. invented the Franklin stove which was a furnace used to help warm houses.

  • It would have one government for 11 colonies and would unite them.

  • The colonies did not approve the Albany plan because they did not want to loose power of their colony.


End Section 3


Chapter 4 section 4
Chapter 4, Section 4 of America.

  • The French and Indian War was the beginning of the Seven Year War.

  • William Pitt oversaw the war effort from London.

  • After the French and Indian War the British raised taxes to help with debt.


End Chapter 4, Video Follows


Slave codes
Slave Codes for France.

  • Slave codes are the laws passed in the Southern states that controlled and restricted enslaved people.


Quakers
Quakers for France.

  • Believed that every individual had an “inner light” that could guide him or her to salvation.

  • Believed each person could experience religious truth directly, which meant that church services and officials were unnecessary.

  • Believed everyone was equal in God’s sight.



Chapter 5 section 1
Chapter 5 Section 1 for France.

  • The Sugar Act in 1764 was to try and stop smuggling. They lowered the tax on molasses so that people would buy instead of smuggle.

  • Molasses is a syrup produced from raw sugar.




Chapter 5 section 2
Chapter 5, Section 2 protest the Stamp Act.

  • The redcoats and Bostonians began fighting and the redcoats killed 5 people.

  • The Boston Massacre was on March 5, 1770.


  • Crispus protest the Stamp Act. Attucks was the African American/dockworker that was killed in the Boston Massacre.

  • Colonial leaders used news of the Boston Massacre as propaganda against the British.

  • In 1772, Samuel Adams revived the committee of correspondence.





End Section 2


Chapter 5 section 3
Chapter 5, Section 3 Massachusetts. They felt Boston must pay for the tea they ruined.

  • The Continental Congress met in September of 1774.

  • They challenged British rule.

  • The Congress included Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, George Washington, and others.


  • Colonial troops were called minutemen. Massachusetts. They felt Boston must pay for the tea they ruined.

  • The British, led by Thomas Gage, were getting ready for war.

  • Paul Revere and William Dawes rode to Lexington to warn that the British were coming.





End Section 3


Chapter 5 section 4
Chapter 5 Section 4 Concord had fired the “shot heard around the world”.

  • No notes?

  • Video over Thomas Paine, Declaration of Independence, and the Preamble.


Chapter 6 sections 1 2
Chapter 6, Sections 1 & 2 Concord had fired the “shot heard around the world”.

  • The colonies declared independence from England in July 1776.

  • America’s greatest advantage in the war was their leader, George Washington.


  • Women: Concord had fired the “shot heard around the world”.

    • Margaret Corbin= fought next to husband.

    • Mary Ludwig= Molly the Pitcher (carried water to soldiers).

    • Deborah Sampson= dressed as boy and enlisted to fight.



End Sections 1 & 2


Chapter 6 sections 3 4
Chapter 6 Sections 3 & 4 the winter.

  • Battle of Yorktown was won by the Americans. It was the last battle of the war.

  • It was too costly for the British to continue fighting.


End Section 3 & 4


Chapter 7 section 1
Chapter 7 Section 1 showed that America was an independent nation.

  • Some white men age 21 and older had the right to vote. Some states allowed free African Americans to vote.

  • The states wanted to form a republic government. This is when citizens are elected and citizens rule.






Chapter 7 section 2
Chapter 7 Section 2 must be made stronger.

  • Farmers could not pay their request for money because they were unable to sell their goods.

  • Daniel Shays led the Shays’ Rebellion in which the farmers were fighting to keep judges from taking farm land.


  • Slavery was legal in all Northern states. must be made stronger.

  • Southern plantation owners feared their economy could not survive without slaves.

  • James Madison is often called the Father of the Constitution because he was the author of the basic plan of government.





End Section 2


Chapter 7 section 3
Chapter 7 Section 3 sign the Constitution.

  • Magna Carta placed limits on the power of the monarch.

  • Enlightenment was a movement of the 1700s that promoted knowledge, reason, and science as a means to improve society.




  • Government has 3 braches: government.

  • Legislative Brach: establishes Congress, law making branch (2 senators for each state), makes all laws.


  • Executive Branch: headed by the President, conducts foreign relations. President and Vice President serve 4 year terms.

  • Judicial Branch: court system of the United States, power resides in “one supreme Court”, Supreme Court and federal courts hear cases involving the Constitution, laws passed by Congress, and disputes between states.


  • Checks and balances: relations. President and Vice President serve 4 year terms.

    • 3 braches have roles that check or limit the others.

    • Therefore, no single branch can dominate the government.




Civics in Action section. Constitution. They were published as a book.

  • The Preamble is the introduction to the Constitution.

  • Popular Sovereignty reinforces “authority of the people”. We allow the people to decide.

  • The Bill of Rights is the FIRST 10 amendments.


  • Marbury Constitution. They were published as a book. V Madison= Judicial review.



  • Bill becomes a law office.

    1. Bill introduced in House and Senate.

    2. Bill referred to House and Senate committee for changes.

    3. House and Senate debates and passes its form of a bill.

    4. House and Senate reach compromise.

    5. President signs bill into law or House and Senate approve compromise.



Chapter 8 section 1
Chapter 8 Section 1 the laws of the Constitution.

  • April 30, 1789, George Washington became the first President (Mr. President) and John Adams was the first VP.

  • Thomas Jefferson – Secretary of State (relations with other nations)

  • Alexander Hamilton – Secretary of the Treasury (money issues)



End Section 1


Chapter 8 section 2
Chapter 8 Section 2 was added to the Constitution. It protected individual rights.

  • Whiskey Rebellion is when farmers had to pay a special tax on whiskey. The farmers attacked because they did not have money for the new tax.



Treaty of Greenville, the Native Americans agreed to surrender most of the land in present day Ohio.

Neutrality means you do not take sides in a conflict.

Americans felt Jay’s Treaty was dishonorable despite the gains it made.


End Section 2 Video Follows


Chapter 8 section 3
Chapter 8 Section 3 Philadelphia newspaper.

Partisan is favoring one side of an issue.

  • Two main political parties are the: (Washington warned parties would divide the nation).

    • Federalist: supported Washington, stood for a strong federal government. Believed in a national bank.

    • Democratic-Republican: limit power on government, feared that the strong federal government would endanger people’s liberties. Believed in state banks and rule by the people.




  • Matthew Lyon was arrested for fighting in Congress. the United States and sent three men to bargain for a loan. These men were known as X, Y, and Z.

  • Immigrants from Africa could not even apply for citizenship.

  • The Naturalization Act made it more difficult for white aliens to become citizens. This act increased the amount of time for an immigrant to become a citizen from 5 years to 14 years.



Chapter 9 section 1
Chapter 9, Section 1 Acts violated

  • The Twelfth Amendment to the Constitution says electors must vote for the President and Vice President on separate ballots.

  • Laissez-faire = Means you should let people do as they choose.


  • Customs duties = taxes on foreign imported goods. Acts violated

  • Federalists passed the Judiciary Act of 1801. This act set up courts for the United States with 16 judges.

  • Three principals of judicial review:

  • 1. Constitution is the supreme law of the land.

  • 2. When there is a conflict, the Constitution must be followed.



Section 2 Constitution.

  • Louisiana Territory = doubled the size of the United States, the U.S. purchased it from France for $15 million dollars, and it included the area west of the Mississippi River. It was purchased in 1803.

  • Jefferson wanted to know more about the land purchased west of the Mississippi. He sent Lewis and Clark on an expedition.

  • An African American named York also made the trip with Lewis and Clark.


Section 3 Constitution.

  • A nation not involved in a conflict had neutral rights. They had rights to sail the seas and not take sides.

  • An embargo prohibits trade with another country.

  • The Embargo Act banned imports from and exports to all foreign countries.



Section 4
Section 4 Britain. They did not like Britain’s actions against the Americans and they wanted to expand the nation’s power.

  • Oliver Hazard Perry was commander of the Lake Erie navel forces. He destroyed the British naval forces there.

  • Francis Scott Key wrote a poem called “The Star-Spangled Banner” after watching the bombs burst over Fort McHenry. By the dawn’s early light he could still see the American flag flying.

  • In 1931, Congress named the Star-Spangled Banner the National Anthem.


  • The Treaty of Ghent ended the War of 1812. Britain. They did not like Britain’s actions against the Americans and they wanted to expand the nation’s power.

  • In the Battle of New Orleans, the Americans defeated the British army. Andrew Jackson led the Americans to victory.


Chapter 10 section 1
Chapter 10 Section 1 Britain. They did not like Britain’s actions against the Americans and they wanted to expand the nation’s power.

  • Americans did not have enough people to work so they started making tools that made work easier.

  • The Industrial Revolution started in Britain.




End Section 1


Chapter 10 section 2 3
Chapter 10 Section 2 & 3 competition, and few government rules.

  • Moving west was very hard and included many groups.

    • In 1790, the population was 4 million people.

    • 30 years later it was 10 million people.





  • The Missouri Compromise solved the discussion. in the US. Everyone was happy with their leader Monroe.

  • The Congress admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.

  • Henry Clay was a leader that tried to resolve disputes through compromise.


End of Chapter 10


Chapter 11 disputes with Great Britain and Spain.

  • Andrew Jackson’s nickname was “Old Hickory”. His troops believed he was as tough as a hickory stick.

  • Jackson took care of the common man and wanted equal rights for everyone.





End Section 2 & 3


Chapter 12 section 2
Chapter 12 Section 2 interfere with the Cherokee Indians.

  • In 1803, the US bought the Louisiana Territory from France. Americans felt the land in present day Texas was part of the purchase.

  • Santa Anna led the fight at the Alamo and William B. Travis led the Texans in the Battle of the Alamo.



End Section 2


Chapter 12 section 3
Chapter 12 Section 3 Texas.

  • The US offered Mexico 30 million for California and New Mexico. We also said we would pay off their debt. Mexico refused the offer.

  • Polk wanted to go to war, but he wanted Mexico to take the first shot.





  • Chapter 12, Section 4 the US the size it is today.

  • Those who went to California in 1849 in search of gold were called forty-niners.

  • Mormons were from the Utah area. They went to Utah to fulfill their vision of the godly life.


Chapter 13 section 2
Chapter 13 Section 2 the US the size it is today.

  • Factories:

    • Men, women, and children worked in them.

    • They worked long hours.

    • Lots of accidents (Examples: no protective shields of leather belts). Many lost fingers and there were a lot of broken bones.

    • No laws to protect workers.



  • African Americans: was thrown out because only women signed it.

    • First newspaper was Freedom’s Journal.

    • Macon Allen was the first to practice law.

    • Most were poor.

    • Henry Boyd owned a furniture company.

End Section 2


Chapter 13 section 3
Chapter 13 Section 3 was thrown out because only women signed it.

  • Slavery in the north was gone, but still thriving in the South with cotton.

  • Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. They had to have more workers and farmers wanted to produce more cotton. They relied on slaves.


End Section 3


Chapter 13 section 4
Chapter 13 Section 4 money.

  • Slavery:

    • Worked hard.

    • Made no money.

    • No freedom.

    • Fear of being sold (separated from family members).

    • No laws to protect them.



End Section 4


Chapter 14 section 1
Chapter 14 Section 1 who opposed slavery. Gave help to runaway slaves. “Safe Houses”.

  • Temperance means drinking little or no alcohol.

  • Reformers blamed alcohol for poverty, crime, insanity, and break up of families.



  • 1850s, most states accepted three changed school year to six months, changed curriculum, paid teachers more, and trained teachers.basic principles for education.

    • Schools should be free and supported by taxes.

    • Teachers should be trained.

    • Children have to go.



Harriet beecher stowe wrote the book uncle tom s cabin in it she focused on slavery
Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote the book, “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”. In it she focused on slavery.

  • End Section 1


Chapter 14 section 2
Chapter 14 Section 2 Cabin”. In it she focused on slavery.

  • American Colonization Society bought slaves and sent them to start new lives. They did not keep them as slaves.

  • William Lloyd Garrison founded the newspaper, “The Liberator” and worked to abolish slavery. He started the abolitionist movement.



  • In 1830, the first convention of free African American leaders was held in Philadelphia. They discussed starting a black college and immigration.

  • Sojourner Truth used to be named Belle. She was a slave that escaped in 1826. She changed her name because she said, “I will now walk in the light of God’s truth”. She fought for women’s rights.



Extra Facts fight for blacks’ freedom. They felt it would cause a war between the North and the South.

  • Thomas Jefferson’s greatest contribution as president was the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France.

  • Northwest Ordinance was established in 1787. It was to create new states from western territories.



  • Battle of Saratoga in the American Revolution convinced France to support American Independence. They formed an alliance with the US government.

  • Worcester V Georgia Supreme Court case, ruled in favor of the Cherokee nation. President Jackson refused to enforce the ruling and it led to the Trail of Tears.


End Section 2



Chapter 15, Section 1 in the US.

  • Missouri Compromise was the balancing of slave and free states. Missouri was slave and Maine was free.

  • Wilmot Proviso said slavery should not be allowed in any land that could be taken by Mexico.



  • Compromise of 1850 included Clay’s 5 main points because of the slave issue. Martin Van Buren was elected as their presidential candidate.

    • California admitted as a free state.

    • New Mexico have no restrictions on slaves.

    • Mexico-Texas border dispute

    • Slave trade would be abolished.

    • Stronger fugitive slave laws.

    • This was to be the final settlement between the North and the South.


Chapter 15 section 2
Chapter 15 Section 2 because of the slave issue. Martin Van Buren was elected as their presidential candidate.

  • Fugitive Slave Act required all citizens to catch runaways. If they took care of the fugitives they could get fined or time in prison.

  • Underground Railroad helped runaways make the way to freedom.


End Section 2


Chapter 15 section 3
Chapter 15 Section 3 territory opened to slaveholding.

  • Mason Dixon line is the boundary line between free states and slave states.


  • Democrats territory opened to slaveholding., and Free Soilers joined together and formed the Republican party.



  • Dred contained Native people. Scott Decision :

    • The slave Dred Scott was owned by a doctor. The doctor and slave once lived in a free state. Once the doctor died, Dred felt like he should be free since he once lived in a free state. His case made it to the Supreme Court.


  • Roger Taney contained Native people.= Chief Justice of Dred Scott case, and he ruled on the case.

  • 1) 5th amendment prohibits Congress from taking away property. Slaves were considered property.

  • 2) Congress had no power to prohibit slavery.

  • 3) Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional because the constitution protected slavery.




Chapter 15 section 4
Chapter 15 Section 4 storage place for ammunition. He was caught and hanged. This was a major cause of the Civil War.

  • Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln as their presidential candidate. Lincoln said slavery should be left alone where it already exists, but excluded from new territories.

  • 1860 election was won by Lincoln. He won every northern state.



  • Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas also joined the Confederacy.

  • Fort Sumter was the first battle of the Civil War. Confederate groups opened fire on April 12, 1861. In this battle there was no loss of lives. The Union had to surrender due to lack of supplies.

End Section 4


Chapter 16
Chapter 16 joined the Confederacy.

  • President during the Civil War?

  • Confederacy were states in the?

  • Union were states in the?

  • First Battle of the Civil War?

  • How long did the Civil War last?

  • Who surrendered first?


Chapter 16 section 2
Chapter 16 Section 2 joined the Confederacy.

  • Confederates: Half were black, 9000 miles of railroad, gray uniforms, more military experience.

  • Union: no blacks, 23,000 miles of railroad, blue uniforms, less military experience.





  • Battle of Antietam It gave the north almost full control of the Mississippi River.was the single bloodiest day of the Civil War. 6000 dead and 17,000 were wounded.


End Section 2


Chapter 16 section 3
Chapter 16 Section 3 It gave the north almost full control of the Mississippi River.

  • Lincoln felt slavery was wrong, but feared to move against it because of the border states. (Thought the border states would succeed the Union.

  • Lincoln felt the slave issue was helping the South with the war.


  • Summer It gave the north almost full control of the Mississippi River.1862, Lincoln decided to emancipate or free all slaves in the South.

  • 13th amendment truly freed all slaves.



End Section 3


Chapter 16 section 4
Chapter 16 Section 4 not act on the order. It did show the world that the Civil War was not being fought to end slavery. Lincoln wanted to save the Union.

  • The rebels suffered from lack of food and supplies during the Civil War.

  • Women during the war were teachers, office workers, made ammunition, took food and medicine to troops, raised money for food, spies (learned of plans and told the other side) and also served as nurses.


End Section 4


Chapter 16 section 5
Chapter 16 Section 5 to serve in the army for three years. (Confederacy).

  • Battle of Gettysburg was one of the last battles of the Civil War.

  • The Union won this battle.

  • Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address stated soldiers had lost their lives to ensure government for the people, of the people, and by the people. Lincoln was talking about Democracy.


  • End of the Civil War: Lee surrendered to Grant with the terms that the Confederacy troops must lay down their arms, and then they were free to go home

  • More than 600,000 troops died during the Civil War. There has been no other war fought on American soil since the Civil War.

End Section 5


Chapter 17 section 2
Chapter 17 Section 2 terms that the Confederacy troops must lay down their arms, and then they were free to go home

  • Civil Rights Act of 1866 gave full citizenship to African Americans.

  • June 1866: 14th amendment was passed. Gave all people born in the US citizenship.

  • February 1869: 15th amendment gave all male citizens the right to vote.

End Section 2


Chapter 17 section 3
Chapter 17 Section 3 terms that the Confederacy troops must lay down their arms, and then they were free to go home

  • Most blacks were Republicans.

  • Between 1869 and 1880, 16 blacks served in the House of Representatives and 2 in the Senate.



  • In Lincoln’s 2 blacks and whites that supported Reconstruction.nd Inaugural Address, he stated the South should get fair treatment after the war.

  • Battle of Vicksburg was important because it gave the Union army control of the Mississippi River.




Personal notes
Personal Notes was Lee. President of US was Lincoln.

  • TAKS

  • Context Clues

  • Cross out wrong answers

  • Read questions twice.

  • Read all answer choices twice.

  • In pictures also look at works.

  • Look at map also look at the key.

  • Always read the title of a map.

  • If the question takes too much time or if you are unsure, skip it and come back to it later.

  • When dealing with maps, charts, and graphs, if you can not prove it, it is wrong.


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