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The “older population” is defined as:

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The “older population” is defined as: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The “older population” is defined as:. 65 years old or older. In 2006, the older population numbered _____; an increase of ______ or ____% since 1996. 37.3 million 3.4 million increase 10% increase. About 1 in every _____ Americans (or ____%) is an older American. 8 12.4%.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

In 2006, the older population numbered _____; an increase of ______ or ____% since 1996.

  • 37.3 million
  • 3.4 million increase
  • 10% increase
slide4

sex ratio of older Americans in 2006

  • 21.6 million older women
  • 15.7 million older men
  • female : male 138:100
slide5

In 2006, _____% of older Americans were minorities

  • ____% were black
  • ____% were Hispanic
  • ____% were Asian
  • ____% were Indian or Eskimo
  • ____% reported multiple races
  • 19.0% minorities
  • 8.3% black
  • 6.4% Hispanic
  • 3.1% Asian
  • less than 1% Indian / Eskimo
  • 0.6% reported multiple races
slide6

A child born in 2004 could expect to live _____ years, an increase of _____ years vs. a child born in 1900.

  • 77.9
  • 30
slide7

In 2004, persons reaching age 65 had a life expectancy of _____ years (_____ years for females and _____ years for males)

  • 18.7 (average)
  • 20.0 (female)
  • 17.1 (male)
slide8

The number of older Americans is expected to _____.

  • In 2010, the number is expected to be _____
  • In 2020, the number is expected to be _____
  • increase due to baby boomers becoming older Americans
  • 40 million (2010)
  • 55 million (2020)
  • 71.5 million (2030)
slide10

In 2006, _____% of older Americans lived in institutional settings such as nursing homes. As age increases, the % _____.

  • 4.4% or 1.62 million
  • increases dramatically
    • 65-74: 1.3%
    • 75-84: 4.4%
    • 85+ : 15.4%
slide11

In 2006, about half of the older Americans live in just _____ states.

  • Which ‘expected’ state is not in the list?
  • 9
  • Arizona—States are:
    • California
    • Florida
    • New York
    • Texas
    • Pennsylvania
    • Illinois
    • Ohio
    • Michigan
    • New Jersey
slide12

In 2006, older Americans are _____ likely to change residence.

  • In 2006, only ____% of older Americans who moved, relocated out-of-state.
  • less
  • 17.5%
slide13

2006 family median income for older Americans was _____

  • 2006 median income for male older Americans was _____
  • 2006 median income for female older Americans was _____
  • $39,649
  • $23,500
  • $13,603
slide14

In 2006, about _____ elderly persons were below the poverty level.

  • In 2006, another _____ elderly persons were classified “near poor”
  • 3.4 million (9.4%)
  • 2.2 million (6.2%)
  • Older women had a higher poverty rate (11.5%) than older men (6.6%)
  • Whites had lower poverty rate than blacks, Asians or Hispanics
  • The highest poverty rate is among Hispanic women
slide15

In 2004-2005, the most frequently occurring conditions in older persons are:

  • hypertension (48%)
  • arthritis (47%)
  • heart disease (29%)
  • cancer (20%)
  • diabetes (16%)
  • sinusitis (14%)
slide16

In 2006, ____% of non-institutionalized persons over 65 were covered by Medicare

  • Among Medicare beneficiaries residing in nursing homes, ____% were covered by Medicaid
  • 94 (almost all)
  • 49% (almost half)
slide17

Elderly Body Composition:

    • Intracellular water is _____
    • Thirst is _____
    • Total body water is _____
    • These people are predisposed to _____.
  • decreased
  • decreased
  • dehydration
slide18

Elderly Body Composition

    • lean muscle _____
    • body fat _____
    • _____ shape is preferred to _____. Why?
  • Decreases
  • Increases
  • Pear
  • Less risk of hypertension, stroke & coronary heart disease
slide19

Elderly Senses

    • Hearing _____ with age
    • Taste & smell _____ with age
    • Touch & pain perception _____ with age
  • decreases
  • decreases
  • decreases
slide20

Elderly Stature & Posture

    • Older people become _____ because of changes in the vertebral column. Called _____.
    • _____ is an exaggeration of thoracic curvature.
  • shorter
  • kyphosis
  • dowager’s hump
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