Climate change energy policy travel demand coordinating committee february 7 2008
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CLIMATE CHANGE ENERGY POLICY TRAVEL DEMAND COORDINATING COMMITTEE FEBRUARY 7, 2008. GHG REDUCTION GOALS. Passed by 2007 Legislature Statewide GHG Reduction from 2005 Levels 15% by 2015 30% by 2025 80% by 2050 MnCCAG Does Not Address 2050 Must be Solved by Technology Advances.

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Climate change energy policy travel demand coordinating committee february 7 2008
CLIMATE CHANGE ENERGY POLICYTRAVEL DEMAND COORDINATING COMMITTEEFEBRUARY 7, 2008


Ghg reduction goals
GHG REDUCTION GOALS

  • Passed by 2007 Legislature

  • Statewide GHG Reduction from 2005 Levels

    • 15% by 2015

    • 30% by 2025

    • 80% by 2050

    • MnCCAG Does Not Address 2050

    • Must be Solved by Technology Advances


Policy reports due february 2008
POLICY REPORTS DUEFebruary 2008

  • Mn Climate Change Advisory Group (MnCCAG) Final Meeting 1/24/08

  • U of M CTS Transportation Greenhouse Gas Reduction Study – Draft February 08

  • Governors Report to Legislature

    • Submitted 2/1/08

    • Based upon MnCCAG process

    • Not the MnCCAG Final Report


Mn climate change advisory group mnccag
MN Climate Change Advisory Group (MnCCAG)

  • Technical Work Groups

    • Residential, Commercial & Industrial (RCI)

    • Energy Supply (ES)

    • Transportation & Land Use (TLU)

    • Agriculture, Forestry & Waste (AFW)

    • Cross Cutting Issues (CC)

    • Cap & Trade

  • Priority Policy options - MnCCAG Voting


Transportation land use area 1 reduce vmt
TRANSPORTATION & LAND USEArea 1 Reduce VMT

  • TLU-1 Improved Land Use & Development

  • TLU-2 Expand Transit Infrastructure

  • TLU-5 Climate Friendly Pricing

  • TLU-7 Fix It First Investment Policy

  • TLU-9 Workplace Tools for TDM

  • TLU 14 Freight Mode Shifts

  • Bold Directly Affects Mn/DOT


Transportation land use area 2 reduce carbon unit of fuel
TRANSPORTATION & LAND USEArea 2 Reduce Carbon / Unit of Fuel

  • TLU-3 Low GHG Fuel Standard

    • Mandate Reduction in Carbon Intensity of Fuel

    • 10% Less by 2020: 15% Less by 2025

    • E20 & more E85

    • B5 to B10 to B20

    • Electric Vehicles

  • AFW -7 in-State Liquid Biofuels

    • Biodiesel & Cellulosic Ethanol


Transportation land use area 3 reduce carbon mile or hr
TRANSPORTATION & LAND USEArea 3 Reduce Carbon/Mile & or /Hr

  • TLU-4 Infrastructure Management

  • TLU-6 Adopt CA Clean Car Standards*

  • TLU-11 Heavy Duty Idle Reduction

  • TLU-12 Fleet Emissions Reduction

  • TLU-13 Reduce Speed Limits*

  • *Serious Opposition within MnCCAG


Tlu 1 improved land use planning development
TLU 1 Improved Land Use Planning/Development

GOAL OPTIONS

  • Reduce 2025 VMT to 1990 VMT Levels

  • Reduce 2025 VMT to 1990 Per Capita VMT levels

    MECHANISM

  • Various compact development mandates or incentives


Agency plan
AGENCY PLAN

  • Voluntary Approach to VMT Reduction Ask Public to Drive Less


Tlu 2 expand transit bike ped infrastructure
TLU 2 Expand Transit, Bike, Ped Infrastructure

  • Met Council 2030 Plan by 2020

  • Improve Transit: Regional Centers & TC

  • Increase Bike & Ped Infrastructure in CitieS

  • Agency Plan

  • Increase Transit, Bike & Ped where Cost Effective

  • Balance investment between Metro & Greater MN


Tlu 5 climate friendly transportation pricing
TLU 5 Climate Friendly Transportation Pricing

  • Implement Pay As You Drive Insurance (PAYD)

  • Agency Plan


Tlu 7 fix it first investment policy practice
TLU 7 “Fix It First” Investment Policy & Practice

GOAL

Legislative Mandated Funding Priorities

  • Maintenance/Preservation

  • Expansion ONLY to serve Compact Development


Tlu 7 fix it first investment policy practice1
TLU 7 “Fix It First” Investment Policy & Practice

  • Recommend Support w Modifications

  • Investment Priorities

    • Preservation/Maintenance

    • Safety Improvement

    • Management, which includes low cost targeted bottleneck removal (i.e. TH100, [email protected], etc)

  • All Capacity Expansion Projects To Be Identified by Legislature and Funded with Non- Dedicated Dollars


Tlu 14 freight mode shifts
TLU 14 Freight Mode Shifts

Goals

  • Increase Rail Capacity in MN (bottleneck removal)

  • Prevent Modal Shift of Freight from Rail to Truck

    Implementation

  • Incentives to Join EPA SmartWay Transportation Partnerships

  • Incentives to Increase Freight on Trucks with Emissions Reduction


Tlu 3 low ghg fuel standard
TLU-3 Low GHG Fuel Standard

  • Only Indirectly Affects Mn/DOT

  • More ethanol use will increase gallons used

    • (due to less energy/gallon)

    • Positive impact on gas tax revenue

  • Cellulosic Ethanol and/or Biomass Use for Energy Supply will allow R/W Vegetation Harvest as Revenue Generator


Tlu 4 infrastructure management
TLU-4 Infrastructure Management

  • Manage to Reduce Congestion – Invest In

    • Traffic Signal Synchronization

    • Traffic Signal Pre-emption for Buses

    • Improved Incident Management

    • ITS Real Time Traffic Information

    • More Roundabouts

    • State of Art Parking Strategies

    • Expand HOT Lanes – Profit to Transit

  • Manage to Accommodate All Modes

    • Adopt Complete Streets Policy

    • Cities required to adopt Bike/Ped Plans

    • Street Connectivity Policies for Municipalities


Tlu 4 infrastructure management1
TLU-4 Infrastructure Management

Recommend Support w Modifications

  • Delete Bus Traffic Signal Pre-emption

  • HOT profits reinvested in Infrastructure Management (not Transit)

  • Add Targeted, Low Cost Bottleneck Removal as Management Tool

  • Complete Streets Policy Applies Only to Local Roads and Collectors (?) in MSA Cities – with City Opt Out Clause

  • City Bike/Ped Plans Advisory not Mandatory


Tlu 11 heavy duty idle reduction
TLU-11 Heavy Duty Idle Reduction

  • Truck Stop Electrification

  • Mn/DOT to Study Feasibility of Installing and Maintaining Electrification and Climate Control Units at Mn/Dot Rest Areas and Truck Stops

  • Recommend Support for Rest Area Study

  • Oppose Mn/DOT Study of Private Truck Stops


Tlu 13 reduce speed limits
TLU-13 Reduce Speed Limits

  • Urban Interstates from 65mph to 55mph

  • Rural Interstates from 70mph to 60mph

  • Would Require Increased Enforcement

  • Changed by 2008 Legislature for 1/1/09 Implementation

  • Not in Agency Plan


Cc 3 state agencies lead the way
CC–3 State Agencies Lead the Way

  • State Owned Fleets reduce GHG emissions by 25%

  • Required Mn/DOT Fleet Turnover will require 300-400% Equipment Budget Increase

  • RCI Energy Efficient Building Codes will Increase Capital Costs


Vmt projections
VMT PROJECTIONS

  • Old projections, Used by MnCCAG, overestimated VMT Growth

  • Recent Data Shows 2004-7 VMT is Essentially Flat

  • OTDA & Met Council Revised Projections in Light of New Data

  • Controversial – Results in 18% VMT in 2025

  • Star Tribune Story Last Week


Conclusions
CONCLUSIONS

  • Can Meet Goals Only with Serious Effort

    • Will be costly

    • Transportation may not cut its share

  • Mn Ahead of Most States (Next Gen Energy)

  • 2050 Goal Will Take Fundamental Technology Advances in Energy Production

  • Will need to Manage Transition to New Tech

  • Economic & Environmental Justice Issues will Need to be Addressed


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