climate change energy policy travel demand coordinating committee february 7 2008
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CLIMATE CHANGE ENERGY POLICY TRAVEL DEMAND COORDINATING COMMITTEE FEBRUARY 7, 2008

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CLIMATE CHANGE ENERGY POLICY TRAVEL DEMAND COORDINATING COMMITTEE FEBRUARY 7, 2008. GHG REDUCTION GOALS. Passed by 2007 Legislature Statewide GHG Reduction from 2005 Levels 15% by 2015 30% by 2025 80% by 2050 MnCCAG Does Not Address 2050 Must be Solved by Technology Advances.

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ghg reduction goals
GHG REDUCTION GOALS
  • Passed by 2007 Legislature
  • Statewide GHG Reduction from 2005 Levels
    • 15% by 2015
    • 30% by 2025
    • 80% by 2050
    • MnCCAG Does Not Address 2050
    • Must be Solved by Technology Advances
policy reports due february 2008
POLICY REPORTS DUEFebruary 2008
  • Mn Climate Change Advisory Group (MnCCAG) Final Meeting 1/24/08
  • U of M CTS Transportation Greenhouse Gas Reduction Study – Draft February 08
  • Governors Report to Legislature
    • Submitted 2/1/08
    • Based upon MnCCAG process
    • Not the MnCCAG Final Report
mn climate change advisory group mnccag
MN Climate Change Advisory Group (MnCCAG)
  • Technical Work Groups
    • Residential, Commercial & Industrial (RCI)
    • Energy Supply (ES)
    • Transportation & Land Use (TLU)
    • Agriculture, Forestry & Waste (AFW)
    • Cross Cutting Issues (CC)
    • Cap & Trade
  • Priority Policy options - MnCCAG Voting
transportation land use area 1 reduce vmt
TRANSPORTATION & LAND USEArea 1 Reduce VMT
  • TLU-1 Improved Land Use & Development
  • TLU-2 Expand Transit Infrastructure
  • TLU-5 Climate Friendly Pricing
  • TLU-7 Fix It First Investment Policy
  • TLU-9 Workplace Tools for TDM
  • TLU 14 Freight Mode Shifts
  • Bold Directly Affects Mn/DOT
transportation land use area 2 reduce carbon unit of fuel
TRANSPORTATION & LAND USEArea 2 Reduce Carbon / Unit of Fuel
  • TLU-3 Low GHG Fuel Standard
    • Mandate Reduction in Carbon Intensity of Fuel
    • 10% Less by 2020: 15% Less by 2025
    • E20 & more E85
    • B5 to B10 to B20
    • Electric Vehicles
  • AFW -7 in-State Liquid Biofuels
    • Biodiesel & Cellulosic Ethanol
transportation land use area 3 reduce carbon mile or hr
TRANSPORTATION & LAND USEArea 3 Reduce Carbon/Mile & or /Hr
  • TLU-4 Infrastructure Management
  • TLU-6 Adopt CA Clean Car Standards*
  • TLU-11 Heavy Duty Idle Reduction
  • TLU-12 Fleet Emissions Reduction
  • TLU-13 Reduce Speed Limits*
  • *Serious Opposition within MnCCAG
tlu 1 improved land use planning development
TLU 1 Improved Land Use Planning/Development

GOAL OPTIONS

  • Reduce 2025 VMT to 1990 VMT Levels
  • Reduce 2025 VMT to 1990 Per Capita VMT levels

MECHANISM

  • Various compact development mandates or incentives
agency plan
AGENCY PLAN
  • Voluntary Approach to VMT Reduction Ask Public to Drive Less
tlu 2 expand transit bike ped infrastructure
TLU 2 Expand Transit, Bike, Ped Infrastructure
  • Met Council 2030 Plan by 2020
  • Improve Transit: Regional Centers & TC
  • Increase Bike & Ped Infrastructure in CitieS
  • Agency Plan
  • Increase Transit, Bike & Ped where Cost Effective
  • Balance investment between Metro & Greater MN
tlu 5 climate friendly transportation pricing
TLU 5 Climate Friendly Transportation Pricing
  • Implement Pay As You Drive Insurance (PAYD)
  • Agency Plan
tlu 7 fix it first investment policy practice
TLU 7 “Fix It First” Investment Policy & Practice

GOAL

Legislative Mandated Funding Priorities

  • Maintenance/Preservation
  • Expansion ONLY to serve Compact Development
tlu 7 fix it first investment policy practice1
TLU 7 “Fix It First” Investment Policy & Practice
  • Recommend Support w Modifications
  • Investment Priorities
    • Preservation/Maintenance
    • Safety Improvement
    • Management, which includes low cost targeted bottleneck removal (i.e. TH100, [email protected], etc)
  • All Capacity Expansion Projects To Be Identified by Legislature and Funded with Non- Dedicated Dollars
tlu 14 freight mode shifts
TLU 14 Freight Mode Shifts

Goals

  • Increase Rail Capacity in MN (bottleneck removal)
  • Prevent Modal Shift of Freight from Rail to Truck

Implementation

  • Incentives to Join EPA SmartWay Transportation Partnerships
  • Incentives to Increase Freight on Trucks with Emissions Reduction
tlu 3 low ghg fuel standard
TLU-3 Low GHG Fuel Standard
  • Only Indirectly Affects Mn/DOT
  • More ethanol use will increase gallons used
    • (due to less energy/gallon)
    • Positive impact on gas tax revenue
  • Cellulosic Ethanol and/or Biomass Use for Energy Supply will allow R/W Vegetation Harvest as Revenue Generator
tlu 4 infrastructure management
TLU-4 Infrastructure Management
  • Manage to Reduce Congestion – Invest In
    • Traffic Signal Synchronization
    • Traffic Signal Pre-emption for Buses
    • Improved Incident Management
    • ITS Real Time Traffic Information
    • More Roundabouts
    • State of Art Parking Strategies
    • Expand HOT Lanes – Profit to Transit
  • Manage to Accommodate All Modes
    • Adopt Complete Streets Policy
    • Cities required to adopt Bike/Ped Plans
    • Street Connectivity Policies for Municipalities
tlu 4 infrastructure management1
TLU-4 Infrastructure Management

Recommend Support w Modifications

  • Delete Bus Traffic Signal Pre-emption
  • HOT profits reinvested in Infrastructure Management (not Transit)
  • Add Targeted, Low Cost Bottleneck Removal as Management Tool
  • Complete Streets Policy Applies Only to Local Roads and Collectors (?) in MSA Cities – with City Opt Out Clause
  • City Bike/Ped Plans Advisory not Mandatory
tlu 11 heavy duty idle reduction
TLU-11 Heavy Duty Idle Reduction
  • Truck Stop Electrification
  • Mn/DOT to Study Feasibility of Installing and Maintaining Electrification and Climate Control Units at Mn/Dot Rest Areas and Truck Stops
  • Recommend Support for Rest Area Study
  • Oppose Mn/DOT Study of Private Truck Stops
tlu 13 reduce speed limits
TLU-13 Reduce Speed Limits
  • Urban Interstates from 65mph to 55mph
  • Rural Interstates from 70mph to 60mph
  • Would Require Increased Enforcement
  • Changed by 2008 Legislature for 1/1/09 Implementation
  • Not in Agency Plan
cc 3 state agencies lead the way
CC–3 State Agencies Lead the Way
  • State Owned Fleets reduce GHG emissions by 25%
  • Required Mn/DOT Fleet Turnover will require 300-400% Equipment Budget Increase
  • RCI Energy Efficient Building Codes will Increase Capital Costs
vmt projections
VMT PROJECTIONS
  • Old projections, Used by MnCCAG, overestimated VMT Growth
  • Recent Data Shows 2004-7 VMT is Essentially Flat
  • OTDA & Met Council Revised Projections in Light of New Data
  • Controversial – Results in 18% VMT in 2025
  • Star Tribune Story Last Week
conclusions
CONCLUSIONS
  • Can Meet Goals Only with Serious Effort
    • Will be costly
    • Transportation may not cut its share
  • Mn Ahead of Most States (Next Gen Energy)
  • 2050 Goal Will Take Fundamental Technology Advances in Energy Production
  • Will need to Manage Transition to New Tech
  • Economic & Environmental Justice Issues will Need to be Addressed
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