Creative meta seeing constructive visual thinking
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Creative Meta-seeing: Constructive Visual Thinking. Neil H. Schwartz, Ph.D. Lecture 9. Constructive Visual Thinking : Stages of the Creative Process. Step 1: The visual concept is formed . Generally abstract and not always graphical. Step 2: Externalization is trialed .

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Creative meta seeing constructive visual thinking

Creative Meta-seeing: Constructive Visual Thinking

Neil H. Schwartz, Ph.D.

Lecture 9


Constructive visual thinking stages of the creative process

Constructive Visual Thinking : Stages of the Creative Process

Step 1: The visual concept is formed.

Generally abstract and not always graphical.

Step 2: Externalization is trialed.

Generally, a paper-pencil attempt to externalize a concept as a starting point for design.

Step 3: The constructive critique is commenced.

Requires visual critique, along with a visual testing of elements to determine necessary design requirements.

An iterative process of addition and deletion culminating in reactions and visual queries made by viewers.

Step 4: Consolidation and extension is conducted.

The image is refined, strengthened and extended until the concept can be represented visually.


Mental imagery pylyshyn vs kosslyn

Mental Imagery: Pylyshyn vs. Kosslyn


Mental imagery activity theory

Mental Imagery: Activity Theory

  • Mental imagery is processed in the same way as normal seeing.

    • That is, the same parts of the brain are activated in the same way.

  • Eye movements occur when people scan mental images with their eyes closed.

  • Location patterns are the same in images as the real scenes from which the images are formed. Fixationsequencesare not.

  • However, the lower primary visual cortex (PVC) is not active during mental imagery.


Normal seeing vs imagining

Normal Seeing vs. Imagining

Normal Seeing

Top-down

constructive binding

Patterns

Visual

Working

Memory

Feature Processing

Location Buffer

Eye movement control

Top-down

construction

Imagining

Patterns

Visual

Working

Memory

Location Buffer

Eye movement control


Mental imagery activity theory1

Mental Imagery: Activity Theory

  • Visual imagery appears to occur entirely in the higher levels of visual processing.

  • It uses active spatial processes normally involved in planning and executing eye movements.

  • Visual imagery is best considered an internalized active process– “active seeing” akin to internalized speech– but without lower order brain mechanisms.

Thus, visual designers apparently combine the cognitive activities of normal seeing with activities of visual imagination.

In short, the process of visual design is a constructive perceptual process–

in addition to knowledge of the way a viewer constructs meaning from the design.


Are seeing and imagery really constructive

Are Seeing and Imagery Really Constructive?

  • Take out a piece of paper.

  • Make five separate scribbles

  • In various parts of each scribble, add the following shapes as many times as you like to make your scribbles into something recognizable.

  • Do not show your productions to anyone around you.


Creative design loops

Creative Design Loops

Completed

Design

  • The use of creative design loops in the production of a graphic is a process of constructive perception.

  • Graphical output is best conceived not as a wish to produce a drawing; instead, it is a quest to understand a problem.

Few alternatives considered

Design improvements

Better understanding of requirements

Design improvements

Better understanding of requirements

Many alternatives considered.

A vague concept


Going from concept to visualization

Going from Concept to Visualization

A vague concept

A loose scribble on paper

Visually scan and constructively interpret the scribble. Mentally project additions to the scribble.

Add marks to extend or consolidate design

The Concept:

Chico State is a great place to learn.


Creative meta seeing constructive visual thinking

Going from concept to visual design takes practice to produce and practice to apply knowledge to understand the viewer.


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