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Homework: Assignment 6 for Wednesday; Collaborize for tomorrow. " Only 29% of Americans want the U.S. to attack Syria -- which on the plus side means that 29% of Americans know there is a place called Syria." –Stephen Colbert

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consider what was the central problem faced by the framers going in to the cc

Homework: Assignment 6 for Wednesday; Collaborize for tomorrow

"Only 29% of Americans want the U.S. to attack Syria -- which on the plus side means that 29% of Americans know there is a place called Syria." –Stephen Colbert

"John McCain was caught playing video poker on his iPhone during the Senate hearings the other day. Everybody is criticizing McCain, but compared to what other politicians are doing on their iPhones, that\'s not so bad, OK?" –Jay Leno

"A new study found that using Facebook has actually changed how our brains work. Yeah, it\'s true. Before Facebook, when you said you liked something, you actually did." –Jimmy Fallon

"The United States has no choice but to attack Syria because Dictator Bashar al-Assad is killing his own people with chemical weapons. Before, he was just killing them with bullets. But if America cared about shooting people, we\'d be invading Chicago." –Stephen Colbert

Consider: What was the central “problem” faced by the Framers going in to the CC?
the constitutional convention

The Constitutional Convention

The Miracle at Philadelphia

slide3

2.2

What was the significance of Shays’Rebellion?

characteristics and motives of the framers
All wealthy white males
    • Mostly young
    • Some slave owners
    • Relatively educated
  • Social motives
    • Maintain social order which benefited them
  • Political Motives
    • The art of what is possible
  • “Republican” motives
    • Acted in the spirit of building a representative democracy according to certain principles
  • Economic motives
    • Maintain property rights which benefited them
    • Charles Beard’s An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution
Characteristics and Motives of the Framers
at the convention

All states represented except Rhode Island

    • Sent delegations of multiple members
    • 55 men total – Franklin was oldest
  • Some notable absences:
    • Jefferson was in France
    • Patrick Henry refused as he “smelt a rat”
  • The proceedings
    • George Washington elected presiding officer, but he spoke little during the proceedings
    • Madison was secretary, and his Notes is best source of what was said
    • Rule of secrecy adopted early on; why?
    • At the outset, VA plan presented; NJ plan countered, and NY plan was also presented (Hamilton/British plan)
    • Lasted from May 25th to September 17th, 1787
At the convention
slide6

2.3

Explore the Simulation: You Are a Founder

http://media.pearsoncmg.com/long/long_longman_media_1/2013_mpsl_sim/simulation.html?simulaURL=2

major debates topics at the convention

Opening: VA Plan

      • How did this set the tone for the convention?
      • How might the “council of revision” reflect an implicit call for the power of judicial review of legislative acts?
  • The Response: The NJ Plan
      • How was more in line with the original goal of the convention?
  • The NY Plan? Hamilton’s “2 cents”…
      • Madison\'s notes: "It will be objected probably, that [an Executive for life] will be an elective Monarch, and will give birth to the tumults which characterize that form of Gov[ernmen]t. He w[oul]d reply that Monarch is an indefinite term. It marks not either the degree or duration of power. If the Executive Magistrate wd. be a monarch for life--the other prop[ose]d by the Report . . . wd. be a Monarch for seven years."
  • The Great Compromise (and the 3/5ths)?
    • How did these contribute to a “spirit of accommodation?”
  • The Executive: major arguments?
  • The Judiciary: the ugly stepchild?
  • Questions unaddressed/avoided? Why?
      • Slavery, judicial review, Bill of Rights
Major Debates/Topics at the Convention
the structure of the constitution

7 Articles, longest is the first (legislative)

  • Article I, II and III: Institutions of the National Government
  • Article IV: Relations Among the States
  • Article V: AmendmentProcess
  • Article VI: Supremacy Clause
  • Article VII: Ratification Process
The Structure of the Constitution
slide11

How do the Articles of Confederation and the U.S. Constitution compare to one another?

2.4

slide12

2

Video: The Big Picture

http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/OConner_Ch02_The_Constitution_Seg1_v2.html

motives of the framers comparing perspectives

Social Order -

  • Economic Interests –
  • Political Pragmatism –
  • Republican Values –
  • What are the differences between these perspectives?
Motives of the Framers: Comparing Perspectives
a reform caucus in action

“The Constitution, then, was not an apotheosis of ‘constitutionalism’, a triumph of architectonic genius; it was a patch-work sewn together under the pressure of both time and events by a group of extremely talented democratic politicians.”

  • “Yet, while the shades of Locke and Montesquieu may have been hovering in the background, and the delegates may have been unconscious instruments of a transcendent telos, the careful observer of the day-to-day work of the convention finds no overarching principles. The ‘separation of powers’ to him seems to be a by-product of suspicion, and ‘federalism’ he views as a pisaller (final recourse/last resort), as the farthest point the delegates thought they could go in the destruction of state power without themselves inviting repudiation.
“A Reform Caucus In Action”
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