Slavery the west section 12 2 p 535 542
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SLAVERY & THE WEST Section 12.2 ( p. 535-542). SECTIONALISM—Exaggerated loyalty to a particular region 1819—11 Free States & 11 Slave States. SECTIONALISM. 1819. SLAVE STATES. Connecticut- 1788 Massachusetts- 1788 New Hampshire- 1788 New Jersey- 1787 New York- 1788 Pennsylvania- 1787

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SLAVERY & THE WEST Section 12.2 ( p. 535-542)

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Slavery the west section 12 2 p 535 542

SLAVERY & THE WESTSection 12.2 (p. 535-542)


Sectionalism

  • SECTIONALISM—Exaggerated loyalty to a particular region

  • 1819—11 Free States & 11 Slave States

SECTIONALISM


Free states

1819

SLAVE STATES

Connecticut-1788

Massachusetts-1788

New Hampshire-1788

New Jersey-1787

New York-1788

Pennsylvania-1787

Rhode Island-1790

Vermont-1791

Ohio-1803

Indiana-1816

Illinois-1818

1787-Delaware

1788-Georgia

1788-Maryland

1789-North Carolina

1788-South Carolina

1788-Virginia

1792-Kentucky

1796-Tennessee

1812-Louisiana

1817-Mississippi

1819-Alabama

FREE STATES


Missouri compromise 1820

  • In 1819 Missouri requested to join the Union as a SLAVE state

HENRY CLAY

Speaker of the House negotiates a compromise

Missouri Compromise (1820)

1) Missouri enters as a Slave State

2) Maine enters as a Free State

3) Slavery prohibited in the Louisiana Territory North of 36o 30o


Missouri compromise

Missouri Compromise

SEC. 8. And be it further enacted. That in all that territory ceded by France to the United States, under the name of Louisiana, which lies north of thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes north latitude, not included within the limits of the state, contemplated by this act, slavery and involuntary servitude, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the parties shall have been duly convicted, shall be, and is hereby, forever prohibited: Provided always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labour or service is lawfully claimed, in any state or territory of the United States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labour or service as aforesaid.

  • Source: The National Archives and Records Administration http://www.ourdocuments.gov


Nullification

1828 high protective tariff on manufactured goods from Europe

SOUTH -against the tariff

NORTH -supports the tariff

NULLIFICATION

SOUTH CAROLINA worked to

NULLIFY the Tariff

John C. Calhoun said it was Unconstitutional


New western lands

Texas was annexed and admitted into the Union as a Slave state in 1845

US won the Mexican-American War in 1848 and acquired vast new territories in the West

NEW WESTERN LANDS


New western lands1

Wilmot Proviso said slavery should be prohibited in any lands acquired from Mexico

The South opposed it & the proviso failed

NEW WESTERN LANDS

David Wilmot

Pennsylvania


Election of 1848

Whigs & Democrats did not take a stand on slavery in the territories

FREE SOIL PARTY—against the spread of slavery west

“Free Soil, Free Speech, Free Labor, Free Men”

ELECTION OF 1848

Van Buren

FREE SOIL

Lewis Cass

DEMOCRAT

Zachary Taylor

WHIG


Slavery the west section 12 2 p 535 542

SEARCH FOR COMPROMISE

Taylor urged California & New Mexico to apply for statehood

1849—15 Slave States &

15 Free States

Henry Clay presented a plan to settle the issues dividing Congress


Free states1

1849

SLAVE STATES

1787-Delaware

1788-Georgia

1788-Maryland

1789-North Carolina

1788-South Carolina

1788-Virginia

1792-Kentucky

1796-Tennessee

1812-Louisiana

1817-Mississippi

1819-Alabama

1821-Missouri

1836-Arkansas

1845-Florida

1845-Texas

Connecticut-1788

Massachusetts-1788

New Hampshire-1788

New Jersey-1787

New York-1788

Pennsylvania-1787

Rhode Island-1790

Vermont-1791

Ohio-1803

Indiana-1816

Illinois-1818

Maine-1820

Michigan-1837

Iowa-1846

Wisconsin-1848

FREE STATES


The united states in 1848

The United States in 1848


Slavery the west section 12 2 p 535 542

SEARCH FOR COMPROMISE

President Taylor dies

(July 4, 1850)

Millard Fillmore becomes Pres.

COMPROMISE OF 1850

1. California enters as a free state

2. New Mexico territory-no slave restrictions

3.Border dispute between TX & NM settled

4. Slave trade (not slavery) abolished in DC

5. Stronger fugitive slave laws


Slavery the west section 12 2 p 535 542

Compromise of 1850


Compromise of 1850

Compromise of 1850

It being desirable, for the peace, concord, and harmony of the Union of these States, to settle and adjust amicably all existing questions of controversy between them arising out of the institution of slavery upon a fair, equitable and just basis: therefore,

  • 1. Resolved, That California, with suitable boundaries, ought, upon her application to be admitted as one of the States of this Union, without the imposition by Congress of any restriction in respect to the exclusion or introduction of slavery within those boundaries.

  • 2. Resolved, That as slavery does not exist by law, and is not likely to be introduced into any of the territory acquired by the United States from the republic of Mexico…

  • 8. Resolved, That Congress has no power to promote or obstruct the trade in slaves between the slaveholding States; but that the admission or exclusion of slaves brought from one into another of them depends exclusively upon their own particular laws.


Compromise of 1850 reaction

Compromise of 1850Reaction

“…the Southern gentlemen have pressed the cause, not only of human slavery but of slavery extension…the North has maintained an unbroken silence. The time has surely come when the voice of freedom should find an utterance.” Horace Mann

“What do you want, you who reside in the free states? Do you want that there shall be no slavery introduced into the territories…? Have you not had your desire in California?...What more do you want? Henry Clay


Slavery the west section 12 2 p 535 542

Excerpt, The Fugitive Slave Act

Section 7

And be it further enacted, That any person who shall knowingly and willingly obstruct, hinder, or prevent such claimant, his agent or attorney, or any person or persons lawfully assisting him, her, or them, from arresting such a fugitive from service or labor,…or shall harbor or conceal such fugitive, so as to prevent the discovery and arrest of such person, after notice or knowledge of the fact that such person was a fugitive from service or labor as aforesaid, shall, for either of said offences, be subject to a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, and imprisonment not exceeding six months, by indictment and conviction before the District Court of the United States and shall moreover forfeit and pay, by way of civil damages to the party injured by such illegal conduct, the sum of one thousand dollars for each fugitive so lost as aforesaid, to be recovered by action of debt, in any of the District or Territorial Courts…

Section 6

And be it further enacted, That when a person held to service or labor in any State or Territory of the United States, has heretofore or shall hereafter escape into another State or Territory of the United States, the person or persons to whom such service or labor may be due… may pursue and reclaim such fugitive person, either by procuring a warrant or by seizing and arresting such fugitive, where the same can be done without process…

In no trial or hearing under this act shall the testimony of such alleged fugitive be admitted in evidence


United states in 1850

United States in 1850


How to resolve

How to Resolve?


Slavery the west section 12 2 p 535 542

HARRIET BEECHER STOWE

“UNCLE TOM’S CABIN”

1852


Slavery the west section 12 2 p 535 542

FRANKLIN PIERCE WINS PRESIDENCY 1853


Slavery the west section 12 2 p 535 542

Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854

Stephen Douglass

POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY


Kansas nebraska act 1854

Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854

Territory Nebraska; and when admitted as a State or States, the said Territory or any portion of the same, shall be received into the Union with or without slavery, as their Constitution may prescribe at the time of the admission…

…Territory of Kansas;and when admitted as a State or States, the said Territory, or any portion of the same, shall be received into the Union with or without slavery, as their Constitution may prescribe at the time of their admission…

Opposition:“We arraign this bill as a gross violation of a sacred pledge; as a criminal betrayal of precious rights; as part and parcelof an atrocious plot to …convert it [the territories] into a dreary region of despotism, inhabited by mastersand slaves….” Salmon P. Chase

Defense:“The legal effect of this bill…is neither to legislate slavery into these territories or out of them, but to leave the people to do as they please….Why should this principle not prevail?” Stephen A. Douglas


Slavery the west section 12 2 p 535 542

BLEEDING KANSAS


Slavery the west section 12 2 p 535 542

VIOLENCE IN SENATE CHAMBERS


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