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Self, Identity, Self-esteem. Self- totality of you Physical body but also your identity, others’ perceptions, etc. Self constructed out of meaning Self-concept = individual’s beliefs about himself or herself; ideas about yourself Self-esteem = how you evaluate yourself Identity = who you are.

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self identity self esteem
Self, Identity, Self-esteem
  • Self- totality of you
    • Physical body but also your identity, others’ perceptions, etc.
    • Self constructed out of meaning
  • Self-concept = individual’s beliefs about himself or herself; ideas about yourself
  • Self-esteem = how you evaluate yourself
  • Identity = who you are
self concept
Self-Concept
  • How do people learn about themselves?
    • Infancy – learns boundaries of own body
    • 2nd year of life – learn how to do things, develop idea of mastery
      • Smile when learn something
      • Able to identify self as child, gender
    • 3- 5 years of age
      • Emphasize skills and abilities
      • Think about self as physical body
self concept3
Self-concept
  • Tends to be very broad
  • Only some pieces salient at any one time
  • Boy/girl groups studies
self knowledge motives
Self-knowledge motives
  • Gain accurate info. about self
  • Gain confirmation of what you already believe about self
  • Learn positive, favorable things about self

People tend to have all 3 motives

Which is strongest??

typical rankings of motives based on empirical findings
Typical rankings of motives based on empirical findings
  • Self-enhancement
  • Consistency
  • Accurate info. – distant third

Sober cognitive response will recognize dubious nature of many flattering pieces of info.

Emotionally potent info. rules

self concept development cont
Self-concept – development cont’
  • 6 to 11: sense of competency & control continue to increase
  • See competencies in more complex terms
  • Social comparisons important
  • Idea that some of self as being hidden from view emerges
  • Teen age years: self-consciousness increases. Reflects ability to imagine how one appears to others
measurement issues
Measurement issues
  • Think about how one might measure self-concept or self-esteem. What potential problems do you see?
measurement issues cont
Measurement issues cont.

Problems:

  • Self-presentational concerns
  • Biases in self-perceptions: accuracy??
  • Implicit vs. explicit self views (awareness vs. unawareness)
greenwald farnham
Greenwald & Farnham

Implicit Association Test – designed to address that last issue

  • Measures implicit self-esteem
  • Actual task somewhat complicated to describe—try it online at

https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/index.jsp

iat greenwald cont
IAT/Greenwald cont’
  • Indirect measure does not rely on introspection
  • Not susceptible to self-presentational concerns
asendorpf et al
Asendorpf et al.
  • IAT applied to shyness
  • Want to look at differences in the way that people report shyness and implicit measures of shyness
    • Shy people may lack self-insight?
    • Unwillingness to report being shy?
method
Method
  • 139 heterosexual young adults
  • Videotaped in shyness-inducing social situation
  • Took personality questionnaire
  • Took shyness IAT
results
Results
  • Significant correlations between self-ratings and IAT shyness ratings
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