Development of Sectors. Prof. Dr. Sedef AKGUNGOR. Developments of Sectors. Traditionally, the sectoral division of the economy is based on a three sector approach, namely agriculture, industry and services . Each of these have their own subsectors .
Prof. Dr. Sedef AKGUNGOR
One of the most important characteristics of agricultural employment is that unlike the economy as a whole and of course in all other sectors, the share of women in the work force is higher.
The most important non-human factor of production af agriculture is land.
Overall size distribution figures do not give any information about the natural aspects of land, such as its chemical and physical qualities, fertility, availability of water sources, weather conditions and location.
During the planned 15 years from 1963 to 1977, the number of tractors increased more than 625 per cent to 370 thousand.
Use of fertilizers also increased rapidly until the 1990s when it stabilised at around 10 million tons.
Even in the state monopoly cases, like tea leaves and tobacco , the amount of output was more than the capacity to process it.
There were some minimal but extremely diversified support practices around the end of the first decade of 2000s.
During the implementation of the second ISI , it was stated that protection would be temporary; that is to say infant industry argument is used in designing the policies.
Considering the industrialization policy there were some very important shortcomings of the ISI.
In 1980 the country witnssed shocking economic policy and political changes.
During the 1980s and 1990s, there was a gradual but continuous decrease in the role of the public industrial sectors in the economy.
In the development plans that were put forward after 1980 an export oriented and a more competitive industrial production structure was proposed.
In addition, if technological changes are taken into account, Turkey missed an important opportunity during the 1980s and 1990s.
Manufacturinf sector has mostly small scale businesses or according to some definitions micro enterprises.
The size distribution of industrial enterprises is extremely uneven, that is they are cumulated within the 1-9 region which takes about 89.7 per cent of the total.
However limited it may be, the data about the structure of manufacturing clearly shows that industrial establishments are small sized and they are concentrated essentially in the traditional sectors producing primarily consumer and intermediate commodities.
Howevet their small size does not permit them to become institutionalised, that is; the future of most small firms dependds on the owner-manager personally.