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Government. OGT Prep Review. Enlightenment Style Governments. Democracy – Government where citizen have rights to elect officials to rule country ( US Style ) Presidential Democracy – Citizens elect Legislature and Executive branches ( US Style )

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Government

Government

OGT Prep Review


Enlightenment style governments
Enlightenment Style Governments

Democracy – Government where citizen have rights to elect officials to rule country (US Style)

Presidential Democracy – Citizens elect Legislature and Executive branches (US Style)

Parliamentary Democracy – Citizens elect legislature, Legislature elects Executive (Different)

Constitutional Democracy – U.S. Form of Democracy. 3 branches equal in power (US Style)

Representative Democracy -- U.S. Form of Democracy. 3 branches equal in power (US Style)


Non enlightened oppressive governments
Non Enlightened Oppressive Governments

Monarchy – Inherited by Blood line or heir to throne. Royal Family.

Absolute Monarchy– Dictator style monarch

Constitutional Monarchy– The country has formed a Constitution which guarantees legal

rights for citizens. Monarch is simply a figure head and must follow constitution.


Non enlightened oppressive governments1
Non Enlightened Oppressive Governments

Dictator – Ruler with absolute power, takes control of country by force, often military force.

Theocracy – Type of Government that uses God or religious principles or religious leaders to operate government.


Must know amendements
MUST KNOW AMENDEMENTS

1st Amendment- Free speech, Press, religion, Assembly, and to petition government

13th Amendment - Abolished slavery

14th Amendment - Born in America, you get citizenship, Would ensure Blacks and Women the right to vote.

18th Amendment - Prohibition - No Alcohol. Federal government took power from the states

19th Amendment - Women rights to vote

26th Amendment - 18 year olds can vote


Supreme court rulings
Supreme Court Rulings

Plessey vs. Ferguson - 1898 Supreme Court ruling stated: Separate but equal was equal. Used by Southern states to justify Jim Crow laws like white schools separate from black schools.

Brown vs. Board of Education - 1950’s Supreme Court ruling that overturned the Plessey vs. Ferguson ruling. Brown Stated: Separate but equal is inherently unequal. This case lead directly to de-segregation of all public schools in America.


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