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Capitalization. Geographic locations Titles and names Buildings and other places. Geographic Locations. Capitalize specific names. Do not capitalize general names. This also applies to names of geographic places. San Francisco but not city. Geographic Locations.

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capitalization

Capitalization

Geographic locations

Titles and names

Buildings and other places

geographic locations
Geographic Locations
  • Capitalize specific names. Do not capitalize general names. This also applies to names of geographic places.

San Francisco but not city.

geographic locations1
Geographic Locations
  • Capitalize specific names that are

used as adjectives.

French bread

geographic locations2
Geographic Locations
  • Directions, such as north, southeast, easterly and western, are not capitalized when they refer to a direction.

We drove south to the coast

and then northeast.

geographic locations3
Geographic Locations
  • They should be capitalized when they name a specific region of the country or of a city.

We visited Tempe, which is in the

Southwest.

titles and names
Titles and Names
  • Capitalize words used as titles

that refer to a specific person.

Senator Jones

Doctor Smith

titles
Titles
  • Titles are oftentimes used by themselves as if they were a name.
  • This occurs when you are speaking directly

to someone.

Will my leg heal, Doctor?

Tell me how you will reduce taxes, Mayor?

titles1
Titles
  • If a title is used only to refer to an occupation, do not capitalize it.

The lawyer presented the

case to the jury.

titles of written works
Titles of written works
  • Capitalize the first word and all important words in titles of books, plays, poems and other written works.
    • I read the book Little Women.
    • Did you hear the orchestra play Appalachian Spring?
buildings and other places
Buildings and other places
  • Capitalize the names of buildings and other places when they stand for specific buildings or places.
  • Empire State Building
  • White House
  • Len’s Laundromat
  • Main Street
reminder
Reminder
  • When uncertain whether a word should be capitalized or not, replace it with a person’s name.

If the sentence makes sense, capitalize the title. If not, do not capitalize the word!

quotations
Quotations
  • First word of every sentence should be capitalized. When you write a quotation,

follow the same rule.

Tara asked, “Should we buy tickets now,

or wait till later?”

reminder1
Reminder
  • If the quotation could stand alone as

a complete sentence, it should begin

with a capital letter.

  • If the quote is not a complete sentence,

don’t begin with a capital letter.

quotations1
Quotations
  • If the quotation is divided by words

introducing the speaker, capitalize

the first part of the quote, but do not

capitalize the second part because

it is a fragment.

“A car crash occurred on Main Street,”

the newscaster said, “and six people

were injured.”

abbreviations and initials
Abbreviations and Initials
  • Capitalize the letters that make up abbreviations and initials.
      • CPA (Certified Public Accountant)
      • NFL (National Football League)
      • Larry Samuels, Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)
dates
Dates
  • Capitalize names of days of the week, months and holidays. Do not capitalize seasons.
  • Her vacation begins next Friday, March 3.
  • I love to take my vacations in the summer.
  • I always have a picnic on Labor Day.
school subjects
School Subjects
  • Capitalize the names of school subjects only when they refer to specific courses.
  • If you are referring to a general kind of class, do not capitalize it.

I am taking a math class and English 101.

  • You always capitalize words that name a specific language, such as English and Spanish.
organizations
Organizations
  • Social organizations and government

names are always capitalized.

James’ wife works for the American

Embassy in Sierra Leone.

All profits will go to the American

Red Cross.

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