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A Brief Look at theSouthern Colonies. Southern Economy - Plantations. Plantation Economy Controlled by rich and large landowners Also called “Planters” Grow cash crops i.e. Tobacco, Cotton Mostly self-sufficient Grow and build what they need on the plantation Few large cities

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A brief look at the southern colonies l.jpg

A Brief Look at theSouthern Colonies...


Southern economy plantations l.jpg

Southern Economy - Plantations

  • Plantation Economy

    • Controlled by rich and large landowners

      • Also called “Planters”

    • Grow cash crops

      • i.e. Tobacco, Cotton

    • Mostly self-sufficient

      • Grow and build what they need on the plantation

      • Few large cities

    • Requires lots of labor

      • Indentured servants, then slaves

Thomas Jefferson's mansion

Monticello


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Cash Crops

  • Cash Crop

    • A crop grown to be sold, not to be used by the farmer

    • Opposite of “subsistence” farming

  • Tobacco

    • Mostly MD, VA, NC

  • Rice and Indigo

    • Further south in SC, GA

Tobacco Field


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Transportation in the South

  • Southern colonies were connected by many rivers

    • Boats are major source of transportation

    • Quicker and cheaper than going by land

      • i.e. horse and wagon

    • Plantations were usually built on rivers, reducing the need for cities with harbors

Sailboats carried cargo throughout the Southern colonies


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Comparing North and South

Based on these notes and your reading of Sections 2 and 3, complete the chart comparing the Northern and Southern colonies.

Work quietly with a partner.

This topic will be part of the essay for the Chapter 3 test.


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