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HAITY. Seminar group - 4. Domains of Interest . Security Governance Rule of law Economic and Social aspects. Threat analysis. External threats – NO Internal threats Vulnerability to natural disasters – earthquake, hurricane, floods Environmental challenges – deforestation

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HAITY

Seminar group - 4


Domains of Interest

  • Security

  • Governance

  • Rule of law

  • Economic and Social aspects


Threat analysis

  • External threats – NO

  • Internal threats

  • Vulnerability to natural disasters – earthquake, hurricane, floods

  • Environmental challenges – deforestation

  • High density of the population – low level of medical care

  • Political unrest - Executive power weak, a hostile senate

  • Institutional dysfunction

  • Violent crimes, armed gangs, weapons in private hands

  • Corruption – 50% of GDP lost

  • Poor infrastructure

  • Social unrest – high levels of poverty and unemployment

  • Aid dependence – malnutrition,

  • Lack of education -


Functional analysis

Five-E development strategy: employment, état de droit (rule of law), education, environment and energy.

GOVERNANCE

Permanent Electoral Council (CEP) and Transitory Electoral College (TEC)

Executive power – president, prime minister and government (10 ministers) – fragile political landscape

Ministry Of Human Rights And Extreme Power

Legislature – bicameral National Assembly - Senate and the Chamber of Deputies

Judiciary - Court Of Cassation, Court of Appeal, Courts of Peace

SECURITY

MINUSTAH – main pillar of the security

HNP- Haiti National Police – under staffed

Haitian Customs Surveillance

National Coordination Office For Women Affairs And Gender

RULE OF LAW

Pre-trial Detention Monitory Committee

Superior Council Of Judiciary

Unit For The Fight Against The Corruption

Organic law for the Office of the Ombudsperson

ECONOMIC

National Electricity Company


Gap Analysis

SECURITY

  • strong on ideology and weak of practical results.

  • UN (6,270 uniformed personnel + 2,601 police officers) will leave out

  • Lack of disaster preparedness

  • Social cohesion

  • understaffed police force

  • Border control – trafficking

    GOVERNANCE

  • Institutional weakness

  • No tradition in governance and No leading authority

  • Deficiency in regulation state mechanisms

  • Lack of decentralization

    RULE OF LAW

  • Dysfunctional justice, police and prisons

  • cohesive criminal justice system

  • Prisons – new building, sanitization

  • Dependent judicial system

    SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL

  • Lack of proper sanitation, vaccination – medical care

  • Forestation and agriculture

  • Failing electricity sector - Electricity production v/s use the trees

  • Lack of infrastructure – roads, ports, airfields


SSCB Strategysecurity

  • C4 - competent, capable, committed, and confident - HNP

  • transferring greater responsibility to the Haitian National Police (HNP)

  • development of a culture of democratic oversight

  • State accountability - equity and inclusiveness of all groups

  • anti-corruption programs

  • NGOs on the ground – vital role - humanitarian aid

  • criminal investigation and community policing.


SSCB StrategyGovernance

  • Technical dimensions

    Effectiveness and efficiency

  • personnel must have a baseline salary level where they at least have the opportunity to take care of themselves and their families

  • Social dimension

  • Communication between groups

  • Political dimension

  • Legitimacy - all groups represented - decentralization

  • Accountability

  • Human rights


SSCB StrategyRule of law

  • Effective and accountable law enforcement institutions - police, justice, human correction system

  • Provide advice and mentoring to Haitian police services – Wh applicable

  • Train in a C4 manner – human rights oriented.

  • Motivation support in executing law enforcement functions - public order, riot control, criminal, investigations, and intelligence-gathering

  • Unification training based on lessen learned - to gain the confidence of the population and reinforces government legitimacy.

  • Diversity in recruitment process - social levels, geography,

  • Justice sector – corruption preventive measures - ethical legal profession

  • A humane correctional system - Courts and prisons

  • Improving the infrastructure – new prisons and sanitization

  • Correction system ()

  • Vetting and

  • professional force whose ethos and training

  • minimize the risks of corruption and predatory

  • behavior

  • Publicly accessible body of law

  • Independent and competent judiciary

  • An effective and

  • Public understanding of legal rights and responsibilities

  • Mechanisms for monitoring and upholding human rights

  • Reconciliation and accountability mechanisms for resolving grievances arising from past conflict

  • the responsibility of the police force - law enforcement


SSCB Strategyeconomic development

  • Stability and equity are two of the principles that should regulate all economic activity

  • International cooperation

  • Infrastructure – new roads, new prisons,

  • Communication and information space - critical leadership tool

  • to improve the business climate – to attract investment

  • violence economy” to the structures of “peace-time economy

  • C4 - competent, capable, committed, and confident

    Social

  • Public understanding of legal rights and responsibilities


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