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HAITY. Seminar group - 4. Domains of Interest . Security Governance Rule of law Economic and Social aspects. Threat analysis. External threats – NO Internal threats Vulnerability to natural disasters – earthquake, hurricane, floods Environmental challenges – deforestation

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Haity

HAITY

Seminar group - 4


Domains of interest

Domains of Interest

  • Security

  • Governance

  • Rule of law

  • Economic and Social aspects


Threat analysis

Threat analysis

  • External threats – NO

  • Internal threats

  • Vulnerability to natural disasters – earthquake, hurricane, floods

  • Environmental challenges – deforestation

  • High density of the population – low level of medical care

  • Political unrest - Executive power weak, a hostile senate

  • Institutional dysfunction

  • Violent crimes, armed gangs, weapons in private hands

  • Corruption – 50% of GDP lost

  • Poor infrastructure

  • Social unrest – high levels of poverty and unemployment

  • Aid dependence – malnutrition,

  • Lack of education -


Functional analysis

Functional analysis

Five-E development strategy: employment, état de droit (rule of law), education, environment and energy.

GOVERNANCE

Permanent Electoral Council (CEP) and Transitory Electoral College (TEC)

Executive power – president, prime minister and government (10 ministers) – fragile political landscape

Ministry Of Human Rights And Extreme Power

Legislature – bicameral National Assembly - Senate and the Chamber of Deputies

Judiciary - Court Of Cassation, Court of Appeal, Courts of Peace

SECURITY

MINUSTAH – main pillar of the security

HNP- Haiti National Police – under staffed

Haitian Customs Surveillance

National Coordination Office For Women Affairs And Gender

RULE OF LAW

Pre-trial Detention Monitory Committee

Superior Council Of Judiciary

Unit For The Fight Against The Corruption

Organic law for the Office of the Ombudsperson

ECONOMIC

National Electricity Company


Gap analysis

Gap Analysis

SECURITY

  • strong on ideology and weak of practical results.

  • UN (6,270 uniformed personnel + 2,601 police officers) will leave out

  • Lack of disaster preparedness

  • Social cohesion

  • understaffed police force

  • Border control – trafficking

    GOVERNANCE

  • Institutional weakness

  • No tradition in governance and No leading authority

  • Deficiency in regulation state mechanisms

  • Lack of decentralization

    RULE OF LAW

  • Dysfunctional justice, police and prisons

  • cohesive criminal justice system

  • Prisons – new building, sanitization

  • Dependent judicial system

    SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL

  • Lack of proper sanitation, vaccination – medical care

  • Forestation and agriculture

  • Failing electricity sector - Electricity production v/s use the trees

  • Lack of infrastructure – roads, ports, airfields


Sscb strategy security

SSCB Strategysecurity

  • C4 - competent, capable, committed, and confident - HNP

  • transferring greater responsibility to the Haitian National Police (HNP)

  • development of a culture of democratic oversight

  • State accountability - equity and inclusiveness of all groups

  • anti-corruption programs

  • NGOs on the ground – vital role - humanitarian aid

  • criminal investigation and community policing.


Sscb strategy governance

SSCB StrategyGovernance

  • Technical dimensions

    Effectiveness and efficiency

  • personnel must have a baseline salary level where they at least have the opportunity to take care of themselves and their families

  • Social dimension

  • Communication between groups

  • Political dimension

  • Legitimacy - all groups represented - decentralization

  • Accountability

  • Human rights


Sscb strategy rule of law

SSCB StrategyRule of law

  • Effective and accountable law enforcement institutions - police, justice, human correction system

  • Provide advice and mentoring to Haitian police services – Wh applicable

  • Train in a C4 manner – human rights oriented.

  • Motivation support in executing law enforcement functions - public order, riot control, criminal, investigations, and intelligence-gathering

  • Unification training based on lessen learned - to gain the confidence of the population and reinforces government legitimacy.

  • Diversity in recruitment process - social levels, geography,

  • Justice sector – corruption preventive measures - ethical legal profession

  • A humane correctional system - Courts and prisons

  • Improving the infrastructure – new prisons and sanitization

  • Correction system ()

  • Vetting and

  • professional force whose ethos and training

  • minimize the risks of corruption and predatory

  • behavior

  • Publicly accessible body of law

  • Independent and competent judiciary

  • An effective and

  • Public understanding of legal rights and responsibilities

  • Mechanisms for monitoring and upholding human rights

  • Reconciliation and accountability mechanisms for resolving grievances arising from past conflict

  • the responsibility of the police force - law enforcement


Sscb strategy economic development

SSCB Strategyeconomic development

  • Stability and equity are two of the principles that should regulate all economic activity

  • International cooperation

  • Infrastructure – new roads, new prisons,

  • Communication and information space - critical leadership tool

  • to improve the business climate – to attract investment

  • violence economy” to the structures of “peace-time economy

  • C4 - competent, capable, committed, and confident

    Social

  • Public understanding of legal rights and responsibilities


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