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FRQ. Part A: primate city is the largest city in a country AND is more than twice the size of the next largest. Rank-size rule: The nth largest settlement is 1/n of the largest. The third largest settlement is 1/3 of the largest.

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FRQ

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Frq

FRQ

  • Part A: primate city is the largest city in a country AND is more than twice the size of the next largest.

  • Rank-size rule: The nth largest settlement is 1/n of the largest. The third largest settlement is 1/3 of the largest.

  • Mexico City is a primate city and does not follow the rank-size rule.

  • Total: 3 points


Two positive effects of primate cities on economic development 2points

Two positive effects of primate cities on economic development. (2points)

  • Advantages of agglomeration of economic activity.

  • Large market for goods and services.

  • Ability to offer high-end goods and services (including education) because of larger threshold

  • population.

  • Advantages of enhanced flow of information and ideas in large population.

  • Advantages of centralized transportation and communication network.

  • Global trade opportunities; primate cities can compete on a global scale and attract foreign investment.


Two negative effects of primate cities on economic development 2points

Two negative effects of primate cities on economic development. (2points)

  • Unequal distribution of investments deters national economic development.

  • Unequal economic and/or resource development.

  • Unequal distribution of wealth and/or power.

  • Transportation network (hub and spoke) prevents equal accessibility to all regions.

  • Impact of centrifugal forces and difficulties of political cohesion on economic development.

  • Brain drain — migration and unequal distribution of education, entrepreneurship, opportunities.

  • Negative externalities, e.g., unsustainable urbangrowth/slums/environmental impacts if these arerelated to economic development, e.g., burden on national economy to cope with problems.


City models

City Models

  • For US cities the city models deal with socioeconomic status – aka class.

  • Upper class, middle class, lower class


Concentric zone burgess model

Concentric Zone – Burgess Model


Bid rent theory

Bid Rent Theory


Burgess model con t

Burgess Model con’t.

  • CBD is the center

  • Everything is in relation to the CBD

  • Based on Chicago in the early 1900’s

  • Problem: many upper class/wealthy individuals are moving closer to the CBD in neighborhoods: ex. – Gold Coast, Lincoln Park


Sector model homer hoyt

Sector Model – Homer Hoyt


Sector con t

Sector con’t.

  • CBD is still the focal point of this model

  • Zones extend along transportation routes

  • Also based on Chicago

  • This model describes Chicago much better than Burgess – specifically industrial sectors and high class residential


Multiple nuclei harris and ullman

Multiple Nuclei – Harris and Ullman


Multiple nuclei con t

Multiple Nuclei con’t.

  • Suggest urban growth is independent of the CBD

  • Airports and universities support the multiple nuclei model. How?


Maps of indianapolis

Maps of Indianapolis

  • The following maps of Indianapolis reflect different data and all show a different spatial pattern that represents one of the previous models. Try to identify the model.


13 10

13-10


Frq

13-8


Frq

13-9


Latin american city model

Latin American City Model


Latin american model con t

Latin American model con’t

  • Wealthiest push out in an elite sector in a narrow spine with amenities for the rich

  • Squatter settlements are on the periphery


European cities

European Cities

  • Most of the wealthy live close to the CBD – different from most American cities.

  • As a result most live in small houses, townhouse, and condos.

  • Where do most Europeans go for open space?

  • Most cities were built before cars


Vondel park amsterdam

Vondel Park, Amsterdam


Prague czech republic

Prague, Czech Republic


Copenhagen denmark

Copenhagen, Denmark


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