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FRQ. Part A: primate city is the largest city in a country AND is more than twice the size of the next largest. Rank-size rule: The nth largest settlement is 1/n of the largest. The third largest settlement is 1/3 of the largest.

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slide1
FRQ
  • Part A: primate city is the largest city in a country AND is more than twice the size of the next largest.
  • Rank-size rule: The nth largest settlement is 1/n of the largest. The third largest settlement is 1/3 of the largest.
  • Mexico City is a primate city and does not follow the rank-size rule.
  • Total: 3 points
two positive effects of primate cities on economic development 2points
Two positive effects of primate cities on economic development. (2points)
  • Advantages of agglomeration of economic activity.
  • Large market for goods and services.
  • Ability to offer high-end goods and services (including education) because of larger threshold
  • population.
  • Advantages of enhanced flow of information and ideas in large population.
  • Advantages of centralized transportation and communication network.
  • Global trade opportunities; primate cities can compete on a global scale and attract foreign investment.
two negative effects of primate cities on economic development 2points
Two negative effects of primate cities on economic development. (2points)
  • Unequal distribution of investments deters national economic development.
  • Unequal economic and/or resource development.
  • Unequal distribution of wealth and/or power.
  • Transportation network (hub and spoke) prevents equal accessibility to all regions.
  • Impact of centrifugal forces and difficulties of political cohesion on economic development.
  • Brain drain — migration and unequal distribution of education, entrepreneurship, opportunities.
  • Negative externalities, e.g., unsustainable urbangrowth/slums/environmental impacts if these arerelated to economic development, e.g., burden on national economy to cope with problems.
city models
City Models
  • For US cities the city models deal with socioeconomic status – aka class.
  • Upper class, middle class, lower class
burgess model con t
Burgess Model con’t.
  • CBD is the center
  • Everything is in relation to the CBD
  • Based on Chicago in the early 1900’s
  • Problem: many upper class/wealthy individuals are moving closer to the CBD in neighborhoods: ex. – Gold Coast, Lincoln Park
sector con t
Sector con’t.
  • CBD is still the focal point of this model
  • Zones extend along transportation routes
  • Also based on Chicago
  • This model describes Chicago much better than Burgess – specifically industrial sectors and high class residential
multiple nuclei con t
Multiple Nuclei con’t.
  • Suggest urban growth is independent of the CBD
  • Airports and universities support the multiple nuclei model. How?
maps of indianapolis
Maps of Indianapolis
  • The following maps of Indianapolis reflect different data and all show a different spatial pattern that represents one of the previous models. Try to identify the model.
latin american model con t
Latin American model con’t
  • Wealthiest push out in an elite sector in a narrow spine with amenities for the rich
  • Squatter settlements are on the periphery
european cities
European Cities
  • Most of the wealthy live close to the CBD – different from most American cities.
  • As a result most live in small houses, townhouse, and condos.
  • Where do most Europeans go for open space?
  • Most cities were built before cars
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