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1. Socio-political influences on women?s civil and political action in the MENA region Nisrine Mansour
2. Session Outline What is civil society, collective action
Civil society and women
What type of civil society activism is found in the Middle East?
Challenges to women?s participation in political and civil sphere
3. Thinking stop: What is
4. History of the Concept of Public: Roots in Enlightenment Growth of capitalism, bourgeoisie and concern with protection of property: Concern with the structure of the modern polity and how it operated
Doubts about coercion and divine right to rule:Questions of how that polity was sustained
Civil society in contrast to state of nature: Concern with civility ? respect for individual autonomy, based on security, and trust
Rule of law and fundamental individual rights: Reason and rationality
Male dominated sphere ? women are not part of the public: Separation of powers
5. Late Enlightenment and 19th century ?Kant (1795): public debate, reason, maintaining peace and justice, rule of law
Hegel (1821): CS as counterweight to the absolute power of the state. But the state also counterweight to the egoistic tendencies of the individuals in civil society
De Tocqueville (1840): democracy in America, nation of joiners, habits of association
Marx (1844): ?Theatre of all history? Civil (?bourgeois?) society is what the capitalist class wrested from the monarchy, aristocracy and church.
also the system that is subjecting the working class to exploitation by the capitalist class
6. Liberal (Western) Views of CS Positive views of civil society:
Trust, social capital
# of associations = Democracy
Active citizens in public affairs
Non-violent and resisting violence
Fostering public debate
Counter-hegemonic: challenging the powerful; championing the marginalised
?Baddies? (e.g., mafia, terrorist cells, etc.) don?t belong because they are uncivil (i.e., lacking in civility)
7. Thinking stop: Is civil society always that Good?
8. The Dark Side of Civil Society Exclusionary, hierarchical groups are also present
Nationalist groups often have greater support than donor advocated organisations
Who defines who is ?good??
Groups advocating use of violence and other uncivil groups. If not in civil society, then where do they belong?
9. Ideal Type of Social Spaces
10. Actual Types of Social Spaces