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LOCAL & REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND URBAN PLANNING VII Sorin Ioni ţă [email protected] Cluj, May 2010

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LOCAL & REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND URBAN PLANNING VII Sorin Ioni ţă [email protected] Cluj, May 2010. Urban regulatio n. Territorial / urban / land regulation: One of the most intrusive functions of the state Strong reasons why it exists – what are those?

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LOCAL & REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND URBAN PLANNING

VII

Sorin Ioniţă

[email protected]

Cluj, May 2010

SORIN IONITA - 2010

urban regulatio n
Urban regulation

Territorial / urban / land regulation:

  • One of the most intrusive functions of the state
  • Strong reasons why it exists – what are those?
  • Shared between central (C) / intermediary (CJ) / local governments (CL), with many cross-cutting links
hierarchy of plans regulations
Hierarchy of plans / regulations
  • Plan for Territorial Management (Plan Amenajare Teritoriu, PAT)
    • County / Municipality (urban & rural): General Land Use Plan (Plan de Urbanism General, PUG) for the entire territorial-administrative area
      • Zoning Land Use Plan (Plan de Urbanism Zonal, PUZ) referring to a set of parcels of land
        • Detailed Land Used Plan (Plan de Urbanism de Detaliu, PUD), a detailed clarification of planned projects in specific areas
hierarchy of plans regulations1
Hierarchy of plans / regulations

When private agents want to build / change the land destination, they must:

  • Ask for information on existing regulations (PUG / PUZ / PUD) – explained by the authority in a Certificat de Urbanism (CU)
  • Prepare a Project (P) and get all the permits listed in CU
  • Submit P for approval (authority checks compliance) and get Building Permit (BP)
urban regulation tools
Urban regulation – tools

PUG / PUZ / PUD impose various constraints on a piece of land (private owner) – ex:

  • POT (procent de ocupare teren) = fraction of footprint from total plot
  • CUT (coeficient de ocupare teren) = fraction of unfolded area of the building from total plot
  • Maximum height
  • Withdrawals (from plot’s edges)
urban regulation tools1
Urban regulation – tools

Constraints – ex:

  • Materials used (texture and colors)
  • Shape and style of building, including roofs
  • Amount of green space, as % of the plot
  • Min (max) number of car parking places
  • Type of activities on the plot (residential, commerce&offices, industry, etc)
  • Special protection regime (heritage building, protected area, etc)
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