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Biology AHSGE. Standard IX- Five and Six Kingdom Classifications (2 questions). Five and Six Kingdom Classification. CONTENT STANDARD 9. Differentiate between the previous five-kingdom and current six-kingdom classification systems. ELIGIBLE CONTENT

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Biology AHSGE

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Biology ahsge

Biology AHSGE

Standard IX- Five and Six Kingdom Classifications (2 questions)


Five and six kingdom classification

Five and Six Kingdom Classification

CONTENT STANDARD 9. Differentiate between the previous five-kingdom and current six-kingdom classification systems.

ELIGIBLE CONTENT

A. Identify and define similarities and differences between the five-kingdom and six-kingdom classification systems.


5 kingdom classification

5 Kingdom Classification

Domain Bacteria

  • Kingdom Monera- Unicellular and prokaryotic

    Domain Eukarya

  • Kingdom Protista- Unicellular/multicellular and eukaryotic

  • Kingdom Fungi- Unicellular/Multicellular, eukaryotic and decomposers

  • Kingdom Plantae- Multicellular, eukaryotic and autotrophic

  • Kingdom Animalia- Multicellular, eukaryotic and heterotrophic


6 kingdom classification

6 Kingdom Classification

Domain Bacteria

  • Kingdom Eubacteria- Unicellular and prokaryotic with peptidoglycan

    Domain Archaea

    2. Kingdom Archaea- Unicellular and prokaryotic without peptidoglycan

    Domain Eukarya

  • Kingdom Protista- Unicellular/multicellular and eukaryotic

  • Kingdom Fungi- Unicellular/Multicellular, eukaryotic and decomposers

  • Kingdom Plantae- Multicellular, eukaryotic and autotrophic

  • Kingdom Animalia- Multicellular, eukaryotic and heterotrophic


Kingdom monera eubacteria and archaea

KINGDOM MONERA (EUBACTERIA AND ARCHAEA)

  • Members: Bacteria and blue-green algae (cyanobacteria)

  • Unicellular

  • Prokaryotic (No nucleus or membrane-bound organelles)

  • Autotrophic or heterotrophic

  • Anaerobic or aerobic

    • Anaerobic- Do not require oxygen

      • Obligate- Oxygen is poisonous

      • Facultative- Can withstand small amounts of oxygen

    • Aerobic- Require oxygen


Bacteria

Bacteria

  • Exist in three shapes:

    • Bacilli- Rod shaped

    • Cocci- Round shaped

    • Spirilla- Spiral shaped


Domain bacteria kingdom eubacteria

Domain Bacteria- Kingdom Eubacteria

  • Prokaryotes whose cell walls contain peptidoglycan (polymer of two kinds of sugars)

  • Mostly heterotrophic

  • Some aerobes, some anaerobes

  • Examples: Blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) and Staphylococcus

  • Many bacteria in your body


Domain and kingdom archaea

Domain and Kingdom Archaea

  • Archaebacteria- Prokaryotes whose cell walls do not contain peptidoglycan

  • More ancient than true bacteria

  • Mostly heterotrophic

  • Extremophiles- Live in extreme environments

    • Thermophiles- Live in extreme temperatures

    • Halophiles- Live in extremely saline environments

    • Methanogens- Obligate anaerobe; use CO2 in respiration and produce methane


Kingdom protista

Kingdom Protista

  • Eukaryotic

  • Unicellular or multicellular

  • Many colonial- Live together in groups

  • Can not form organs

  • Do not fit in other kingdoms; left-over or catch-all kingdom


Kingdom protista1

Kingdom Protista

1. Algae- Plant-like protists

  • Perform photosynthesis

  • Example: kelp and plankton

    2. Protozoans- Animal-like protists

  • Examples: Amoeba or paramecium


Kingdom protista2

Kingdom Protista

3. Fungus-like protists

  • Examples: Slime molds and mildew

    4. Euglenoids- Plant and animal-like

  • Have chloroplasts and can perform photosynthesis

  • Example: Euglena


Kingdom fungi

Kingdom Fungi

  • Unicellular or multicellular; eukaryotic

  • Heterotrophic

  • Lack motility (movement)

  • Cell walls composed of chitin (rigid polymer that provides structural support)

  • Hyphae- Thread-like filaments fungi are made of

    • Growth, feeding and reproduction

  • Mushrooms, yeast, mold, lichens


Kingdom fungi1

Kingdom Fungi

  • Parasites- Grow and feed on other organisms

  • Decomposer- Breaks down dead materials to absorb nutrients

    • Saprobe- Gets nourishment from dead/decaying material


Kingdom fungi2

Kingdom Fungi

  • Lichen- Fungi that live in a mutualistic relationship with algae

    • Fungus feeds off algae

    • Algae lives on hyphae


Kingdom plantae

Kingdom Plantae

  • Most autotrophic- contain chloroplasts for photosynthesis

  • Multicellular; eukaryotic

  • Cell walls composed of cellulose

  • Cells form tissues and some organs: roots, stems, and leaves

  • Basis of all terrestrial (land) habitats

  • Lack motility


Kingdom animalia

Kingdom Animalia

  • Heterotrophic

  • Mutlicellular; eukaryotic

  • No cell walls

  • Cells organize into tissues and then into organs

  • Organs often organize into organ systems

  • Live in water, on land and in air

  • Most motile (able to move); some lack motility as adults


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