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Food Security Follow-up Assessment. North-West Floods of September 2012. FSC TWG Presentation on findings, June 6 2013. Assessment Re-cap. Objectives: Re-assess the impact of flooding on food security and livelihoods six months after flooding Assess how the affected population has recovered

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food security follow up assessment

Food Security Follow-up Assessment

North-West Floods of September 2012

FSC TWG Presentation on findings, June 6 2013

assessment re cap
Assessment Re-cap
  • Objectives:
    • Re-assess the impact of flooding on food security and livelihoods six months after flooding
    • Assess how the affected population has recovered
    • Determine the existing needs (if any) of the affected population
  • Assessment summary:
    • April 1-6th, 8 agencies
    • 26 unions of 10 upazila of 5 districts (Bogra, Gaibandah, Jamalpur, Kurigram & Sirajgonj)
    • Puporsive sampling of worst affected areas
    • Assessment tools were measuring similar indicators to Sept. JNA
key results fs assessment sept 12
Key Results - FS Assessment Sept. ‘12
  • Major Needs
    • Communities = Food, Agr. Inputs & Shelter Repair
    • Assessment = Food Sec & Livelihoods 47 unions (165,132 HH)
    • Recommendations = Food support, u/c cash transfers, CFW/CFT, cash grant/provision of seeds & fertiliser for farming, nutrition causal analysis in Kurigram, strengthen health facility capacity to deliver essential nutrition interventions and detection of acute malnutrition, scale up community based nutrition promotion activities
  • Agriculture
    • 17/29 Uz severely damaged agriculture
    • 27% cultivated land submerged
    • 89% affected land was sown for Aman paddy. 80% expected to be lost
    • 24/29 Uz damaged fisheries resources

Key Results - FS Assessment Sept. ‘12

  • Food Sec & Livelihood
    • Ag. day labourers, sml & marginal farmers most affected
    •  income opportunities
    •  wage rate of Ag. day labourers (Jam, Kuri, Gaib)
    • Lean season  high food price &  purchasing capacity vul. HH
  • Coping Strategies
    • Selling assets, migration,  meal size and frequency
    •  HH food stock & income if no alt. cultivation likely employment crisis for Ag. day labourers
key findings agriculture
Key Findings – Agriculture
  • Poor Boro prospects (<50%) in Gaib, Kuri, Jam & Sirj b/c cold wave & limited investment cap
  • 24%  Boro wholesale price  daily labourer hard to buy
key findings food consumption score
Key Findings – Food Consumption Score
  • Average expense gap to reach good FCS = 1281 BDT/ month
key findings nutrition
Key Findings – Nutrition
  • GAM rate all districts = 14.4% (incl 4% SAM)
  • GAM in Kurigram very high
  • 60% did not exclusively breastfeed for 6 months
  • 35% children 6-23 months did not eat minimum meal frequency
  • Changes to eating patterns noted since floods ( meal size & frequency). 10% have resumed to normal
ongoing need exposed to repeated shocks
Ongoing Need – Exposed to repeated shocks
  • 3 floods in 2012, cold wave, frequent hartals
ongoing need exposed to repeated shocks1
Ongoing Need – Exposed to repeated shocks
  • Reason for less Boro harvest = 60% cold wave, 17% limited investment capacity
  • Hartals/ Political unrest hampered the labor market
  • Monsoon is knocking at the door!
ongoing need comparison between narri deshari vs non beneficiary
Ongoing Need – Comparison between NARRI/DeSHARIvs Non-beneficiary
  • 3 out of 5 districts were covered by NARRI/deSHARI programs
  • 75% of the HH in unions where programs present were NARRI/ DeSHARI beneficiaries
  • FSC Borderline is still alarming in those areas despite support, which means longer term interventions are required for improving Food Consumption
recommendations short term
Recommendations – short term
  • At least 48,000 HH have not recovered their assets as before the flood
  • Priority districts = Kurigram, Gaibandah & Jamalpur
  • Cash support with longer term focus on resilience
  • Continue scheme construction (infrastructure) with DRR lens
  • Partners in Kurigram to conduct nutrition causal analysis to identify context specific risks and aggravating factors for under nutrition. More in depth analysis on prevalence data via MUAC vs WHZ
recommendations longer term
Recommendations – longer term
  • Livelihood recovery, DRR strengthening and integrated food security program
  • Food Security and Livelihoods
      • Livelihood options identification (market analysis, cost-benefit analysis)
      • Market development (market extension process, value chain, market linkage)
      • Training (climate resilient livelihood skills training, risk reduction approaches, business development)
      • Schemes to support livelihood investments (e.g. Group savings, joint marketing initiatives, joint IGA activities etc.)
recommendations longer term1
Recommendations – longer term
  • Agriculture
      • Crop specific training (fertilizer, weed, disease mgt, post harvest technology, climate-resilient varieties etc.)
      • Local technical volunteers (linking service providers to farmers, technical advice etc.)
  • Nutrition
      • Strengthen the capacity of health facilities to deliver essential nutrition interventions (e.g. IYCF counseling, nutrition & hygeine promotion, micronutrient supplememtation) and in detection, screening and referral of acute malnutrition
      • Scale up community based nutrition promotion activities to improve knowledge and practice of IYCF
lessons learnt
Lessons Learnt
  • Assessment Planning
  • Field Activities
  • Data Management
  • Reporting Writing
  • Other