APPENDIX A
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APPENDIX A VIEWGRAPHS MASTERS. A-1. HOW DO THE INDIVIDUAL COPING SKILLS DIFFER. OPERATIONAL FACIAL TAUTNESS LACK OF CONCENTRATION FRUSTRATION LOUD, EXPLOSIVE SPEECH TENSE POSTURE ANXIETY, FEAR, PANIC FINGER\, KNEE JIGGLING POUNDING & CLENCHING FIST WHILE WALKING

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A 1

APPENDIX A

VIEWGRAPHS MASTERS

A-1


A 1

HOW DO THE INDIVIDUAL COPING

SKILLS DIFFER

  • OPERATIONAL

  • FACIAL TAUTNESS

  • LACK OF CONCENTRATION

  • FRUSTRATION

  • LOUD, EXPLOSIVE SPEECH

  • TENSE POSTURE

  • ANXIETY, FEAR, PANIC

  • FINGER\, KNEE JIGGLING

  • POUNDING & CLENCHING

  • FIST WHILE WALKING

  • IRRITABILITY OR EDGINESS

  • COMBAT

  • WITHDRAWAL

  • TEMPER

  • DEPRESSION, INSOMNIA

  • ERRATIC ACTIONS, OUTBURSTS

  • LOSS OF SKILLS & MEMORIES

  • IMPAIRED VISION, TOUCH &

  • HEARING

  • HALLUCINATIONS, DELUSIONS

  • IMPAIRED DUTY PEFORMANCE

  • HYPERALLERTNESS

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A-2


A 1

FACTORS WHICH INFLUENCE COMBAT

AND OPERATIONAL STRESS

  • OPERATIONAL

  • REALISTIC TRAINING

  • UNIT COHESION

  • OPTEMPO

  • FAMILY

  • FINANCIAL

  • PROBLEMS

  • TDY/PCS MOVES

  • COMBAT

  • UNIT COHESION

  • SENSE OF MISSION

  • BATTLE FATIGUE

  • MALNUTRITION

  • UNPREDICTABILITY

  • FEARS & ANXIETY

  • INJURIES

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  • STRESS

  • BODY’S RESPONSE TO A DEMAND (STRESSOR)

  • EVENTS OR SITUATIONS WHICH:

    • REQUIRE A CHANGE

    • CREATE INTERNAL EMOTIONAL CONFLICT

    • POSE A THREAT

  • THE DEMAND MAY BE PHYSICAL OR MENTAL

  • STRESSORS CAN BE POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE

  • DEPENDING ON HOW THEY ARE PERCEIVED BY

  • THE PERSON

  • BOTTOM LINE, STRESSOR PLUS PERCEPTION

  • CAUSES STRESS

A-4

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USEFUL STRESS

THE PRESSURE THAT HELPS US MEET AND OVERCOME

UNPLEASANT OR PAINFUL SITUATIONS

HARMFUL STRESS

EXCESS MENTAL AND PHYSICAL STRAIN ON THE BODY

WHICH CAUSES PHYSICAL AND MENTAL PROBLEMS

A-5

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DYSFUNCTIONAL

FUNCTIONAL

DYSFUNCTIONAL

STRESS

STRESS

STRESS

THE STRESS-PERFORMANCE RELATIONSHIP

(LETHARGY)

(MOTIVATING)

OPTIMUM POINT

STRESS

A-6

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A 1

STAGES OF STRESS ADAPTATION

HIGH

STAGE OF RESISTANCE

STAGE OF

NORMAL

ALARM

(LONG)

EXHAUSTION

RESISTANCE

REACTION

(BRIEF)

LEVEL

(VERY

SHORT)

NORMAL

RESISTANCE

STRESS

LEVEL

LOW

TIME

A-7

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A 1

COPING WITH THE IMPACT

OF STRESS

PRACTICE STRESS-COPING TECHNIQUES

COUNSELING

SIMPLE RELAXATION TECHNIQUES

PREVENTATIVE TECHNIQUES

PHYSICAL PREPARATION

GET ENOUGH SLEEP

EXERCISE

EAT RIGHT

MENTAL PREPARATION

TALK ABOUT YOUR PROBLEMS

ACCEPT WHAT YOU CAN NOT CHANGE

SET REALISTIC EXPECTATIONS

A-8

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A 1

LEADER’S ACTIONS TO

REDUCE STRESS WITHIN A UNIT

PROMOTE UNIT COHESION

TEAM COHESION

INTEGRATE NEW ARRIVALS QUICKLY

KEEP MEMBERS OF SMALL TEAMS ALWAYS WORKING TOGETHER

CONDUCT AAR DEBRIEFINGS ROUTINELY

RECOMMEND EXEMPLARY SOLDIERS FOR AWARDS AND DECORATIONS

BE VISIBLE

SERVE AS AN ETHICAL ROLE MODEL

ASSURE PHYSICAL FITNESS

A-9

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A 1

LEADER’S ACTIONS TO

REDUCE STRESS WITHIN A UNIT (CON’T)

CONDUCT TOUGH, REALISTIC TRAINING

BUILDS CONFIDENCE

ENSURE RISK ASSESSMENTS ARE CONDUCTED

CROSS TRAIN SOLDIERS WHENEVER AND WHEREVER POSSIBLE

CONSERVE THE WELL-BEING OF THE TROOPS

ALLOCATE RESOURCES TO “TAKE CARE OF THE TROOPS”

KEEP INFORMATION FLOWING

KEEP ACCURATE INFORMATION FLOWING DOWN TO THE LOWEST LEVEL

(AND BACK UP AGAIN); DISPEL RUMORS

PROVIDE THE JUNIOR NCO’S AND OFFICERS WITH THE NECESSARY

GUIDANCE

PROVIDE AS MUCH INFORMATION TO THE SOLDIERS AS POSSIBLE

ENCOURAGE SHARING OF RESOURCES AND FEELINGS

A-10

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