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Renaissance. Music in the. According to a theorist writing in 1475, no music worth hearing had been written before 1440. a piece by Josquin. Josquin Desprez (des Prez). 1 st “Great Composer” glorified by contemporary and following generations new approach to composition?. Jos Canh

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renaissance
Renaissance

Music in the

according to a theorist writing in 1475 no music worth hearing had been written before 1440
According to a theorist writing in 1475, no music worth hearing had been written before 1440 . . .
josquin desprez des prez
Josquin Desprez (des Prez)
  • 1st “Great Composer” glorified by contemporary and following generations
  • new approach to composition?

Jos Canh

duh Pray

the old way

Add a third active line that goes well with the cantus firmus and the other line

Add a nice active line that goes well with the cantus firmus

The Old Way

Start with a bit of chant – a cantus firmus

the emerging way
The Emerging Way?

Still very “linear” in conception, especially in its emphasis on IMITATIVE COUNTERPOINT, but more “vertical” in organization? (Careful control of dissonance; favoring triads.)

compared to ars nova
Compared to Ars Nova . . .
  • more careful handling of dissonance
  • more respect for the mode (less chromatic)
  • “sweeter” sound world favors the warm or sweet sound of 3rds & 6ths (intervals) instead of the stark, empty sounds of perfect 4ths & 5ths
josquin listening example
Josquin listening example
  • KEY INFO:
  • motet -- Ave Maria. . . Virgo Serena, 1502,
  • Josquin (c. 1440-1521)
  • Imitative counterpoint

1480

Extra info:

LINE, careful handling of dissonance. The shift to triple time and then back to duple near the end of a work is characteristic of many Renaissance works. Opening based on a chant fragment, but most of the work is freely invented anew.

ave maria virgo serena

Overlapping entry

Overlapping entry

Entry order: 1 2 3 4 time interval = 4 beats

Entry order: 1 2 3 4 time interval = 5 beats

Ave Maria. . . Virgo Serena

Each phrase imitated by following voices

Entry order: 1 2 3 4 time interval = 4 beats

ave maria virgo serena1

slightly overlapping entry

High duet (1 & 2) answered by low duet (3 4) + 3rd voice (2)

brief break

All 4 voices start rhythmically together but gradually create complex interlocking texture

Ave Maria. . . Virgo Serena

Entry order: 2 1 3 4 time interval = 4 beats

ave maria virgo serena2

slightly overlapping entry

4 lines in imitation enter 1 2 3 4 at time intervals of 4, 2 & 4 beats

Ave Maria. . . Virgo Serena

Canonic duet (1 2) at a time interval of 1 beat answered by canonic duet in 3 & 4

Duet in 1 & 2 answered by duet in 3 & 4

Again, duet in 1 & 2 answered by duet in 3 & 4

ave maria virgo serena3
Ave Maria. . . Virgo Serena

TRIPLE METER

lines generally together (a chordal, homorhythmic texture) but still independent – there is a hidden canon

Text at this point?

ave maria virgo serena4
Ave Maria. . . Virgo Serena

back to duple

Duet in 1 & 2 answered by duet in 3 & 4

That section is repeated note-for-note but with a different text

Free imitation (lines 1 & 3 exact)

Free imitation (lines 1 & 3 exact)

Homorhythmic to the final “Amen”

quite a career
Quite a career
  • Served in cathedrals and chapels of a wealthy family, the pope, and French royalty
  • Milan, Rome, Ferrara, Belgium & France
  • SIGNIFICANCE – this approach to music an international culture
for comparison
for comparison
  • Memor esto, Josquin
  • Ave Maria, Ockeghem
summary italian renaissance
Summary – Italian Renaissance
  • POLITICS – Italian city-states; power from € (money)
  • EARLY RENAISSANCE – Florence
  • HIGH RENAISSANCE – Rome
  • ART – Classical ideals revived; BIG 3
  • IDEAS – Humanism returns
  • MUSIC – Josquin & imitative counterpoint
datebook
DATEBOOK

1432 –

c.1500 –

Donatello’s nude David

Michelangelo’s David & Josquin’s Ave Maria . . . Virgo Serena(approximate date)

josquin
Josquin

(to the tune of the Beatles’ “Michelle”)

Josquin, the Man,

Wrote smooth counterpoint as few persons can,

That guy Josquin

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