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Biotic VS. Abiotic. The living parts of an ecosystem are called BIOTIC factors Examples: 6 Kingdoms,trees, plants, flowers, insects, animals. Biotic VS. Abiotic. The non-living things in an ecosystem are called ABIOTIC factors

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biotic vs abiotic
Biotic VS. Abiotic
  • The living parts of an ecosystem are called BIOTICfactors
    • Examples: 6 Kingdoms,trees, plants, flowers, insects, animals
biotic vs abiotic1

Biotic VS. Abiotic

The non-living things in an

ecosystem are called ABIOTIC

factors

Examples : water, rocks, soil, air, temperature, wind, carbon dioxide, nutrients, sunlight.

alive
Alive?
  • To be considered living, an organism must…
    • Contain all 7 characteristics of life
      • DNA
      • Reproduce
      • Use energy
      • Adapt
      • Respond to Stimuli
      • Made of cells
      • Grow and Develop
slide5

Animal Kingdom

* Food – Cannot make their own food.

* Multi-cellular organisms

Reproduction – Asexual and sexual

Examples – Humans, crustaceans, spiders, insects, fish, birds, mammals, sponges, hydras, coral, worms, etc.

slide6

Examples of Animals

Sea horse

Sea anemone

butterfly

Great

White

Shark

Poison

Dart

frog

hydra

human

slide8

Plant Kingdom

* Food – make their own food by photosynthesis.

*Multi-cellular

Reproduction – Sexually and asexually

Examples – rose, cactus, grass, daisy, ferns, trees

slide10

Kingdom Fungi

* Food – do not make their own food. Decomposers

* Unicellular and multicellular.

Reproduction – Sexual and Asexual

Examples – yeast, mushrooms, mold, mildew, athletes foot, ringworm

slide11

Examples of Fungi

Athletes Foot

Bread mold

mushroom

yeast

Bread mold magnified

ringworm

Foot Fungus

slide12

Kingdom Protists

* Food – Some make their own food (plantlike); others cannot (animal-like).

* Unicellular and Multi-cellular

Reproduction – Asexual & Sexual

Examples – Euglena, paramecium, amoeba, slime mold, volvox, algae,diatoms, giant kelp

slide13

Examples of Protists

Paramecium

Algae

Amoeba

Volvox

Stentor

Euglena

Red algae

slide14

KINGDOM EUBACTERIA

*Food – Some can make their own food: other cannot.

* Unicellular organisms.

Reproduction – asexual

Roles: decomposers, food makers, help digest food, clean oil spills, makes nitrogen rich soil(helps plants grow), etc.

slide15

Examples of Eubacteria

Anthrax

Staph

Bacteria help digest food

Strep

E. Coli

Blue green algae

slide16

Kingdom Archaebacteria

This hot, sulfur-rich, acidic pool in Yellowstone National Park is home to species of Archea,  including Sulfolobus.

Some archaens live 1000’s of miles deep in the ocean near superheated volcanic vents.

slide17

KINGDOM ARCHAEBACTERIA

* Food- Some cannot make their own food; others do.

* Unicellular organisms

Reproduction – asexual

Three main types – salt loving, heat loving, and methane makers, harsh environments

slide18

Let’s Practice

Which kingdom does each organism belong?

Eubacteria

Animal

Protists

protists

plant

Fungus

Eubacteria

Animal

Archaebacteria

Fungus

animal

slide20

ABIOTIC FACTORS

  • Sunlight
  • Plants need the sunlight to make glucose by photosynthesis.
  • Without plants, the food chain dies.
  • Sunlight produces heat that changes the temperature of the Earths atmosphere and surface.
slide21

ABIOTIC FACTORS

  • Water
  • Organisms are mostly made of water. The cytoplasm of cells are mostly water.
  • Plants need water to do photosynthesis.
slide22

ABIOTIC FACTORS

Climate

Includes the average temperature and rainfall for a region. All organisms are adapted for the climate they live. Climate determines the different biomes.

slide23

ABIOTIC FACTORS

  • Soil
  • Plants need the soil for the
  • nutrients and water it provides. NOT FOOD!!!.
  • Many animals live in the soil.
  • The type of soil in an area determines the types of plants and animals that can live in the area.
  • EX: Venus Flytraps
slide24

ABIOTIC FACTORS

Severe Disturbances

1. Fire – Fire can be good or bad. It

destroys habitat and food. Some plants

need a fire for their seeds to germinate.

2.Hurricanes

3. Volcanoes

4. Floods

5. Storms

6. Droughts

slide25

ABIOTIC FACTORS

  • Introduced Species
  • Humans sometimes move organisms to a location where they do not belong. Sometimes they die, but often they prosper.
  • If the organism has no predators, then its population will grow. An example of this occurring this the kudzu plant. It was transplanted to American and nothing eats it here. So, it grows out of
  • control.
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